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5 southern industrial States.

5. 7

8.7

11.4

"The direct Federal expenditures included are certain items for the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, War Department and Veterans' Administration. These data represent 58 percent of total Federal expenditures, excluding debt retirement. * * *"

10. Whereas the percentage of Federal expenditures to percentage income in fiscal year 1949 was 64 percent for the 4 Northern States, the percentage was 153 percent, or almost 21, times as great, for the Southern States. A similar comparison for Federal loans closed yields even more favorable results for the South; in fact, the southern ratio is almost four times as great as the northern ratio for Federal loans closed relative to the proportion of incomes. For New York and Connecticut, with percentage of expenditures to percentage of income 54 and 53 percent, the percentage of Federal expenditures in these States relative to incomes, was only one-third as much as that of the 5 southern industrial States.

* Bureau of the Budget staff memorandum, Nov. 10, 1955, Tabulation of Federal Expenditures, Receipts * *, p. 3.

Selected Federal expenditures, loans closed, and loans insured, fiscal 1939

(In thousands of dollars)

State

Expendi-
tures 1

Loans closed 2

Loans insured 3

Alabama
Arizona.
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut.
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida.
Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois
Indiana..
Iowa.
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine..
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Mississippi
Missouri.
Montana..
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New Mexico
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin.
Wyoming-

Total, United States

102, 067 39, 844 94, 116 305, 235 77, 133 53, 738

9, 716 81, 900 67, 218 105, 386

36, 636 322, 951 138, 823 98, 318 82, 026 94, 644 99, 740 25, 595 49, 558 187, 532 210, 430 127, 340

98, 794 164, 941 60, 864 71, 440 13, 026 18, 018 136, 616

38,815 440, 012 92, 125 48, 619 324, 974 114.812

58, 822 346, 612 26, 527 78, 585 49, 987 87,067 253, 304 32, 883 15, 961 71, 504 125, 114

61, 375 127, 706 26, 713

37, 179

9, 053 54, 606 96, 059 15, 570 5, 680

471 4, 294 19, 825 44. 714 20, 079 108, 082 26, 722 98, 315 22, 911 17, 456 32, 727 4, 210 9, 590 22, 948 28, 424 36, 134 58, 509 31, 645 28, 267 40, 306 3, 440 5, 026 31, 082

9, 564 77, 319 23, 296 11, 985 32, 709 29, 757 21,989 35, 636

3. 066 19, 222 14, 744 40, 050 121, 874

7, 319 4, 818 10, 130 24, 058

5, 614 21, 892 8, 230

7, 308 4, 707

3, 590 167, 294

7, 665 9, 408 1, 627 3, 884 22, 376 12, 847

3, 015 58, 928 27, 014 7, 935 9,051 8,828 9, 688 1, 998 13, 751 11, 297 77, 573 12, 451

5, 647 19, 925 2, 050 5, 554 1, 596 1, 574 42, 511

2, 315 88, 546 7, 166

836 46, 307 13, 037

7, 635 46, 046 3, 951 4,938 1, 629 11, 752 47, 570 5, 093 1, 240 14, 916 20, 795

6, 584 11, 480 3, 159

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1 Includes expenditures for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, the Farm Security Adminis. tration, the Soil Conservation Service, the land utilization program, agricultural experiment stations, agricultural extension work, colleges for agricultural and mechanical arts, forest funds, forest roads, the Public Roads Administration, the Civil Conservation Corps, Indian service work, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Public Buildings Administration, the Public Works Administration, the Work Projects Administration, the National Youth Administration, the Social Security Act, rivers, harbors and flood-control programs Mineral Lease Act payments, vocational education and rehabilitation, the U. s. Employment Service, State marine schools, Federal Water Power Act payments, State homes for disabled soldiers and sailors, the National Guard, the Veterans' Administration, and the value of surplus agricultural commodities distributed.

Includes loans closed by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, the Farm Credit Administration, the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Farm Security Administration, the farm tenant-purchase program, the Rural Electrification Administration, the Public Works Administration, the Disaster Loan Corpora. tion, the Federal Reserve Board, the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, and the U. S. Housing Authority.

3 Includes loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration under title I and title II.

• Aside from rounding error, the detail should add to this total; it is for the continental United States, excluding United States Territories.

Sources: See text.

11. In the next table, we compare the totals for the United States, New England. the Southern States, and the East South Central States. The same general results are revealed. Thus, New England with 8.2 percent of the Nation's income received but 6.1 percent of the Federal expenditures ; 3.3 percent of the loans closed ; and 3.2 percent of the loans insured. But compare, for example, the East South Central States: they accounted for 4 percent of income, 7.1 percent of expenditures. 10 percent of loans closed, but only 3.7 percent of loans insured. (The small number of large cities in this region explains in part the low percentage for the last.)

12. Finally. note that the 10 richest States with 13.5 percent of the income. accounted for 28.6 percent of Federal expenditures; the 10 poorest States, with 9.6 percent of the income, accounted for 17.8 percent of the expenditures. These rich States are largely the industrial States of the Northeast and North Central; and they account for Federal receipts equal to one-third relative to income (and even less relative to taxes) as compared with the 10 poorest States.

Selected Federal expenditures, loans closed, and loans insured, fiscal 1939, Nero

England, South Atlantic and East-South Central States

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1 Includes expenditures for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, the Farm Security Adminis. tration, the Soil Conservation Service, the land utilization program, agricultural experiment stations, agricultural extension work, colleges for agricultural and mechanical arts, forest funds, forest roads, the Public Roads Administration, the Civil Conservation Corps, Indian service work, the Bureau of Reclamation. the Public Buildings Administration, the Public Works Administration, the Works Projects Administrz. tion, the National Youth Administration, the Social Security Act, rivers, harbors and flood-control programs Mineral Lease Act payments, vocational education and rehabilitation, the U. S. Employment Service, State marine schools, Federal Water Power Act payments, State homes for disabled soldiers and sailors, the National Guard, the Veterans' Administration, and ihe value of surplus agricultural commodities distributed.

