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cluding public awareness activities), and utilization of the programs "Sesame Street" and "The Electric Company.” “Utilization" as used in Part II of this appendix includes activities and materials designed to enhance and reinforce the effectiveness of programs as used in formal and informal educational settings, including the development and implementation of a series of strategies in specific community settings which tap the energy and concern of parents, teachers, and others for using television as a positive force in educational development; and

(ii) The development of educational programs for parents as participants in early childhood education.

(b) Priority areas for all funding pursuant to Part II of this appendix for fiscal years subsequent to FY 1976 will be periodically published in the FEDERAL REGISTER.

3. Funding requirements and criteria. Contract awards will be made in funding areas determined pursuant to paragraph 2 above in accordance with the following requirements and criteria, except to the extent modified in specific requests for proposals:

(a) Need for the programming. Competing proposals will be judged as to the need for the programming proposed and its potential for providing an effective educational service. In applying this criterion, the Commissioner will consider whether the proposal is directed towards subject matter areas or target audiences with respect to which successful educational television programming is lacking in either quantity or quality. In order not to invest limited Federal resources in efforts which are duplicative of existing programming.

(b) Educational impact. The proposed programming must have a high probability that a substantial percentage of the potential target audience will achieve the learning objectives. Programming of a purely entertainment nature not supported by specific educational objectives will not be considered for support.

(c) Applicability of subject matter to television or radio. Television or radio must efficiently and effectively contribute to education of the target audience in the chosen subject matter area.

(d) Successful models or designs. The project must involve successful models or designs adaptable and applicable to the television or radio presentation format.

(e) Cost per potential viewer. Because of large production costs, television or radio must reach a sizable audience to be cost effective. An analysis of cost per potential viewer or listener will be a factor in determining the acceptability of proposals.

(f) Potential for self-support. One goal for any program (or series of programs) supported under this activity must be the ability to sustain the programming effort

beyond the long term plans and efforts to develop financial independence, as outlined in the proposal, will receive special consideration. Project support will not be precluded, however, due to inability to predict long term self-sufficiency. Self-support mechanisms should be addressed by the proposal and consideration given to all alternatives, immediate and long term.

(g) Project scope. Projects must integrate development, production, formative evaluation, dissemination (including public awareness activities), and utilization planning. Production can then make full use of the results of development and formative evaluation while providing the framework for specific dissemination, utilization, and evaluation following the production phase.

III. Career Education. Contracts will be awarded to carry out activities authorized by Part 160d of this chapter and for developing information needs for career education for all children and assessing the status of career education programs and practices. Specific requirements and criteria will be developed to govern individual contract awards. It is expected that contracts will focus on areas in which it is determined, based on funding activities in prior fiscal years, that there is a special need for carefully focused career education activities. (20 U.S.C. 1851-53)

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160a.24 Applications.

160a.25 Funding criteria.

160a.26 Review of applications.

160a.27 Amount of grant or contract. 160a.28 State review of local educational agency applications.

160a.29 Allowable costs.

AUTHORITY: Secs. 1-4, Special Projects Act and secs. 402(b) and 403 of the Education Amendments of 1974, Pub. L. 93-380, 88 Stat. 544-547 (20 U.S.C. 1851-1853, 18611862).

SOURCE: 41 FR 16768, Apr. 21, 1976, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A-General

§ 160a.1 Purpose.

The purpose of the Metric Education Program conducted pursuant to this part is to encourage educational agencies and institutions to prepare students to use the revised metric system of measurement (as opposed to the customary system used in the United States), with ease and facility as a part of the regular educational program as provided for in section 403 of the Education Amendments of 1974, Pub. L. 93-380, hereinafter called the "Act".

(20 U.S.C. 1862(a)(2))

§ 160a.2 Program objectives.

The objectives of the Metric Education Program under this part, more than one of which may be met by a single project, are as follows:

(a) To increase measurably the number of elementary and secondary school teachers and students (as well as parents and other adults) who are able to use the revised metric system;

(b) To provide for the development or further testing of promising metric education program models which possess potential for responding to the metric educational needs of students;

(c) To increase measurably the number of educational personnel who are qualified to teach the metric system of measurements through preservice or inservice education programs;

(d) To establish or increase interstate and/or interagency cooperation for the purposes of developing and expanding metric education programs;

(e) To develop and provide technical assistance to enhance and ensure the quality of teacher-learner experiences in metric education;

(f) To develop Statewide or multiState metric educational planning efforts designed to enhance or expand the metric education experience available to teachers, students, parents and other adults; and

(g) To support other public and private non-profit agencies, organizations, and institutions, in their efforts to develop and enhance the quality of the Metric Education Program for students at all levels.

(20 U.S.C. 1851-1862)

§ 160a.3 Definitions.

For the purpose of this part the following definitions shall apply:

"Academic year" means a period of time, usually eight (8) or nine (9) months, during which a full-time student would normally be expected to complete the equivalent of two semesters, two trimesters, three quarters or 900 clock hours of instruction.

"Accountability factors" means measurable activities which may be used to determine the degree of success of the program effort.

"Act" means section 403 of the Education Amendments of 1974, Pub. L. 93-380 (20 U.S.C. 1862) which authorizes the Metric Education Program.

"Customary system" means the system of measurement unit (yard, pound, second, degree Fahrenheit, and units derived from these) most commonly used in the United States, often referred to as the "English system" or the "U.S. system". This system is derived from but not identical to the Imperial system used in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries.

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candela (luminous intensity), as established in 1960 by the General Conference on Weights and Measures under the Treaty of the Meter. A seventh base unit, the mole (for amount of substance) is being considered as another (SI) base unit. The radian (plane angle) and the steradian (solid angle) are supplemental units of the system.

"Local educational agency" means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State, or such combination of school districts or counties as is recognized in a State as administrative agencies for the State's public elementary or secondary schools. The term also includes any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary or secondary school.

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

"Metric Education Program" is the short or popular name for the Education for the Use of the Metric System of Measurement Program.

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

"Metric system" means the measurement system that commonly uses the meter for length, the kilogram for mass, the second for time, the degree Celsius (same as "Centigrade") for temperature, and units derived from these. This system has evolved over the years and the modernized version today is identified as the "International System of Units", which is abbreviated (SI).

"Performance oriented approaches" means educational approaches wherein students will be involved in a sequence of problem solving activities, the solutions to which will require the utilization of concrete examples.

"(SI)" is the abbreviation for the modernized metric system, otherwise known as the International System of Units (Le Systeme International d'Unites).

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

"State educational agency" means the State board of education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary and secondary schools, or, if there is no such agency, an officer or agency designated by the Governor or by State law.

"Program impact potential" means the degree to which a program may be adopted, expanded and/or replicated by other educational entities.

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

§ 160a.4 General Provisions.

Assistance provided under this part is subject to applicable provisions contained in Subchapter A of this chapter, 45 CFR Parts 100, 100a, Appendices A-D (relating to fiscal, administrative, property management, and other matters), and to part 160 of this chapter. Procurement contracts awarded pursuant to this Part will be subject to 41 CFR Chapters 1 and 3. (20 U.S.C. 1862)

§ 160a.5 International System of Units.

The International System of Units published by the National Bureau of Standards of the Commerce Department in the FEDERAL REGISTER, for June 19, 1975, 40 FR 25837, shall be used by recipients of Federal assistance under the Act for purposes of implementing the program. All references to the Metric System in this part will mean the International System of Units as published and amended by the National Bureau of Standards.

(20 U.S.C. 1862(a)(3))

Subpart B-Eligible Applicants; Authorized Activities; Duration of Projects

§ 160a.11 Applicant eligibility.

The Commissioner may make grants to and contracts with institutions of higher education, State and local educational agencies, and other public and private non-profit organizations, institutions and agencies, to develop and carry out the policy set forth in the Act.

(20 U.S.C. 1862(b)(2))

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(a) Description. School-based projects will respond to the metric educational needs of elementary and secondary students and teachers as well as parents and other adults. School based interdisciplinary projects may use innovative techniques and educational television.

(b) Requirements. Applicants for school-based interdisciplinary grants or contracts will be those agencies which develop and provide local programs of instruction for the general elementary and secondary student population. All projects funded under this category of metric education grants or contracts will provide:

(1) Interdisciplinary curricular experiences in metric education which will foster the acquisition of skills in the use of the metric system of measurement;

(2) In-service teacher development in the area of metric education where necessary to accomplish in paragraph (b) (1) of this section;

(3) A precisely described multiplier strategy which will insure maximum metric education training opportunities to as many teachers, students, parents and other adults (for example, participant teachers, students, and adults teaching non-participating teachers, students, and adults skills for metric education);

(4) Metric education opportunities for parents and other adults so as to reinforce activities required under § 160a.13(b) (1), (2) and (3);

(5) Adequate proof that, if the applicant is a local educational agency, the State educational agency has been notified of the application and has been given a reasonable opportunity to

offer recommendations with respect to the approval thereof, in compliance with section 403(c)(2) of the Act;

(6) Indication that the diverse learning styles of gifted as well as less facile learners have been considered; and

(7) Opportunity for bilingual instruction where significantly critical to program effectiveness.

