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CONTENTS

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Hearings held in Washington, D.C.:

October 24, 1973.

October 29, 1973.

Text of bills:

HR. 11010

H.R. 11011

Statement of -

Bechtel, William R., executive director, Wisconsin State Manpower

Planning Council.
Briggs, Paul, superintendent of schools, Cleveland, Ohio; C. M. Law-

rence, chief, Bureau of Vocational and Adult Programs, Vocational,
Technical, and Adult Division, Florida Department of Education,
president, American Vocational Association; and Lowell A. Burkett,

executive director, American Vocational Association.

Cappiello, Hon. Steve, mayor, Hoboken, N.J.

Caso, Ralph G., county executive, Nassau County, N. Y

Kolberg, William, Assistant Secretary for Manpower, U.S. Depart-

ment of Labor accompanied by William Hewitt, Associate Man-

power Administrator for Policy, Evaluation, and Research.

Peterson, Martin, executive assistant to Gov. Cecil D. Andrus, vice

chairman of the Human Resources Committee of the NGC, and

William Bechtel, representing Gov. Patrick J. Lucey, Governor of

Wisconsin

Young, Kenneth, assistant director, Department of Legislation, AFL-

CIO..

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.:

Anderson, Hon. Wendell R., Governor, State of Minnesota, telegram

from.

Askew, Hon. Reubin O'D., Governor, State of Florida, letter to

Chairman Daniels, dated October 26, 1973, enclosing Executive

Order No. 73-61..
Badillo, Hon. Herman, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York, letter to Chairman Daniels, dated October 26, 1973-
Bechtel, William R., executive director, Wisconsin State Manpower

Planning Council, statement on behalf of Hon. Patrick J. Lucey,

Governor of Wisconsin..

Benites, Joe R., national president, League of United Latin American

Citizens, Phoenix, Ariz., telegram from..

Bond, Hon. Christopher S., Governor, State of Missouri, letter to

Chairman Daniels, dated November 9, 1973-
Bowen, Otis R., M.D., Governor, State of Indiana, letter to Chairman

Daniels, dated October 30, 1973.

Brian, Earl W., secretary, Health and Welfare Agency, State of Cali-

fornia, telegram on behalf of the State administration.-

Briggs, Paul W., superintendent of schools, Cleveland, Ohio, state-

ment of.

Bumpers, Hon. Dale, Governor, State of Arkansas, letter to Chairman

Perkins, dated October 24, 1973.
Cahill, Hon. William T., Governor, State of New Jersey, statement by -
Carter, Hon. Jimmy, Governor, State of Georgia, letter to Chairman

Daniels, dated November 6, 1973..
Casanave, Henry C., Jr., national director, Public Service Careers/

Community Development, letter to Chairman Daniels, dated

November 8, 1973, enclosing position paper-
Christopher en, Charles A., chairman, Governor's Manpower Planning

Council, Richmond, Va., letter to Chairman Daniels, dated Oc-
tober 26, 1973, enclosing Recommendations on the Comprehensive
Manpower Act of 1973 by Governor Holton..

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Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.-Continued

Dawkins, Dr. Maurice A., national director, National Government and

Congressional Relations Service, Washington, D.C., letter to

Chairman Daniels, dated October 29, 1973-
Dunn, Hon. Winfield, Governor, State of Tennessee, telegram from.-
Evans, Hon. Daniel J., Governor, State of Washington, letter from...
Ford, Hon. Wendell, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, tele-

gram from..
Francois, Francis B., president, National Association of Regional

Councils, Washington, D.C., letter to Chairman Daniels, dated

November 2, 1973.
Gallegos, Antonio national chairman, The American GI Forum,

Pico Rivera, Calif., telegram from -
Galvan, Daniel, chairman, National Board of Directors and Ricardo

Zazueta, national director, Jobs for Progress, Inc., Los Angeles,
Calif., letter to Chairman Daniels, dated October 29, 1973, enclosing
language for H.R. 11010.
Harrington, Hon. Michael J., a Representative in Congress from the
State of Massachusetts, letter to Chairman Daniels, dated No-

mber 5, 1973.-.
Indian Development District of Arizona, statement of the--
Judge, Hon. Thomas L., Governor, State of Montana, telegram from.
Kneip, Hon. Richard F., Governor, State of South Dakota, telegram

to Senator George McGovern.

Link, Hon. Arthur A., Governor, State of North Dakota, telegram

from..