2 Includes loans closed by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, the Farm Credit Administration, the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Farm Security Administration, the farm tenant-purchase program. the Rural Electrification Administration, the Public Works Administration, the Disaster Loan Corpora tion, the Federal Reserve Board, the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, and the U. S. Housing Authority.

3 Includes loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration under title I and title II.

• Aside from rounding error, the detail should add to this total; it is for the continental United States, excluding United States Territories.

Sources: See text.

1939: Federal expenditures, loans closed, and loans insured, 10 Northern and 10

Southern and Western States

13. In two final tables in this section, we compare tax burdens and Federal expenditures, loans closed, and loans insured. Again, the rich Northern States experience losses relative to Southern and Western competitors. Thus, here we compare 10 Northern and 10 Southern and Western States.

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14. This table suggests that the 10 Southern and Western States profited from Federal disbursements almost 512 times as large relative to tax burdens as the 10 Northern States. The latter States received back amounts equal to about 60 percent of the taxes borne. In loans closed, the Southern and Western States received 10 times as much relative to taxes borne as the Northern States. But in loans insured the relative total was but 142 times that of the Northern States.

Federal tax payments and Federal expenditures, loans closed, and loans insured

per $1,000 of taxes paid, fiscal 1939

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Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware
District of Columbia.
Florida.
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois.
Indiana
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan.
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Utah
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming

40, 293 14, 839 25, 261 410, 579

42, 207 123, 017 39, 875 51, 866 81, 869 58. 360

12, 405 410, 926 102, 132 67, 967 41, 918 54, 106 55, 925 33, 595 100, 104 246, 797 226, 802 104, 504

21, 526 135, 085

19, 881 36, 332

8, 668 20, 297 236, 584

10, 289 1,073, 603

66, 713

12, 863 306, 565 52, 158 37, 345 473, 808 42. 072 26, 310 12. 660 51, 881 197, 106 13, 825 11, 990 70, 433 65, 775 41, 805 115, 887

8, 387

2, 533. 12
2, 685. 09
3, 725. 74

743. 43
1, 827. 49

436.83

243. 66 1, 579.07

821.04 1, 805. 79 2, 953. 33

785. 91 1, 359. 25 1, 446. 55 1, 956. 82 1, 749.23 1, 783. 46

761.87 495. 07 759. 86

927. 81 1, 218. 52 4, 589, 52 1. 221. 02 3, 061. 42 1, 966. 31 1, 502. 77

887. 72

577. 45 3, 772. 48

409. 8.5 1, 380, 29 3, 779. 76 1, 060. 05 2, 201, 23 1, 575. 10

731. 55

630. 51 2, 986.89 3, 948. 42 1, 678. 21 1, 285. 12 2, 378. 52 1, 331. 19 1, 015. 21 1, 902.15 1, 468. 13 1, 101.99 3, 185. 05

922. 72

610.09
2, 161.67

233. 96
368. 90
46. 17
11.81
82. 79
242.16

766. 18
1,618.62

263. 02

261. 64 1, 446. 51

546, 57 322. 63 585. 19 125. 32 95.80 92. 98 125. 33

345.77 2, 718.06

234.04
1. 421.81
1. 109. 38

396. 86
247. 62
131. 38
929. 54

72. 02
349. 04
931. 74
106. 70
570, 52
588.81
75. 21
72.88
730. 60
1, 164. 61

771.96 618, 32 529. 40 401.83 143. 82 365. 76 134. 29 188. 91 981. 28

181.37 317.20 142. 12 407. 46 181. 60 76. 48 40. SO 74. N 273. 31 220. 13 243.05 143. 40 304 50 116.75 215. 92 163 16 173. 13

59. 47 137. 37

45.77 342 03 119. 14 262.33 147.50 103. 11 15287 184.13

77.55 179.09 225 00

82 48 107, 37

64. 99 151.05 249.95 204, 45 97.18 93 91 187.69 12 22.5 243. 34 365. 39 103. 42 211. 78 316. 18 157. 49

9906 376.65

Total United States 4

5, 515, 225

978. 23

260.48

164. 29

1 Includes expenditures for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, the Farm Security Adminis. tration, the Soil Conservation Service, the land utilization program, agricultural experiment stations, agri. cultural extension work, colleges for agricultural and mechanical arts, forest funds, forest roads, the Public Roads Administration, the Civil Conservation Corps, Indian service work, the Bureau of Reclaination, the Public Buildings Administration, the Public Works Administration, the Work Projects Administra tion, the National Youth Administration, the Social Security Act, rivers, harbors and flood-control programs, Mineral Lease Act payments, vocational education and rehabilitation, the U. S. Employinent Service, State marine schools, Federal Water Power Act payments, State homes for disabled soldiers and sailors, the National Guard, the Veterans' Administration, and the value of surplus agricultural commodities distributed.

? Includes loans closed by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, the Farm Credit Administration, the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Farm Security Administration, the farm tenant-purchase program, the Rural Electrification Administration, the Public Works Administration, the Disaster Loan Corporation, the Federal Reserve Board, the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, and the U. S. Housing Authority.

3 Includes loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration under title I and title II.

- Aside from rounding error, the detail should add to this total; it is for the continental United States excluding United States Territories.

Sources: See text.

1939: Taxes borne and Federal disbursements

15. Finally, I come to a breakdown for 1939 of Federal tax incidence and value, per thousand dollars of taxes paid, of expenditures, loans closed, and loans insured for New England, for the South Atlantic, and for the East South

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