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Each Can Help the Other, Governor James M. Cox.

How Dental Infections Reach Other Organs and Tissues, Dr. Victor C. Vaughn, President-elect of the American Medical Association.

Exact Knowledge and How it is Obtained, Dr. Edward C. Kirk, Dean and Editor.

The Relation of Dentistry to the Health of the People, Dr. E. F. McCampbell, Secretary Ohio State Board of Health.

The members of the Ohio State Board of Health and three members of the technical staff; the president-elect and the secretary of the Ohio State Medical Society and the news editor of their Journal, as well as several prominent physicians and laymen, were present upon investigation. This conference was stimulating to the dentists present and made a favorable impression with the invited guests.

Such a program will be a strong factor in bringing about a closer co-operation between the dental and medical professions and the interests that should be working in harmony. This feature has already been productive of much good. In addition to the interests heretofore mentioned it would be advisable to invite representatives of the educational forces, as well as representatives of the press. This will give all of these varied interests an opportunity to observe the progress that the dental profession has made and will undoubtedly give the representatives of the press a better understanding of our profession. In this way we will probably receive more favorable consideration from them in the way of properly directed and dignified publicity.

Do not understand that I wish to be too critical of the press, since it is fully appreciated that they are not wholly responsible for much of the unfavorable publicity that we see from time to time. They do not always receive the consid

eration due them in their efforts to secure correct information and in that way the profession is more or less responsible, and this rests more with the officers of a state society than with the individual members. The officers are the ones usually interviewed and it is important that they show due consideration to the representatives of the press and assist them, to the end that only dignified educational publicity results therefrom. A word of caution to the members may be in order, as they should not be too critical if the name of an officer or committeeman should appear in the press in connection with some phase of our work. If the press is not permitted to use their own ideas in presenting the news to the public, they become more or less disinterested and the result is unsatisfactory publicity.

We all must appreciate the influence of the combined forces heretofore mentioned, in moulding public opinion and it is very important to have our position clearly understood and to have it known that we are endeavoring in every possible way to advance our profession, which in its final analysis means better service for the laity. Then, our interest in an educational campaign will be better understood and appreciated. The medical and dental professions will have rendered their best service when they have de veloped an increased interest in prevention rather than cure. I am convinced that the time is not far distant when both will be held responsible for the presence and prevalence of many preventable diseases.

Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and possibly other societies, arranged similar programs for one evening at their last meetings and they have all been well pleased with the results. We believe that a society with a reasonably good membership and attendance can very profitably set aside one evening for such a meeting. This need not necessarily be an

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expensive arrangement since a dinner can be provided at a nominal cost, which need not exceed what the individual member would probably pay for a meal.

The newly elected officers of a state society should get together as soon possible after election and discuss a general policy for the year. Outline your plans so that you will work in harmony and not expend unnecessary energy or duplicate work which leads to more or less confusion. In state societies composed of component or district societies it will be of advantage for the president to attend as many such meetings as he can and delegate other officials when it is inconvenient for him to be present. This may bring about an increased interest where conditions are far from ideal.

In selecting commitees and arranging program details, all sections of the state shoud be given careful consideration, but it is of primary importance to ever bear in mind that qualifications for the duty assigned is the first requisite. The officers and committees are naturally responsible for the class of program presented and it will be in keeping with our progress to raise the standard of your program as fast as conditions will justify, but remember that in most societies there is a certain per cent of members whose interest may not be secured if the entire program is too scientific or technical. My suggestion would be to combine the scientific and practical and in this way interest may be better maintained and it will be possible to work up the scientific part of the program from year to year and have a stimulated cooperation among your members that could not be secured if the practical phase is too suddenly or entirely eliminated.

There are two extremes in preparing a program for a state society. One is that of depending wholly upon securing the essayists from other states and the

other is where a society depends entirely upon its own membership. We appreciate the fact that the arrangement of program details is a matter of local concern, but I am of the opinion that the best interest will be served, generally speaking, if the major portion of the program is contributed by your own members. Then, supplement this with the highest type essayists that you can secure, regardless of location. In addition to this, and in order to stimulate a closer co-operation with the medical profession, it is recommended that at least one physician be invited to present some subject of mutual interest.

