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2. Parental attitudes that were negative towards vocational education were affecting full student participation, especially on the Island of St. Croix.

These findings have inspired vocational educators in the territory to develop and implement new strategies that would improve upon the impact of vocational education in the territory. We are seeing positive results because business and industry are working cooperatively with education officials in developing a viable vocational education system, and parents are encouraging their children to enroll in vocational education programs. This is quite evident in the 1972 enrollment figures. Also noticeable is the number of businesses and students participating in the work experience programs.


The Territorial Advisory Council since its creation in 1969, has been very cooperative in assisting the Territorial Board for Vocational Education and the professional staff in developing and creating new programs in our institutions for students and teachers alike. The council saw the profound need to expand the business and office education programs in the schools and also insisted upon the upgrading of the personnel in all disciplines of vocational education. Based upon their recommendations, the following actions were taken:

1. The business and office education component was expanded to include a general clerical program and a bookkeeping and accounting


2. Proposals relative to staff development were submitted to the U.S. Office of Education. The proposals were funded and we are operating staff development programs for the instructional and supervisory staffs for the third consecutive year.


Although the Vocational Education Act of 1963, and the Vocational Education Amendments of 1968 were considered to be progressive pieces of legislation that were people oriented, they have not made any significant impact in the territory. Although the territory is appreciative of the Federal funds made available to Vocational education, it is felt that the above-mentioned pieces of legislation do not address themselves to the needs of the territory. It is conceived that the legislative intent of the acts is attuned to problems in large metropolitan cities in the United States. Problems encountered in large metropolitan cities, in most instances, are completely divorced from problems in the territory.

As it now stands, Federal funds allotted to the territory have to be spent in conformity with the mandates established by the Vocational Education Act of 1963 and the Vocational Amendments of 1968. In most instances we do not have the physical, human, and financial resources which are needed to comply with those mandates established.

In addition to the above, legislative history will prove that the Federal funds allotted to the territory have been allotted based upon

the size of the population. Our small population has resulted in small sums of funds distributed to the territory which in effect proved meaningless to attempt to implement programs that will make some significant impact through the deliverance of programs and services for the people.

In view of the above statements, the staff of the division of vocational education is presenting for your consideration the following recommendations:

1. That the territory be allowed flexibility in the administration of Federal funds relative to vocational education development in order that programs and activities may truly reflect the needs of the territory.

2. That Federal funding for the territory not be allotted on a population basis, but on a basis of demonstrated need relative to vocational education programs and services.

3. That enabling legislation, relative to the territory, be introduced amending the existing Vocational Education Amendments of 1968 to incorporate language in keeping with recommendations 1

and 2.





Washington, D.C. March 23, 1973.

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare,
Washington, D.C.

DEAR MR. SECRETARY: The National Advisory Council on Vocational Education hereby transmits its 1972 annual report on its activities, findings, and recommendations with respect to vocational education in America, along with a summary of the evaluations made by each of the State advisory councils on vocational education during the past year.

The report illustrates the tremendous progress which has been made under the 1968 vocational education amendments, and directs attention to the many unmet needs which must be dealt with to satisfy the urgent national requirement for modern skill training to qualify young people and adults for the modern world of work.


JAMES A. RHODES, Chairman.



Unmet Needs and Unresolved Issues in Vocational Education


The National and State Advisory Councils on Vocational Education are required by law to make independent evaluations of secondary and postsecondary vocational education programs, under the Vocational Education Amendments of 1968 and the Education Amendments of 1972.

While the occupational education programs authorized under the Education Amendments of 1972, Part B. Title of the Higher Education Act have not yet been funded, the progress made in vocational education throughout the Nation under the impetus of the 1968 Vocational Education Amendments has been substantial. The 1968 Amendments have been responsible for bringing Vocational education programs out of the "cellar," where they had habitually dwelled in most states. This has happened despite the fact that these programs have never been funded anywhere near the levels authorized in the Act. It might also be pointed out that the State Advisory Councils on Vocational Education, which share a large part of the responsibility for improvement in vocational education, have not been funded at even the minimal level required by the law.

The 1968 Veational Education Amendments have spurred great improvements and expansion of vocational education at the state and local levels, and the potential for further growth under the continued influence of the Act is vast. With strong leadership and adequate funding, the National need for quality vocational education can be met, and the aspirations and potentials of millions of youngsters and adults can be realized. The National and State Advisory

Councils on Vocational Education endorse the concept that every youngster should, upon leaving high school, be prepared either to go on to higher education, or have the necessary skills for entry into the world of work. This concept cannot be realized without further strengthening of vocational education programs in every state. It is for the realization of that concept that the members of the National and State Advisory Councils on Vocational Education have dedicated their valuable time and energy. This report outlines the activities of the National Advisory Council on Vocational Education toward that goal, and summarizes the past year's evaluation reports of the State Advisory Councils.

The National Advisory Council on Vocational Education was impressed with the breadth of concerns, as well as the objectivity with which the State Councils evaluated the vocational-technical education programs in their states and identified unmet needs and unresolved issues. Sympathetic to the problems of vocational educators, but concerned primarily with the needs and problems of the citizens of their states, the Advisory Councils in the States have demonstrated that a new dimension and a new force have been added to the vocational education system in our nation. For they have not been satisfied solely to make recommendations for improvement and change; they also have offered assistance to their State Boards and State Departments of Education in helping achieve change. Moreover, the State Councils have persisted year after year in making certain that the state education officials have taken positive action on their recommendations.

