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disaster declared major by the President of the United States, providing similar information. Specific liaison arrangements between the 2 field offices will be worked out in the field by the responsible officers of the 2 organizations. Approved :
J. H. CHAMBERS, Executive Assistant Administrator, Federal Civil Defense Administration.
R. T. SCHAEFFER,
American National Red Cross. MARCH 20, 1953.
SUPPLEMENT No. 2
SUPPLEMENT TO STATEMENT OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE
ADMINISTRATION AND THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS RELATING TO DISASTER
OPERATIONS UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10427 AND PUBLIC LAW 875 Subject: Utilization of Federal resources.
To implement the terms of the agreements negotiated between (1) Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross; (2) Federal Civil Defense Administration and the various Federal agencies; and (3) the vari. ous Federal agencies and the American National Red Cross, and to guide staff members of the various organizations in making effective their cooperative efforts during operations occasioned by natural disasters the following procedures have been agreed upon: 1. Use, by the American National Red Cross, of resources of Federal agencies
A. Section 4 of Public Law 875 authorizes Federal agencies to cooperate to the fullest extent possible with each other and with States and local governments, relief agencies, and the American National Red Cross in carrying out the purposes of the act. Under this authorization Federal agencies may distribute, through the American National Red Cross, such medicine, food, and other consumable supplies as are available to the particular Federal agency for such use under their own statutory authority and within their own appropriations.
B. The American National Red Cross, in carrying out its responsibilities, will provide emergency relief and rehabilitation assistance in disaster areas and will request such assistance of the various Federal agencies as they are authorized to provide and, in the determination of the American National Red Cross, are required. II. Coordinating responsibility of Federal Civil Defense Administration
A. Under the authority of Executive Order 10427 the action of Federal agencies in furnishing assistance requested by the American National Red Cross is subject to coordination of the Federal Civil Defense Administration.
B. In those instances where the President has declared a major disaster to exist under the terms of Public Law 875 it may be necessary, at times, to request Federal agencies to provide assistance to or through the American National Red Cross, beyond the capacity of the agency within its available funds. Such requests will be coordinated by the Federal Civil Defense Administration. III. Reimbursement for expenses incurred by Federal agencies in rendering as
sistance to the American National Red Cross A. Reimbursement may be made under authority of Public Law 875 by the Federal Civil Defense Administration to Federal agencies which have rendered assistance to the American National Red Cross by making available their supplies, equipment, and personnel when the supplies, equipment, and personnel bare been used in a disaster declared a major disaster by the President, and where the Federal agency involved has been authorized in advance by the Federal Civil Defense Administration to provide Federal assistance in the disaster area. Reimbursement may be made for: (1) items of equipment and supplies which were furnished by the Federal agency to the American National Red Cross and lost or damaged beyond economical repair and not returned; (2) repair or reconditioning of nonconsumable items returned; (3) necessary costs incident to packing and shipping such supplies and equipment to and from the disaster aren ; and (4) costs of Federal agency personnel whose services are utilized by the American National Red Cross in disaster operations, creating expenses which are in addition to the normal expenses of the Federal agency concerned.
B. The Federal agency authorized to receive such reimbursement will submit their request to the American National Red Cross upon completion of the disaster operation, for review and certification of the American National Red Cross as to the propriety and correctness of such charges. Upon completion of such review and certification by the American National Red Cross, the manually signed copy of such certification, together with the fully documented and certified request of the Federal agency requesting such reimbursement, will be forwarded by the Federal agency to the Federal Civil Defense Administration for consideration as to reimbursement to the Federal agency concerned under authority of Public Law 875. When, and if, such reimbursement is approved, Federal Civil Defense Administration will promptly advise the Federal agency involved, with simultaneous notification to the American National Red Cross. Approved :
J. M. CHAMBERS,
Federal Civil Defense Administration. Dated March 30, 1953.
R. T. SCHAEFFER,
American National Red Cross. Dated, April 1, 1953.
SUPPLEMENT No. 3
SUPPLEMENT TO STATEMENT OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE
ADMINISTRATION AND THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS RELATING TO DISASTER OPERATIONS UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10427 AND PUBLIC LAW 875
To implement the terms of the understanding negotiated between the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross, and to guide staff members of these two organizations in making effective their cooperative efforts during operations occasioned by natural disasters the following procedures have been agreed upon: I. Issuance of Information
A. It is recognized that in major disaster situations the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross have a responsibility to keep the public fully informed in relation to the disasters. This will require a prompt and full flow of facts and essential emergency instructions.
B. Every effort will be made by each party, consistent with the needs of the public, to insure that information officially disseminated by it will not react adversely upon the other.
C. So far as possible in giving information to the public regionally, within a State or community, the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross each will disseminate the same clarifying facts.
