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Total from east coast South America
Cristobal. Canal Zone, to
West coast Central America/Mexico..
90, 562 22, 851 5,017
Total from Cristobal, Canal Zone.
West Indies to
West coast United States
9, 104 105, 047 829, 496 190, 700 84, 591 84, 239
31, 378 120, 559 858, 168 242, 938 72, 188 47, 429 43, 719 24, 052
Total from West Indies
1, 256, 026
1, 440, 431
West coast United States
75, 795 38, 986 233, 662 554, 437
10 22, 833
213, 429 47, 681 17, 720 195, 980 413, 637
4, 563 15, 350
81, 080 47, 568 23, 014 216, 210 239, 835 26, 372 16, 821
Total from Europe..
1, 159, 293
Asia and Africa to
Total cargo, Atlantic to Pacific.
9, 899, 088
8, 679, 140
8, 294, 820
Panama Canal net..
1,380 $22, 403 15, 192
Mr. O'TOOLE. Mr. Fugate.
Mr. O'TOOLE. At this time the Chair desires to place in the record a telegram addressed to the committee from C. J. Stettin, assistant to the general manager of the port of Seattle; another telegram from Mr. Stettin and other businessmen of Seattle; a statement by Mr. Christy Thomas, of the Seattle Chamber of Commerce; a letter from Harold B. Say, a representative of the Port of Portland Chamber of Commerce; and some statements on the national defense importance of the Panama Canal. (The matter above referred to is as follows:)
SEATTLE, WASH., June 27, 1950. CHAIRMIX AND MEMBERS, PANAMA CANAL SUBCOMMITTEE, House Committee of Merchant Marine and Fisheries,
House Office Building, Washington, D. C.: The undersigned representative groups believe that a bill, H. R. 8677, presently before your subcommittee fails to include provisions which we have strongly urged ; namely, elimination of national defense costs from the capital structure of the Panama Canal and division of dual-purpose, costs among users on a proportionate-use basis.
We are also fearful that the proposed changes in the Canal Zone Code may result in delays which might well jeopardize the establishment of a just tolls formula during the current session.
We, therefore, urge that the codification provisions be deleted and that there be added to the bill the provisions outlined in the first paragraph of this wire.
C. J. STETTIN, Assistant to General Manager, Port of Seattle.
SEATTLE, WASH., June 27, 1950. CHAIRMAN AND MEMBERS, PANAMA CANAL SUBCOMMITTEE, House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries,
House Office Building, Washington, D. C.: The undersigned representative groups believe that a bill, H. R. 8677, presently before your subcommittee fails to include provisions which we have strongly urged, namely, elimination of national defense costs from the capital structure of the Panama Canal and division of dual-purpose costs among users on a proportionate-use basis.
We are also fearful that the proposed changes in the Canal Zone Code may result in delays which might well jeopardize establishment of a just tolls formula during the current session,
We, therefore, urge that the codification provisions be deleted and there be added to the bill the provisions outlined in the first paragraph of this wire.
C. J. Stettin, Assistant to General Manager, Port of Seattle, Seattle,
Wash. ; H. M. Burke, District Manager, Williams, Dimond & Co.,
STATEMENT OF CHRISTY THOMAS, REPRESENTING THE SEATTLE CHAMBER OF
COMMERCE, SEATTLE, WASH. My name is Christy Thomas. I am manager of the Washington office of the Seattle Chamber of Commerce. The city of Seattle is the principal seaport of the Pacific Northwest. It handles a tremendous amount of shipping which goes through the Panama Canal, the cost of which is affected by the method of computing tolls through the Canal.
On January 10 of this year, after a thorough study of the subject by members of its maritime division, the Seattle Chamber of Commerce adopted a resolution, as follows:
"The Seattle Chamber of Commerce urges the second session of the Eightyfirst Congress to provide an equitable formula for computing Panama Canal tolls payable by commercial users.
Since that time there have been introduced in the Senate two bills–S. 3649, by Senator Tydings, and S. 3650, by Senator Magnuson-and in the House, H. R. 8677, which this committee has before it today. The Seattle Chamber of Commerce has not taken a specific choice between these bills, preferring to rely upon the committees and the Congress to write fair legislation after full investigation into the history of the Canal and the facts regarding military usage of the Canal which is presently being paid for entirely by commercial shippers.
We of the Pacific Northwest are accustomed to paying for the benefits we derive from the Federal Government and its agencies. We gladly repay the Federal investment in reclamation, power development, and similar wealthcreating projects. By the same token, we are perfectly willing that our ship operators pay a reasonable fee for their use of the Panama Canal.
But we do not think it fair that commercial shipping alone should pay the cost of the military and other governmental uses now charged to the repayment accounts of the Panama Canal.
Therefore we urge the committee to determine a proper allocation of costs which can be used to determine fair tolls payable by commercial users of the Panama Canal.
PORTLAND CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
Hon. DONALD L. O'TOOLE,
House of Representatives, Washington, D. C.
The Portland Chamber of Commerce for many years has been on record as desiring the Federal Government to make a study of the elements of Panama Canal costs and operations, and from such to establish sets of charges against commercial vessels and noncommercial vessels that would be equitable. It believes that not only operating costs should be taken into consideration but capitalization costs measured against the purposes for which the Canal was built.
If H. R. 8677, which your committee has under consideration, does not accomplish these ends in full, the Portland Chamber of Commerce hopes that this committee will embody amendments which will so do and from which toll schedules can be established that will reflect the rightful cost commercial vessels should bear and simultaneously the costs that national defense and related elements should bear. Respectfully,
HAROLD B. SAY.
STATEMENTS ON NATIONAL DEFENSE IMPORTANCE OF THE PANAMA CANAL
Theodore Roosevelt, message to Congress, January 4, 1904:
"Long acknowledged to be essential to our commercial development, '(the Canal) has become, as a result of the recent extension of our territorial dominion, more than ever essential to our national defense. In the light of our present situation, the establishment of easy and speedy communication by sea presents itself not simply as something to be desired but as an object to be positively and promptly attained. Reasons of convenience have been superseded by reasons of vital necessity.”
Important commodity shipments over principal trade routes, Atlantic to Pacific
Cristobal, Canal Zone, to west coast South America (no single
outstanding commodity in this trade). West Indies to west coast United States:
West Indies to west coast South America:
West Indies to Balboa, Canal Zone: