Poverty in America: A Handbook
University of California Press, 2003 - 206 pages
Poverty may have always been with us, but it hasn't always been the same. In an in-depth look at trends, patterns, and causes of poverty in the United States, John Iceland combines the latest statistical information, historical data, and social scientific theory to provide a comprehensive picture of poverty in America—a picture that shows how poverty is measured and understood and how this has changed over time, as well as how public policies have grappled with poverty as a political issue and an economic reality.
Why does poverty remain so pervasive? Is it unavoidable? Are people from particular racial or ethnic backgrounds or family types inevitably more likely to be poor? What can we expect over the next few years? What are the limits of policy? These are just a few of the questions this book addresses. In a remarkably concise, readable, and accessible format, Iceland explores what the statistics and the historical record, along with most of the major works on poverty, tell us. At the same time, he advances arguments about the relative nature and structural causes of poverty—arguments that eloquently contest conventional wisdom about the links between individual failure, family breakdown, and poverty in America. At a time when the personal, political, social, and broader economic consequences of poverty are ever clearer and more pressing, the depth and breadth of understanding offered by this handbook should make it an essential resource and reference for all scholars, politicians, policymakers, and people of conscience in America.
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absolute poverty African Americans Amartya Sen basic blacks budget changes in family child poverty rates countries current official Current Population Survey Dalaker Danziger Danziger and Gottschalk declined discrimination economic growth economic inequality employment estimated Experimental Poverty Measures family income family structure female-headed families Figure groups Hispanic household immigrants impact income growth income inequality increase IPUMS Katz labor market Latino Law to Welfare levels Lichter material hardship Measuring Poverty National Research Council nomic official measure official poverty measure official poverty rate overall people’s percent percentage points period Poor Law Poorhouse Poverty in America poverty line poverty measure poverty threshold programs racial and ethnic relative measure relative poverty measure relative poverty rates role Smeeding Social Security Social Stratification standards of living tion Trattner twentieth century U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Government Printing U.S. poverty Underclass United Urban wages Welfare Reform William Julius Wilson women workers