D. In any case where information given out by a third party is contrary to fact and interferes with disaster activities underway, a joint effort by the parties will be made to correct such information.
E. Direct liaison between the Public Information Department of the American National Red Cross and the Public Affairs Office of the Federal Civil Defense Administration will be maintained on a continuing basis, for the integration of public information activities at the time of a major disaster. The American National Red Cross will request its chapters, and Federal Civil Defense Administration will urge State and local civil-defense organizations, to establish similar liaison on public information matters. II. Criteria to be observed
A. The Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross will endeavor to insure that the public understands that Federal financial assistance to State and local governments under the provisions of Public Law 875, as amended, is restricted to work essential for the preservation of life and property, clearing debris and wreckage, making emergency repairs to and temporary replacement of essential public facilities damaged or destroyed in major disaster and the provision of temporary housing or other emergency shelter for families who, as a result of the disaster, require such housing or shelter.
B. The American National Red Cross will make every effort to insure that in all of its official releases from Washington or at the scene of the disaster
appropriate credit is given civil-defense organizations for such assistance as those organizations provide communities and individuals affected by the disaster. It will also request its chapters to follow this practice.
C. The Federal Civil Defense Administration will make every effort to insure that in all of its official releases at Washington or at the scene of the disaster appropriate credit is given the American National Red Cross for its relief activities in the disaster.
D. The FCDA and the American National Red Cross will indicate wherever appropriate that Federal assistance under Public Law 875 is no substitute for, nor does it duplicate, assistance provided by the American Red Cross.
H. L. AITKEN,
For VAL PETERSON, Administrator, Federal Civil Defense Administration. Dated August 10, 1953.
FRED A. WINFREY,
For E. ROLAND HARRIMAN.
President of the American National Red Cross. Dated August 10, 1953,
SUPPLEMENT NO. 4
SUPPLEMENT TO STATEMENT OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE
ADMINISTRATION AND THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS RELATIVE TO DISASTER OPERATIONS UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10427 AND PUBLIC LAW 875
In order to avoid possible misunderstanding and confusion in the field of welfare services in natural disasters, the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross have prepared this supplement to the basic understanding, dated February 6, 1953, relating to disaster operations under Executive Order 10427 and Public Law 875. This clarification of the responsibilities and understandings between the two organizations will be equally helpful to local civil defense directors and Red Cross chapter officers. Accordingly, the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross have agreed to the following: I. Mass care
The Red Cross is recognized as the agency responsible for providing mass care to persons immediately following a disaster. Such care is extended to all who apply and is given without family investigation or verification of resources. Such mass care may include one or more of the following services :
A. Provision of food at fixed or mobile feeding stations or other facilities.
B. Provision of emergency clothing to meet immediate needs, either through the utilization of serviceable donated garments or by giving the individually affected family an order for clothing on a local merchant of their choice. 0. Provision of emergency shelter for disaster victims by
(1) assisting them to find shelter with friends or relatives;
(4) providing mass shelter in public or private buildings declared by competent authorities to be safe and suitable for housing large numbers of people on a temporary basis; or
(5) providing tents for family occupancy. (In the interest of proper administrative control and efficient relief operations, the mass-care services listed above will be directed and paid for by the Red Cross and should not be duplicated by civil-defense groups.) II. Medical and nursing aid
The Red Cross cooperates with and assists local public-health officials, physicians, dentists, nurses, and hospitals in providing additional facilities to meet the emergency. Primary responsibility for the care of the sick and the injured rests with the public-health authorities and local physicians. Red Cross assistance may include the following services :
(1) transporting the injured ;
(2) providing additional physicians and nurses to supplement local hospital staffs;
(3) arranging for care in hospitals;
(4) establishing emergency medical stations and emergency hospitals;
(7) assigning nurses for bedside care in homes and hospitals. (The recruitment of nurses in time of disaster is a Red Cross responsibility. The Red Cross has an enrollment of over 30,000 nurses and is therefore able to meet the nursing needs of any disaster area quickly.) III. Warning, rescue, and evacuation
The Red Cross recognizes the primary responsibility of governmental authorities in warning, rescue, and evacuation. Coordinated plans for these purposes should be developed jointly by local-government officials, Red Cross chapters, civil-defense directors, and other interested agencies. The Red Cross will, at all times, be prepared to assist persons in a threatened or actual disaster area to reach places of refuge and in helping to move their personal belongings, including household furnishings, to points of safety. IV. Registration and information
The Red Cross assumes responsibility for maintaining on all disaster operations a registration and information office for
(1) registering the disaster sufferers and their needs;
(3) receiving and answering welfare inquiries.
