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VI. AUTHORITY

The Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950, as amended (particularly sec. 201, 50 U. S. C. App. Supp. 2281) ; Executive Orders 10346 and 10427, dated April 17, 1952, and January 16, 1953, respectively.

VII. RESCISSION

Advisory Bulletin 125, dated September 4, 1952, is hereby rescinded.

VAL PETERSON, Administrator.

FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE ADMINISTRATION

Washington 25, D. C.
ADVISORY BULLETIN

No. 169 May 28, 1954

To: State and local civil defense directors.
Subject: Small watercraft organization for emergency purposes.

I. PURPOSE

The purpose of this advisory bulletin is to transmit the joint FCDA-United States Coast Guard plan for the organization of privately owned small watercraft for civil defense emergency purposes.

II. EXPLANATION In June of 1953 the Administrator, FCDA and the commandant United States Coast Guard, signed a memorandum of understanding (a copy of which was furnished with Advisory Bulletin 143) in regard to the development of a plan for the use of small watercraft in an emergency. This plan has been developed by and between the Transportation Office, FCDA and the Program Analysis Division, United States Coast Guard, in accordance with the aforementioned memorandum of understanding.

III. REQUIRED ACTION

It is proposed that the State director of civil defense in those States which have port areas and/or navigable rivers or navigable bodies of water, instruct the State civil defense transportation officer to establish a working committee of the civil defense transportation officers and representatives of the United States Coast Guard, the United States Army, and the United States Navy for the collective purpose of implementing the plan.

IV. INTENTION

As this plan is intended to result in a coordinated and cooperative effort, it is requested that States and/or local areas bordering on the same body of water appoint one overall group in the harbor and harbor approach areas as the planning and operating group for the entire area.

V. DISTRIBUTION The United States Coast Guard will effect distribution of identical advice to Coast Guard installations.

VI. INQUIRIES Inquiries concerning this plan should be addressed to the FCDA regional office, attention of the transportation officer.

VAL PETERSON, Administrator.

EMERGENCY OPERATIONS BY PRIVATELY OWNED SMALL CRAFT IN TIME OF CIVIL

DEFENSE EMERGENCIES

PURPOSE

To prepare for the use of privately owned small craft and marine facilities in mobilization and/or target and support areas, by the prior enrollment and indoctrination of suitable volunteers in order to make effective use of small-craft resources in time of civil-defense emergency caused by enemy attack or natural disaster.

SITUATION

(a) In case of an emergency, the services of each and every privately owned small craft still in existence with operating personnel will be essential for use in the vast rescue and servicing operations required under emergency conditions. Such craft will require centralized coordination and the logistic services of marine shore facilities suitably organized and prepared to operate as emergency bases. This requires extensive planning and a carefully considered program for the enrollment of privately owned small craft and marine shore facilities for their operation under disaster conditions.

(b) A program to provide for these requirements in coastal port areas, Great Lakes, and inland water port and harbor areas should be developed through discussions between appropriate representatives of Civil Defense and of the Army, Navy, and Coast Guard located in the area.

(c) Local plans and preparations should be developed by Civil Defense (1) to enroll, organize, and train a motorboat corps and (2) to establish service and supply suitable bases. It is recommended that through the Coast Guard, the assistance of the Coast Guard Auxiliary be utilized to assist in enrolling and training the small craft corps.

(d) Within spheres of Coast Guard activities all civilian small-boat operations shall be under Coast Guard control during periods of civil-defense emergency or natural disasters. The spheres of Coast Guard activities are understood to be the statutory responsibilities with which the Coast Guard is charged in the areas of normal Coast Guard establishment and operation or such other areas in which the Coast Guard may be called upon to serve. Civil Defense small-boat forces may be used to augment the Coast Guard in any disaster area, but the operational direction of all such forces in such an area shall be under the Coast Guard. Operational plans should be developed jointly between Civil Defense and the Coast Guard to insure the responsibilities of both the Coast Guard and Civil Defense are carried out.