This report serves as evidence that the National Advisory Council on Vocational Education, together with the State Advisory Councils on Vocational Education are indeed fulfilling their legislative mandates. They have returned ten-fold the Federal Government's investment in them in terms of their consultative services to State Boards of Education, the United States Office of Education, and other State and Federal agencies concerned with the development of our nation's human resources. Furthermore, with over one thousand citizens devoting volunteer time as members of the National and State Advisory Councils in the service of public education, they are in the vanguard of those forces in our national which are determined to keep public education responsive to the needs of the public.


The National Advisory Council on Vocational Education was created by Congress in the Vocational Education Amendments of 1968. (P.2.90-576). Congress extended the life of the Council, and expanded its duties and responsibilities in the Education Amendments of 1972. (P.L. 92-318). (Part B of Title X of the Higher Education Act).

Under these statutes, the Council is required to:

(a) Advise the Commissioner of Education concerning the administration of, preparation of general regulations for, and operation of, programs supported under those titles;

(b) Review the administration and operation of programs under those titles, including the effectiveness of the programs in meeting the purposes for which they were established, make recommendations and annual reports of its findings and recommendations (including recommendations for changes in the provisions of the title) to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare for transmittal to Congress.

(c) Conduct independent evaluations of programs carried out under these titles and publish and distribute the results thereof.

(d) Review the possible duplication of vocational education programs at the post-secondary and adult levels, and make annual reports on the extent of such duplication, together with its findings and recommendations, to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.

The Council consists of twenty-one members, appointed by the President for terms of three years:

Council membership and affiliation

James A. Rhodes, Chairman, Rhodes & Associates, Columbus, Ohio.

Lowell A. Burkett, Vice Chairman, Director, American Vocational Association, Washington, D.C.

Martha G. Bachman, Chairman, State Advisory Council on Vocational Education, Delaware.

John H. Bustamante, John Bustamante & Co., LP.A. Cleveland, Ohio,1

Frank Cannizzaro, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, New York, N.Y. George B. Cook, Chairman, Bankers Life Insurance Company of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska.'

Holly H. Coors, Golden, Colorado.

Jo Ann E. Cullen, Student, Bristol, Pennsylvania.

Marvin J. Feldman, President, Fashion Institute of Technology, New York, NY.
William Gellman, Director, Jewish Vocational Services, Chicago, Illinois.
Salvatore B. Hoffman, President, Upholsterers' Union of North America, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

Caroline E. Hughes, Cushing, Oklahoma.

Arthur M. Lee, Director of Research and Grants, Northern Arizona University,
Flagstaff, Arizona.1

Duane R. Lund, Superintendent of Schools, Staples, Minnesota.

Donald N. McDowell, Director, National Future Farmers of America Foundation Sponsoring Committee, Madison, Wisconsin."

Luis M. Morton, Jr., President, Central Texas College Killeen, Texas, Thomas W. Pauken, Student, Southern Methodist University Law School, Dallas, Texas.'

John W. Thiele, Director of Industrial and Community Relations, Whirlpool Corp., Fort Smith, Arkansas.'

Delfino Valdez, Supporting Services Director, Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute, Albuquerque, N. Mexico.

David Van Alstyne, Jr., Senior Partner, Van Alstyne, Noel & Company, New York, N.Y.


The new appointments filled vacancies created when the terms of the following members expired at the end of 1972:

Council member and affiliation

Lawrence A. Davenport, Chairman 1971-73, Vice President for Development, Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama.

Jerry S. Dobrovolny, Chairman, Department of Engineering, University of IIInois, Urbana, Illinois,

Jack Hatcher, President, Varco-Pruden, Inc., Pine Bluff, Arkansas,

Norman R. Stanger, Director, Center for Career Studies, California State College, Long Beach, California.

Steve W. Stocks, Principal, Channel Island High School, Oxnard, California.

Council Meetings, 1972

February 26 28, San Diego, California.

April 14 15, Washington, D.C.

May 4-5, Denver, Colorado (Joint Meeting with State Advisory Councils),
June 30-July 1, Washington, D.C.

August 18-19, Washington, D.C.

September 29-30, Washington, DC.

November 17 18, Washington, D.C. (Joint Meeting with State Advisory Councils).


January 12 13, New Orleans, Louisiana.
February 25 28, Austin, Texas.

In addition to attending meetings, Council members participate in Council sub-committee meetings, conferences, and task forces, and represent the Council at meetings of organizations such as the National Association of Manufaeturers, the United States Chamber of Commerce, local Jay Cees, and others concerned with vocational education. Last year Council members devoted an average of one day a week to Council business,

State Advisory Councils

Each State and Territory has an Advisory Council on Vocational Education, pursuant to the provisions of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1968

↑ Appointed to Connell February 1973 Ricappointed to Council February 1973.

NOTE - James A. Rhodes, who was Vice Chairman in 1972, was designated Chairman by President Nixon in February 1973.

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