Mandel, Hon. Marvin, Governor, State of Maryland, letter to Chair-

man Daniels, dated November 7, 1973...
Orend, Frank, director, Southeast Tennessee Manpower Planning

Council, letter to Chairman Daniels, dated November 7, 1973 en-

closing resolution.-

Peterson, Martin L., executive director, Idaho State Human Re-

sources Development Council, statement on behalf of Hon. Cecil

D. Andrus, Governor of Idaho.

Rampton, Hon. Calvin L., Governor, State of Utah, letter to Chair-

man Perkins, dated October 2, 1973.-

Tribbitt, Hon. Sherman W., Governor, State of Delaware, telegram

from and

Vanderhoof, Hon. John D., Governor, State of Colorado, telegram

from

Walsh, Thomas P., executive, Education and Manpower Develop-

ment Committee, Chamber of Commerce of the United States,

statement of..

Young, Hon. Don, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Alaska, letter to Chairman Daniels, dated November 7, 1973, en-

closing telegram from Louis Riddle, director of education, State

of Alaska.

Young, Kenneth, assistant director, Department of Legislation,

American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organi-
zations, statement by-

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COMPREHENSIVE MANPOWER ACT OF 1973

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1973

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SELECT SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR
OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 2261, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Dominick V. Daniels (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Daniels, Gaydos, Esch, Steiger, Quie, and Peyser.

Staff present: Daniel H. Krivit, counsel; Joseph D. Alviani, associate counsel; Alexandra Kisla, clerk; Laura S. Wyman, research assistant; and Charles Radcliffe, counsel for the minority.

[Text of H.R. 11010 and H.R. 11011 follows:]

[H.R. 11010, 93d Cong., 1st sess.)

A BILL To assure opportunities for employment and training to unemployed and

underemployed persons Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Comprehensive Manpower Act of 1973”.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

Sec. 2. It is the purpose of this Act to promote maximum employment opportunities by establishing a flexible and decentralized system of State and local programs providing job training and employment opportunities for economically disadvantaged, unemployed, and underemployed persons.

TITLE I-COMPREHENSIVE MANPOWER SERVICES

DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM

SEC. 101. It is the purpose of this title to establish a program to provide comprehensive manpower services throughout the Nation. Such program shall include the development and creation of job opportunities and the training, education, and other services needed to enable individuals to secure and retain employment at their maximum capacity. Comprehensive manpower services may include, but shall not be limited to, programs and activities designed to carry out the purpose of this title, such as:

(1) Outreach to make persons aware of the availability of manpower services and persuade them to use such services.

(2) Assessment of the individual and his potential in the labor market and referral to appropriate employment, training, or other opportunities.

(3) Orientation, counseling, education, and institutional skill training to prepare the individual to enter the labor market or to qualify for more productive job opportunities.

(4) Training on the job.

(5) Payments or other inducements to public or private employers to expand job opportunities, but payments to employers organized for profit shall not exceed the difference between the costs of recruiting, training, and providing supportive services for low-income persons and those regularly employed.

(6) Services to individuals to enable them to retain employment.

(7) Payment of allowances to persons in training for which they receive no remuneration and payment of such allowances for transportation, subsistence, or other expenses incurred in participating in manpower services or employment as are necessary to enable the individual to participate therein.

(8) Supportive services to enable individuals to take advantage of employment opportunities, including necessary health and medical services, child care, residential support, assistance in securing bonds, or any other necessary assistance incident to employment, and any other service needed to participate in employment or manpower services.

(9) Development of information concerning the labor market and activities, such as job restructuring, to make it more responsive to objectives of the manpower services program.

(10) Any programs authorized by part I of title III of this Act, and (11) Transitional public service employment programs.

PRIME SPONSORS

SEC. 102. (a) The Secretary may make financial assistance available to a prime sponsor to enable him to carry out all or a substantial part of a comprehensive manpower program. A prime sponsor shall be

(1) A State ; or

(2) a unit of general local government which has a population of one hundred thousand or more persons on the basis of the most satisfactory current data available to the Secretary or which does not meet such population criteria and which has the largest population of a unit of general local government in the State;

(3) any combination of units of general local government which includes any unit of general local government qualifying under (2) above; and

(4) any unit or voluntary combination of units of general local government, without regard to population, in rural areas as determined by the Secretary which have substantial outmigration and high unemployment.

(b) (1) A State shall not qualify as a prime sponsor for any geographical area within the jurisdiction of any unit or combination of units of general local government described in paragraph (2), (3), or (4) unless such unit or combination of units has not submitted an approvable comprehensive manpower plan for such area.

(2) A unit of general local government shall not qualify as a prime sponsor with respect to any area within the jurisdiction of another eligible unit of general local government unless such smaller unit has not submitted an approvable comprehensive manpower plan for such arei.

(c) The Secretary may also designate as prime sponsors a limited number of existing concentrated employment program grantees serving rural areas having a high level of unemployment which have demonstrated special capabilities for carrying out programs in such areas.

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CONDITIONS FOR RECEIPT OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

Sec. 103. The Secretary shall not provide financial assistance for any fiscal year to a prime sponsor unless such sponsor

(1) submits a comprehensive manpower plan, in such detail as the Secretary deems necessary, which sets forth a comprehensive manpower program which meets the purpose of this title, including (A) a description of the services to be provided, (B) assurance that such services will be administered by or under the supervision of the prime sponsor, (C) a description of the geographical areas to be served under the plan, and (D) assures that to the maximum extent feasible manpower services will be provided to those most in need of them;

(2) certifies, in the case of prime sponsors who are recipients of funds under title II for the development of a public service employment program, that it is fully integrated with the services under this title in order to assure that persons employed in such a program are afforded a better opportunity to find regular employment not supported under this Act;

(3) (A) provides appropriate arrangements with community-based organizations serving the poverty community, and other special target groups for their participation in the planning of programs included in the plan; (B) provides for

utilizing, to the extent deemed appropriate by the prime sponsor, those services and facilities which are available, with or without reimbursement of the reasonable cost, from Federal, State, and local agencies, including, but not limited to, the State employment service, State vocational education and vocational rehabilitation agencies, area skills centers, local educational agencies, postsecondary training and education institutions, and community action agencies, but nothing contained herein shall be construed to limit the utilization of services and facilities of private agencies, institutions and organizations (such as private businesses, labor organizations, private employment agencies, and private educational and vocational institutions) which can, at comparable cost, provide substantiallyequivalent training or services or otherwise aid in reducing more quickly unemployment or current and prospective manpower shortages; (C) provides arrangements to the extent feasible for the coordination of services for which financial assistance is provided under programs administered by the Secretary of Labor relating to manpower and manpower-related services;

(4) provides for paying the allowances required by section 109;

(J) provides that any transitional public service employment programs meet the requirements of section 204 (b) and section 207;

(6) Certifies that it will comply with the provisions of this Act.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STATE PRIME SPONSORS

SEC. 104. (a) Any State seeking assistance under this Act shall submit a State comprehensive manpower plan to the Secretary for approval in accordance with the requirements of this section.

(b) The State comprehensive manpower plan shall in addition to meeting the requirements of section 103—

(1) provide satisfactory arrangements for serving all geographical areas under its jurisdiction except areas for which a plan submitted by another prime sponsor has been approved ;

(2) provide for the cooperation and participation of all State agencies providing manpower and manpower-related services in the implementation of comprehensive manpower services plans by prime sponsors in accordance with the provisions of this Act;

(3) set forth an overall State plan for the development and sharing of resources and facilities needed to conduct manpower programs under its direct sponsorship without unnecessary duplication and otherwise in the most efficient and economical manner;

(4) provide for the conduct of programs financed under the Wagner-Peyser Act in accordance with such rules, regulations, and guidelines as the Secretary determines necessary for the purpose of providing coordinated and comprehensive assistance to those individuals requiring manpower and manpower-related services to achieve their full occupational potential in accordance with the policies of this Act;

(5) make adequate provision for the cordination of the manpower and related services to be provided by the State in areas to be served by prime sponsors other than the State, and that provision has been made for the establishment of a mechanism to (A) provide for the exchange of information between States and local governments on State and regional planning in areas such as economic derelopment, human resource development, education, and such other areas that may be relevant to manpower planning; and (B) promote the coordination of all manpower plans in a State so as to eliminate conflict, duplication, and overlapping between manpower services.

(c) The prime sponsor shall annually certify compliance with all the requirements for State prime sponsors.

STATE MANPOWER SERVICES COUNCIL

Sec. 105. (a) (1) Any State which desires to be designated as a prime sponsor and to enter into arrangements with the Secretary under this title shall establish a Manpower Services Council (hereinafter referred to as the "Council") which shall exercise the powers and duties set forth in this section.

(2) The Council established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall

(A) be appointed by the Governor (who shall designate one member thereof to be Chairman), and shall be composed of—

(i) at least one representative of each unit or combination of units of general local government in such State which have a comprehensive manpower plan

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