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

§ 160a.14 Teacher development.

(a) Description. Eligible applicants under this category of grants or contracts shall, through a planned sequence of experience-based instructions, focus on the in-service and/or pre-service development of teachers, teacher trainers, and instructional leaders, for example, instructional supervisors.

(b) Requirements for teacher development projects. Eligible teacher training institutions or other authorized applicants under this category of grants or contracts shall satisfy the following requirements:

(1) The program strategy shall be a planned sequence of instruction so as to enhance the teacher's skills in using the metric system where appropriate;

(2) The metric program shall stress the effective teaching of parents and adults in the metric system;

(3) The teacher development curriculum shall respond to anticipated changes in State requirements for teacher certification;

(4) The interdisciplinary teacher developmental experiences shall provide for the teacher's acquisition of metric educational teaching skills to meet the educational needs of both the gifted as well as the less facile learner with an emphasis on bilingualism where the nature of the student population warrants such;

(5) The project shall provide for special strategies, such as the development of individualized instruction, for students with diverse learning styles;

(6) The project shall precisely describe the specific strategy for project participating teachers, students, and adults teaching other non-participating fellow teachers, students, and adults; and

(7) The project shall provide a schedule of events to emphasize and il

lustrate the realization of project goals and objectives.

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

§ 160a.15 State and multi-State cooperative metric education planning.

(a) Grants or contracts provided under this category of the Metric Education Program shall support statewide educational program planning and development. Grantees or contractors shall focus on the evolution of a master plan for a statewide or cooperatively developed multi-State metric education program which emphasizes the acquisition of skills in the use of the metric system of measurement. Grantees and contractors may utilize educational television and the print media to accomplish the objectives of this section.

(b) Grantees and contractors, for purposes of short-term and long-range metric education planning, or to expand promising and effective programs currently underway, may enter into cooperative arrangements with other such eligible applicants to apply for funds under this section. (45 CFR 100a.19)

(c) When an application is submitted by several cooperating agencies, it may include a composite budget reflecting cost allocations for each of the several cooperating applicant agencies' proposed activities to be funded by the grant in an academic year.

(d) When the application is for a cooperative multi-State arrangement, one State shall be designated to serve as the fiscal agent for the planned multi-State cooperative metric education project but all shall be jointly and severally legally responsible for administering the project assisted under the metric education grant or contract.

(20 U.S.C. 1221c(b)(1), 1232c(b)(1))

(e) The project shall include a schedule of events designed to emphasize or illustrate the realization of stated project goals and objectives.

(f) The project shall provide detailed plans for developing a statewide (or multi-State) master plan for metric education with specific detailed implications for:

(1) Staff development;

(2) Interdisciplinary curriculum development;

(3) State teacher certification; (4) Textbook adaptation;

(5) Parent and adult metric education;

(6) Bilingual elements where essential for program success; and

(7) Other diverse learning styles.

(g) The application shall provide a descriptive statement of pending and existing State legislative or State educational policy developments with implications for metric education.

(h) Multi-State applications shall provide letters of commitment, signed by the appropriate official(s) from each of the cooperating States.

(20 U.S.C. 1862)

§ 160a.16 National metric education technical support.

(a) Description. Contracts awarded pursuant to this section shall support an effective national technical support program to serve State and cooperative multi-State metric education planning projects; school-based demonstration and pilot metric education planning projects, inservice and pre-service teacher development models for metric education; and to identify and dispatch metric education experts to agencies which are developing and implementing metric educational programs in response to stated needs; and where deemed appropriate, the development of mobile metric instructional laboratories. To ensure consistency of program thrust, orientation, modes of accountability, and to facilitate fiscal responsibility and effective services management, the technical assistance efforts will be national in scope. It is assumed, therefore, that a limited number of applications, possibly only one, will be funded for national metric education technical support.

(b) Requirements. Applicants for this type of grant or contract shall:

(1) Possess the capacity to provide technical assistance for program development, expansion, and implementation on a large scale;

(2) Assist in staff development;

(3) Possess a potential for directing media development;

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