(e) Many of our harbor areas include a number of political subdivisions, intra. state and interstate, each of which have their own civil-defense offices and organizations. For the purpose of coordination, the civil-defense regional and/or civil-defense State oflice or offices will designate one operating organization capable of effecting small-boat transportation requirements of all civil-defense organizations within the harbor and harbor approach areas. The Coast Guard district commander or his designee will represent the Coast Guard in planning with the designated operating organization.

ENROLLMENT PLAN (a) Personnel eligible for enrollment are:

1. Those connected with small craft marine facilities.
2. Owners of small craft and their designated representatives."
3. Members of area yacht clubs.

4. Members of the United States power squadrons and similar organizations.

(Members of the Coast Guard Auxiliary should not be considered avail. able for enrollment in the civil-defense organization because of their statu

tory status with the Coast Guard.) (6) Applications should be made available to all personnel who are eligible as above. Forms and information relative to enrollment should be made obtainable at any civil-defense office in the area or through the Coast Guard Auxiliary.

1 A designated representative is an individual considered by the owner to be competent to operate his vessel and who, at the time of an emergency, may be authorized to operate

the vessel.

OPERATING PLAN

Conditions resulting from a natural disaster or enemy attack may vary from localized damage by conventional explosives or sabotage to major areas demolished and aflame from nuclear weapons with large numbers of the population dead and dying, communications and transportation arteries demolished, rescue and public facilities eliminated, dams and levees destroyed, permitting extensive flood damage. The various types and degrees of conditions and the number of personnel and facilities remaining and usable are so impossible to estimate that only a general plan of operation is possible.

For overall planning and requirements, set up a planning, development, and coordinating committee for the purpose of drafting the requirements of the small-boat plan for the harbor area. Under the direction of the committee, subcommittees shall be established for specific portions of the problem, such as:

(a) Harbor facilities survey. (b) Establishment of bases.

(c) Plan for utilization and operational requirements of marine facilities and other fixed shore installations.

(d) A plan for the utilization of existing communications.

(e) A subcommittee for the establishment of civil-defense operational liaison of all civil-defense organization in the area.

(f) Subcommittee on civil-defense logistical support for bases.

(g) Subcommittee on enrollment and relationship with established boat owner organizations.

Two essential factors of operational planning should be observed :

1. To plan for the orderly and centralized determination of the availability of craft.

2. To plan for a centralized system of operational control of such craft.

Individual control of small craft shall be vested in the Coast Guard ; therefore, the initial reporting should be direct to the appropriate Coast Guard command. Liaison between the Coast Guard and Civil Defense should be established at the level of the operational staffs of the heads of the Coast Guard and Civil Defense organizations in the emergency area.

OBJECTIVE

The objective is to make advance plans for the effective mobilization of available volunteers and small-craft resources under emergency conditions for coordinated operations under centralized direction and on an overall priority basis. The planning should include the designation of emergency bases to provide logistic support services to small craft operating during periods of civil-defense emergency. The designated emergency bases should be going concerns, ready at all times to perform their logistic services if and where an emergency arises.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF INDIVIDUALS

Responsibilities of personnel enrolling for the operation of small craft: (a) Preattack

Become familiar with location and facilities of the emergency bases in the area. Become familiar with standard operating procedures.

Become familiar with communications modes and signals. (0) Attack

Self-preservation in accordance with recommended practices contained in the official United States Government booklet Survival Under Atomic Attack. (c) Postattack

If possible and practicable, proceed with vessel and pickup crew to the nearest emergency base which appears to be operational.

If vessel is in operating condition but for any reason owner and/or his designated representative cannot proceed, delegate job if possible to some other trusted person.

Carry civil-defense identification card for assistance in passing through restricted areas, for obtaining fuel and supplies.

Bring whatever medical supplies, food and fire-fighting equipment as may be immediately available.

Assist Coast Guard and civil defense.

(d) Emergency other than attack conditions

Report the availability of your vessel to a designated person.

II. Responsibilities of personnel enrolling for operation of emergency bases: (a) Preattack

Become familiar with the postattack requirements and prepare to carry out the various functions. (6) Attack

Self-preservation in accordance with recommended practices contained in the official United States Government booklet Survival Under Atomic Attack. (c) Postattack

Organize available personnel to operate facility as small craft operating base, Decide who is to be in charge.