The plan adopted by a number of societies in presenting what they term a "Post Graduate Course,” at their annual meetings, is a commendable one and from reports where such courses have been conducted is would seem that these have stimulated an increased interest in the profession and undoubtedly have been of positive benefit to the individual member.

The “Progressive Clinic” is a recent feature and is to be highly commended, but when possible it would seem advisable to have the clinical program divided into two sections, progressive and general, similar to that arranged for this meeting. My reason for suggesting this, as well as for the utilization of local men as contributors to your program, is that all of this will tend to develop clinicians and essayists and this feature should not be neglected.

There is another phase of our meetings which should receive careful consideration and that is the question of securing and maintaining the co-operation of exhibitors. In my opinion a good exhibit is one of the attractive features of our meetings and affords an opportunity for members from smaller localities to observe the improvement from year to year, in equipment, instruments, supplies, etc. In my experience with various meetings I have usually found the exhibitors anxious to co-operate and very distinctly recall the personal interest taken by several representatives of different firms in assisting in developing an increased interest in the Ohio State Society when a good word from these men counted for much. I am quite certain that the exhibitors are willing to assume their rightful position in connection with our meetings, which is a secondary one, and that they are further willing to contribute liberally for the privilege of exhibiting.

We all understand that indirectly the profession finally pays this expense, but even if this is so the member and nonmember contribute alike. The receipts from exhibit space very materially ail in paying the necessary expense of our meetings and there is no question that a good exhibit is the controlling iniluence that prompts a certain per cent to attend meetings. The society and exhibitor can be of mutual benefit and their relations should be fully understood and appreciated. It is not a good policy to charge exhorbitant rates for space as this will certainly react. The value of such space to the exhibitor depends more or less upon the number in attendance as well as the general arrangements for holding sessions and the location of exhibits.

The success of our future dental meetings will depend upon the officers and committees giving due consideration to the points herein mentioned and I believe some of these can be advantageously combined. The one important thing, which I consider very essential, is that those selected as officers shall possess proper qualifications and shall only accept their promotion as an opportunity to serve their profession and at the same time render a service to humanity.

In conclusion, I quote from my address of yesterday, which would seem to be especially appropriate on this occasion:

The maximum strength of our National Dental Association is wholly dependent upon the state societies as constituent members thereof, and in many instances this automatically reverts to the component societies of the state organizations. The development of this maximum strength makes possible the conserving of those professional ideals which are worthy of retention! the advancing of our standards in order to keep pace with healthy

progress;

the encoura ng and supporting of officers, committees, and those who contribute to our programs, as well as those qualified to do scientific research work; the fostering of the fraternal spirit, and the broadening of the individual. All of these are things worth while and only made possible thru efficient and weil managed organizations. You officers, more than all others, will be held responsible for the development of National Association into a strictly representative, harmonious, co-operative and influential organization, which will make possible the advancement of our profession, thus assuring a

efficient service to afflicted humanity.

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Discussions. II. 11. G. Logan, Chicago, Il. "The Responsibilities of The State So. ciety Officers” is an important subject for this section to consider because more uniform progress in the profession can be made when similar influences are cre. ated in every section of the country. From observations taken in our State and from other dental association meetings, I have been led to believe that the President should be given a great deal of latitude in regard to the policy the Society should pursue during his year of office and then hold him and his personally appointed committeemen responsible for the results. If the President in the final analysis of the year's work is to be held by the members accountable

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in the main for any degree of failure, what course to pursue to secure harmonious, intelligent progress is the question of the many good ones presented in President Brown's paper that I shall endeavor to discuss.

The common custom of waiting five to seven months after the annual election before taking up the serious consideration of the plans for the ensuing annual meeting should be discontinued by the officers of every State Society, and the one way I know of that the President can be positive of his tenure of office being an orderly one and surely measure up to its present day opportunities in educating the public and each member of the Society in the influences that diseased conditions of the mouth, nose and throat have upon the individual's welfare and their relation to the community's health, and get the mind of the entire membership focused upon the most important dental problems of the year, is for the President, immediately upon assuming office, to review the proceedings of his association for the past six to ten years. You might ask "Of what value is this?" Our answer is, it probably depends largely upon the method of review. and the plan suggested is, in the first column place the year and the name of the city where the meeting was held—then in their natural order, the number of papers read on Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry, Pathology, Diagnosis, Therapeutics, Surgery and miscellaneous subjects, with the author's name appearing beneath each paper—the number of clinics, number of exhibitors and amount received from them-number of members in attendance-and the annual balance in the treasury.

