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BEFORE THE

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HEARINGS
0.5, Congress, Senal
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

UNITED STATES SENATE

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SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 1318

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE GENERAL WELFARE
BY ENABLING THE SEVERAL STATES TO MAKE MORE
ADEQUATE PROVISION FOR THE HEALTH AND WEL-
FARE OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN AND FOR
SERVICES TO CRIPPLED CHILDREN,

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

JUNE 21 AND 22, 1946

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1946

88976

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana, Chairman DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts

ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana

JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota LISTER HILL, Alabama

H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey DENNIS CHAVEZ, New Mexico

WAYNE L. MORSE, Oregon
JAN M. TUNNELL, Delaware

FO REST C. DONNELL, Missouri
JOSEPH F. GUFFEY, Pennsylvania
OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas

CHARLES A. MURRAY, Clerk

PAUL SAMPLE, A88istant Clerk
CHARLES BRAGMAN, Staff Member, Subcommittee on Health and Education

II

36

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Page

S. 1318, maternal and child welfare, Senate Committee on Education and

Labor----

1

Statement of witnesses-

Senator Claude Pepper (D., Florida)

10

Mrs. Eugene Meyer..

11

Mrs. Stanley G. Cook, national chairman of legislation, National

Congress of Parents and Teachers, Indian Head, Md.

22

Russell W. Ballard, director, Hull House, Chicago, Il.

Mary E. Leeper, executive secretary, Association for Childhood Edu-

cation, Washington, D. C---

40

Mrs. Eveline B. Jacobs, National Society for Crippled Children and

Adults, Inc., Chicago, Ill-

42

Joseph S. Wall, M. D., chairman, committee on legislation, the Ameri-

can Academy of Pediatrics, representing the American Medical

Association, Washington, D. C----

51

Joseph H. Howard, M. D., obstetrician, on behalf of the American

Medical Association, Bridgeport, Conn.

93

Dr. M. Edward Davis, Chicago, Ill_-

101

Dr. Ella Oppenheimer, director, Bureau of Maternal & Child Welfare,

District of Columbia-

105

Dr. G. Willard Camalier, legislative committee, American Dental As-

sociation, Washington, D. C------

111

Mrs. Eleanor Vaughan, vice chairman, Congress of American Women,

New York, N. Y.--

121

Katharine F. Lenroot, chief, Children's Bureau, United States Depart-

ment of Labor, Washington, D. C-----

128

Dr. Martha Eliot, assistant chief, Children's Bureau, United States
Department of Labor, Washington, D. C------

----175, 205

Lawrence J. Gourley, legal counsel, department of public relations,

American Osteopathic Association, Washington, D. C---- -201, 206

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LIST OF EXHIBITS

hibit 1. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard

Medical School, Boston, Mass.-

Exhibit 2. Telegram of June 21, 1946, from Dr. Henry F. Helmholz,

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn..

Exhibit 3. Telegram of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Edward A. Park, Johns

Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md.

Exhibit 4. Letter of May 23, 1946, from Dr. Grover F. Powers, Yale

University School of Medicine, New Haven Hospital, New

Haven, Conn.

Exhibit 5. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Grover F. Powers, Yale

University School of Medicine, New Haven Hospital, New

Haven, Conn.

Exhibit 6. Letter of October 30, 1945, from Dr. L. Emmett Holt, Jr.,

Bellevue

Hospital, New York, N. Y.-

Exhibit 7. Letter of January 14, 1946, from Dr. Robert W. Rogers,

Plainfield, N. J.

Exhibit 8. Letter of July 30, 1945, from Col. James B. Brown, M. C.,

Valley Forge General Hospital, Phoenixville, Pa..

Exhibit 9. Letter of January 26, 1946, from Prof. Harold C. Hodge,

University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry,

Rochester, N. Y...
Exhibit 10. Letter of November 5, 1945, from Dr. Channing Frothing-

ham, the Faulkner Hospital, Jamaica Plain, Mass.--

Exhibit 11. Letter of November 21, 1945, from Dr. Paul B. Cornely,

Howard University, Washington, D. C.

Exhibit 12. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. M. O. Bousfield, Supreme

Liberty Life Insurance Co., Chicago, Ill..
Exhibit 13. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. Harold H. Mitchell, Long

Island City, N. Y
Exhibit 14. Letter of June 24, 1946, from Dr. Robert B. Osgood, Argilla

Road, Ipswich, Mass.