Make emergency repairs as necessary to get facility into operating condition.

When operational, place an approved sign or signal where it can be seen by approaching small craft, to indicate that center is prepared for civil-defense operation.

Initiate plan for traffic control and berth assignment to vessels reporting for duty.

Make aproximate inventory of fuel and other vital supplies available on facility. (d) Emergency other than attack conditions Report the availability of your facility to a designated person SUGGESTION FOR ENROLLMENT FORM FOR SMALL CRAFT MARINE FACILITIES

ENROLLMENT FOR VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION IN CIVIL DEFENSE FOR SERVICE IN THE

OPERATION OF SMALL CRAFT FACILITIES

Name,
Address---
Normally employed by--
Title---
Experience applicable to the operators of small craft facilities..

ACTIONS DESIRED OF VOLUNTEERS

Civil defense activities prior to time of an enemy attack

(1) Insure that all enrollees who own, manage, or are employed at designated small craft concentration points are familiar with methods of self-preservation during time of an atomic blast and with the activities desired following an enemy attack.

(2) Otherwise none except as desired in connection with other phases of the civil-defense program. Civil defense activities at time of an enemy attack

(1) Self-preservation in accordance with the practices recommended and described in Survival Under Atomic Attack, published by the United States Government Printing Office. A copy of this pamphlet will be forwarded to you. Civil defense activities immediately following an enemy attack

(1) Organize available personnel to operate facility as a small craft operating base. Decide who is to be in charge.

(2) Make emergency repair as necessary to get facility into operating condition.

(3) When operational place, where it can be seen by approaching small craft, a sign or signal of some kind to indicate center is prepared for civil-defense operation.

(4) Designate man to direct traffic and assign berths to vessels reporting for duty.

(5) Make approximate inventory of fuel and other vital supplies available on the facility.

(6) Establish system for recording fuel and supplies available on reporting vessels.

(7) Establish control system for issuance of fuel in accordance with civildefense priorities and for purpose of rationing and reimbursement.

In short, establish facility as a base for logistic support services to operating forces in a manner similar to that of a naval base or air station.

Assist Coast Guard and civil defense as possible.

SUGGESTION FOR ENROLLMENT FORM FOR SMALL CRAFT AND OWNER

ENROLLMENT OF SMALL CRAFT AND OWNER FOR VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION IN CIVIL

DEFENSE

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('iril defense activities prior to time of an enemy attack

1. Keep advised of location of designated small craft concentration points in

area.

2. Otherwise none except as desired in connection with other phases of the civil-defense program. Ciril defense activities at time of enemy attack

1. Self-preservation in accordance with instructions contained in civil-defense pamphlet Survival Under Atomic Attack which is available at your local civildefense office. Ciril defense activities immediately following an enemy attack

1. If possible and practicable pick up crew and proceed with vessel to the nearest designated concentration point which appears to be operational.

2. If vessel is in operating condition but for any reason owner or his designated representative cannot participate, he should delegate job if possible to some other trusted person.

3. Carry civil-defense identification card for assistance in passing through restricted area, obtaining fuel and supplies, etc.

4. Bring whatever medical supplies, food, and fire-fighting equipment as may be immediately available.

5. Assist Coast Guard and civil defense as possible. SUGGESTION FOR ENROLLMENT FORM FOR SMALL CRAFT (NONOWNER) OPERATORS

ENROLLMENT FOR VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION IN CIVIL DEFENSE OF SMALL CRAFT

OPERATOR WHO IS NOT OWNER OF A VESSEL WHICH HAS BEEN OFFERED FOR CIVIL DEFENSE PURPOSES

Name
Address...
Yacht affiliation : Yacht club_

USPS.

(ther. Experience (types of boats qualified to operate; knowledge of area and other pertinent information). Name of vessel, if designated, on which expected to serve.

The following is quoted from instructions to boatowner volunteers for information of volunteers who are not boatowners but who are qualified and desire to assist in vessel operations.

69096-56-pt. 1--11

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