A brief comparison of these tabulated facts will bring to the fore that certain phases of certain general subjects have been up for discussion almost annually, while other important questions of the same general subject have not been dis

cust. The too frequent appearance of the same essayist can be avoided and the appropriate number and character of papers can be ascertained. The relation of attendance to the variation of programs is seen. However, the greatest benefit that comes to the officer who seriously studies the various acts of his association is the acquirement of what might be termed the “Dental Society Atmosphere” which, figuratively speaking, permeates his whole body and brain to a degree that he finds both his active and sub-conscious mind constantly at work to devise a plan for the literary, clinic and exhibit committees, with the result that even the minutest detail to be cared for during the year by every committeeman who has an interlocking duty with the President is positively clear.

This work should be completed by the President in the first month of his year. In the following sixty days a general conference should be held with the executive officers of the association and the various important committees for the adoption of the plans worked out or the modification of same as the conference body shall finally determine.

The importance of this meeting which is held not later than nine months before the coming annual meeting is that it acquaints every active officer and committeeman with the plans for the year, and when we consider the fact that these various officers are residing in different sections of the State and furthermore that these men will attend their local society meetings during the early fall and winter and there have an opportunity to explain to the members of the component societies the plan of campaign for the year, enthusiasm and united action on the part of every component society thruout the State is the much desired result.

The most natural objection to this suggestion would be that perhaps it was ideal but the traveling expenses for the various officers and committeemen would

make it impossible for most associations -but this is not true providing the President figures out in a very definite way the probable expenses to carry out the plan as outlined, fixes the rate per foot the exhibitors' space is to rent for, the amount of money needed for the visiting essayists plus the normal expense of the average year as found in a study of the expenses

of the various preceeding years. And, that this has worked out as here suggested, I wish to refer to the expenses of the Illinois State Dental Society for the last year. In the celebration of our association's fiftieth anni. versary the general plan as here suggested was instituted and the original figures seemed to show that it would be possible to care for all of the expenses without drawing upon the treasury. When the year's work was over, the reports of the various committees showed that we had an attendance of between five and six thousand which was slightly beyond our anticipation. For the first time in our Society's experience we did away with having paid advertisements in all preliminary and final programs and without personal contributions of funds, we were able to finish the year with sufficient funds to care for all bills and leave a small increase balance in the hands of the State Treasurer.

In conclusion let it be recorded that this plan has not been presented as an ideal one or the only method by which excellent results may be secured, but is here outlined because it worked successfully under trying conditions on the occasion of the Illinois State Dental Society's meeting held in Chicago March 23 to 26, 1914.

better qualified or suited to write on this subject. I say this advisedly, for I have known Dr. Brown, and have had him numbered with my friends for twentyfive years.

While connected with the teaching force of the Ohio College of Dental Surgery, Dr. Brown was a student of that institution, he so imprest me with his earnestness and ability that it has been a great pleasure for me to watch his career, from student up thru various offices and boards, both local and state, until the very highest honor that the profession can bestow upon him, has been worthily bestowed, that of President of the National Dental Association, and in each instance I am pleased to note he has made good. I appreciate the paper the more because, when the writer says what an officer should do, it means when he was that officer he did it, it mattered not how much time or energy it required.

We have worked together and discust society affairs so much that naturally our ideas run in parallel lines, therefore there is not much for me to say, except that I heartily endorse this paper. The writer refers to the individual member,

the primary unit of association strength. I agree with him, and think that the great responsibility of any society or association officer is to stimulate as near as possible every unit up to its fullest efficiency. This naturally sug. gests the question, how shall this be done? I think by co-operation of the N. D. A. State and Local Dental Societies. The program should be varied, to suit the individual members, you might say like a well balanced menu, which has the proper proportions of Protein, Fats, and Carbohydrates, so that each unit of the society body may receive proper nourishment, which means development. In our city we have listened to scholarly sermons for years, and sit up in our pews, and slept peacefully, without making progress. But it was left for Billy

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A. 0. Ross, M. S., D. D. S., Columbus, Ohio.

The Program Committee, should be congratulated for securing Dr. Brown to write a paper on “The Responsibilities of the State Society Officers." I know of no other man in our profession who is

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