Exhibit 15. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. Basil C. MacLean, Strong

Memorial Hospital, Rochester, N. Y.

Exhibit 16. Letter of June 18, 1946, from C. L. Palmer, the Medical

Society of the State of Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Pa...

Exhibit 17. Telegram of June 19, 1946, from Holman_Taylor, State

Medical Association of Texas, Fort Worth, Tex-

Exhibit 18. Letter of June 17, 1946, from Dr. Ray T. Woolsey, Utah State

Medical Association, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Exhibit 19. Letter of June 21, 1946, from Dr. O. L. Miller, Medical Arts

Building, Charlotte, N. C..

Exhibit 20. Letter of June 22, 1946, from Atley O. Nelson, Jr., Washington

Spastic Children's Society, Seattle, Wash.

Exhibit 21. Letter of June 18, 1946, from Mrs. Michael Fox, New York,

N. Y...

Exhibit 22. Letter of January 12, 1946, from Mrs. James W. (Edith)

Foster, Owensboro, Ky -

Exhibit 23. Letter of June 20, 1946, and article from Arthur E. Moore,

judge of probate, Oakland County, Pontiac, Mich.

Exhibit 24. Letter of June 24, 1946, from Dr. Frederick H. Allen, Philadel-

phia Child Guidance Clinic, Philadelphia, Pa..

Exhibit 25. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. George Stevenson, the

National Committee for Mental Hygiene, New York, N. Y.-

Exhibit 26. Letter of June 24, 1946, from R. M. Walls, D. D. S., Bethle-

hem, Pa.

Exhibit 27. Statement from J. M. Wisan, D. D. S., chief, division of dental

health, New Jersey State Department of Health, Trenton,

N. J.

Exhibit 28. Letter of June 21, 1946, from John Oppie McCall, D. D. S., the

Murry and Leonie Guggenheim Dental Clinic, New York,

N. Y..

Exhibit 29. Letter of June 20, 1946, and statement from Ruth Houlton,

National Organization for Public Health Nursing, Inc., New

York, N. Y.

Exhibit 30. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Mabel K. Staupers, National

Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, Inc., New York,

N. Y..

Exhibit 31. Letter of June 19, 1946, and statement from Ruth Sleeper,

National League of Nursing Education, New York, N. Y..

Exhibit 32. Letter of June 25, 1946, from Dr. William H. Perkins, Council

of Social Agencies, Philadelphia, Pa...

Exhibit 33. Letter of October 29, 1945, from William C. Webb, Jr., Chil-

dren's Dental Clinics of the Philadelphia Mouth Hygiene

Association, Philadelphia, Pa..

Exhibit 34. Letter of June 24, 1946, from William C. Webb, Jr., Children's

Dental Clinics of the Philadelphia Mouth Hygiene Associa-

tion, Philadelphia, Pa--

Exhibit 35. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Michael M. Davis, Com-

mittee for the Nation's Health, Washington, D. C.-

Exhibit 36. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Reginald M. Atwater,

American Public Health Association, New York N. Y...

Exhibit 37. Letter of June 25, 1946, from Gladys E. Hall, American

Dietetic Association, Chicago, Ill.

Exhibit 38. Letter of September 21, 1945, from William W. Noyes, chair-

man, board of selectmen and board of health, Bridgewater,

Mass..

Exhibit 39. Letter of June 24, 1946, and statement from Mrs. Joseph M.

Welt, National Council of Jewish Women, Inc., New York,

N. Y.

Exhibit 40. Letter of June 21, 1946, and statement from Miss Hazel

Corbin, Maternity Center Association, New York, N. Y.--

Exhibit 41. Letter of June 27, 1946, from Mrs. Theodor Oxholm, Spokes-

men for Children, Inc., New York, N. Y.

Exhibit 42. Letter of June 22, 1946, from Mrs. Harry (Ella) Firger,

Parents' Federation of Greater Boston, Jamaica Plain,

Mass.

Exhibit 43. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Mrs. David (Beatrice) Jacobs,

League of Women Shoppers, Inc. (New York chapter), New

York, N. Y.

Exhibit 44. Letter of April 10, 1946, from Mrs. Alfred Winslow (Mary

Carter) Jones, Women's City Club of New York, Inc., New

York, N. Y..