This is the most costly phase of the Red Cross disaster-relief program, approximately 75 percent of the total disaster-relief costs being expended for family rehabiliation. This program includes:
(a) Food, clothing, and other maintenance;
(e) Supplies and equipment for occupational rehabilitation. This assistance is given on an individual family basis to those without sufficient resources to effect any or all of their own rehabilitation, VI. Temporary housing under Public Law 875
Public Law 107, 82d Congress, amends Public Law 875, 81st Congress, by authorizing the provision of “temporary housing or other emergency shelter, for families who, as a result of such major disaster, require such temporary housing or other emergency shelter." Public Law 875 stipulates that in providing assistance in time of major disaster:
“Federal agencies shall cooperate to the fullest extent possible with * American National Red Cross, but nothing contained in this Act shall be construed to limit or in any way affect the responsibilities of the American National Red Cross * * *"
The authority conferred by this amendment is therefore not a substitution for or a duplication of the emergency shelter provided by the Red Cross as described in item I (C) of this agreement. Public Law 107 becomes effective only in those disaster situations where there is an acute housing shortage and the need there. for cannot be met otherwise. All types of temporary housing provided under this amendment are intended for use for a limited period of time and not for permanent rehabilitation of disaster-affected families.
Prior to invoking the above authority, the FCDA and the American National Red Cross will work together in surveying the disaster-caused housing requirements and in verifying that available facilities are fully utilized. If there is still need for temporary housing after utilizing shelters made available through the Red Cross and other appropriate facilities, including those in nearby communities, the FCDA, under authority conferred by the amendment, will provide such housing in the following order:
(a) Housing surplus to the Federal Government, such as barrack-type structures ;
(6) Tents, to be requested from the military or obtained otherwise ;
(c) Trailer type or other emergency stop-gap housing. In assigning temporary housing which may be provided by FCDA, the Red Cross will cooperate by furnishing information concerning the housing needs of families registered with it.
VII. Utilization of local civil defense volunteers
In providing food, clothing, shelter, emergency medical assistance, and registration and information service, Red Cross chapters will utilize available locally enrolled civil defense volunteers so they may gain experience in natural disasters which may be helpful in carrying out their responsibilities in time of enemy attack. As part of their disaster planning, Red Cross chapter chairmen and local civil-defense directors should take whatever steps are necessary to help develop a clear-cut procedure for the use of such organized and trained volunteers. As Red Cross workers will serve under the leadership and direction of civil-defense authorities in enemy-caused disasters, so civil-defense volunteers assigned to the Red Cross in natural disasters will serve under Red Cross direction.
VIII. The Federal Civil Defense Administration and the American National Red Cross will indicate wherever appropriate that Federal assistance under Public Law 875 is no substitute for, nor does it duplicate, assistance provided by the American National Red Cross.
ERNEST E. HALL, (For Val Peterson, Administrator, Federal Civil Defense Administration.)
F. A. WINFREY, (For E. Roland Harriman, president of the American National Red Cross.) NOVEMBER 19, 1953.
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION,
AND WELFARE AND FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE ADMINISTRATION CONCERNING RESPONSIBILITIES IN DISASTER OPERATIONS OTHER THAN THOSE INDUCED BY ENEMY ATTACK
In recognition of the responsibilities and functions of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (hereinafter called the Department), and the authority and functions to be exercised by the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) under Executive Order No. 10427, and Public Law 875, 81st Congress, as amended, this memorandum of understanding has been agreed to and is published for the guidance and information of all concerned.
The purpose of this memorandum is :
1. To describe the responsibilities, functions, and practices of the Department for providing (a) required action under Federal law, (b) assistance to States upon their request (and through the States to local communities), and (c) benefits to individuals having established rights, in the alleviation of health hazards, suffering, and hardship caused by disasters other than those induced by enemy attack;
2. To facilitate the development of suitable plans and preparation by the Department to insure maximum ultilization of all its resources in such disasters, including any declared by the President to be major disaster, as defined in section 2 (a) of Public Law 875;
3. To describe the responsibilities of FCDA, as set forth in Executive Order 10427, in the coordination of Federal disaster assistance, and in plans and preparation therefor;
4. To outline procedures for additional disaster assistance by the Department, when authorized by FCDA pursuant to Executive Order 10427, and Public Law 875, and for reimbursement of the authorized additional expenses incurred under such circumstances; and
5. To provide adequate information and guidance to the regional and field personnel of both the Department and FCDA on the provisions of Public Law 875 and Executive Order No. 10427.
11. DISASTER RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT The Congress has stated its "intent * * * to provide an orderly and continuing means of assistance by the Federal Government to States and local governments in carrying out their responsibilities to alleviate suffering and damage resulting from major disasters * * *” (Public Law 875).
In addition, section 4 of Executive Order 10427 recognizes the necessity for all Federal agencies to act promptly in disaster situations, in conformity with their