Exhibit 45. Letter of April 2, 1946, from Frances P. Arnold, the Girls' Page

Friendly Society, United States of America, New York,

N. Y...

274

Exhibit 46. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Floyd E. Bracken, recording

secretary, Lodge No. 799, Brotherhood of Railway Carmen

of America, Lincoln, Nebr...

275

Exhibit 47. Statement from the Congress of Industrial Organizations,

June 26, 1946..

275

Exhibit 48. Letter of June 27, 1946 from William Green, president Ameri-

can Federation of Labor.

277

Exhibit 49. Letter of June 24, 1946, from Elisabeth Christman, National

Women's Trade Union League of America, Washington,

D. C..

278

Exhibit 50. Letter of April 23, 1946, from George F. Addes, United Auto-

mobile Workers, CIO, Detroit, Mich..

279

Exhibit 51. Letter of June 20, 1946, from James L. Hymes, Jr., National

Association for Nursery Education, Garden City, Long

Island, N. Y.

280

Exhibit 52. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from the Benton House Settlement

Staff, Chicago, II.

280

Exhibit 53. Letter of June 25, 1946, from Mrs. W. E. (Ruth B.) Hunter,

Bethlehem Creche and Settlement, Chicago, Ill...

281

Exhibit 54. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Abigail Wright, head resident,

Garibaldi Institute, Chicago, Ill.

281

Exhibit 55. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Virgil E. Lowder, department

of social service, Church Federation of Greater Chicago,

Chicago, m..

281

Exhibit 56. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Jacob Kepecs, Jewish Chil-

dren's Bureau of Chicago.

281

Exhibit 57. Telegram of June 25, 1946, from M. K. Reikord, Illinois

Children's Home and Society, Chicago, Ill.

281

Exhibit 58. Telegram of June 25, 1946, from Curtis W. Reese, Abraham

Lincoln Centre, Chicago, Ill..

282

Exhibit 59. Letter of September 14, 1945, from Mary M. Aikin, Eaton

Manufacturing Co., Cleveland, Ohio.

282

Exhibit 60. Telegram of June 22, 1946, from Howard W. Hopkirk, Child

Welfare League of America, New York, N. Y.-

282

Exhibit 61. Letter of June 21, 1946, from Mary E. Leeper, Association for

Childhood Education, Washington, D. Ĉ..

283

Exhibit 62. Letter of June 22, 1946, from Dorothy Gerson, Detroit Nursery

School Association, Detroit, Mich.

283

Exhibit 63. Letter of August 29, 1945, from Leon H. Richman, Cleveland

Chapter of the American Association of Social Workers,

Cleveland, Ohio...

284

Exhibit 64. Letter of September 14, 1945, and statement from Mary B.

Turner, St. John's Day Care Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

284

Exhibit 65. Letter of September 1, 1945, from Daniel R. Elliott, the

Welfare Federation of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio..

286

Exhibit 66. Letter from Mary G. Kane, Cleveland, Ohio.

287

Exhibit 67. Letter of August 31, 1945, from Wilbur A. Steuer, National

Lawyers Guild, Cleveland Chapter, Cleveland Ohio... 287

Exhibit 68. Statement of June 25, 1946, from Charles S. Johnson, Fisk

University -

288

Exhibit 69. Telegram of June 26, 1946, from Dr. Fred C. Dilley, Eagles

National Child Health Commission, Brazil, Ind.

288

Exhibit 70. Telegram of June 25, 1946, from Katherine W. (Mrs. 0. R.)

Sellers, Department of Social Service, Church Federation of

Greater Chicago..

290

Exhibit 71. Statement by Mrs. Theodore 0. Wedel, United Council of

Church Women, Washington, D. C.

290

Exhibit 72. Letter of March 15, 1946, from Leon K. Zummak, Lutheran

Service Center, San Antonio, Tex..

291

Exhibit 73. Detailed Comparison of Provisions in S. 1606, title I, part B

(the National Health Act), and in S. 1318 (the Maternal

and Child Welfare Act) by the Children's Bureau, United

States Department of Labor.

291

Exhibit 74. Ten Years of Services for Children under the Social Security

Program, August 1935-August 1945, by the Children's

Bureau, United States Department of Labor.--

303

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