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It is alleged that unsatisfactory results have been accomplished with the funds designated for vocational education for the handicapped in the public schools. There is concern that State appropriations are insufficient for the matching of funds which localities are expected to provide. Greater State appropriations, it is believed, would eliminate the practice of over-using vocational rehabilitation funds and services for a program that is essentially the responsibility of the public schools.
The council recommends that this practice be given serious study.
In determining the extent goals were met for disadvantaged and handicapped, the council investigated quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data, indicating only 578 disadvantaged and 282 handicapped students, evidenced that a small percentage of these groups were being served. The total number of students in the State at the secondary level who qualified under the definition of disadvantaged was 2,150 and 1,327 students would be in the handicapped category.
Several variables influenced the validity of quantitative data. The council determined that they were:
(1) Schools were not identifying students in categories of disadvantaged and handicapped.
(2) Schools were not providing separate occupational programs for these groups. Accordingly, many schools were enrolling disadvantaged and handicapped students in regular ongoing occupational programs.
During fiscal year 1972, the State department of education staff showed a greater awareness to the needs of these special groups. The department personnel planned and developed increased numbers of programs in supportive services. Planning activities occurred between the division of occupational education and the division of exceptional children, developing coordination of funding and programming.
Specific programs were implemented at the following schools: Wyoming Industrial Institute for Boys (Worland)-seven occupational education programs for 65 delinquent boys.
Wyoming Girls' School (Sheridan)-five business and office occupations programs for 55 delinquent girls.
A summer follow-through" program for secondary school dropouts in Cody, Wyo. for 25 students.
A cooperative disadvantaged and dropout program at Rawlins High School for 20 students.
A law enforcement training program, central Wyoming Community College, Riverton for 20 Indian students.
Licensed practical nursing for disadvantaged students, Laramie for 15 students.
Comprehensiveness of planning for disadvantaged groups was evidenced through development of learning centers at seven community colleges, the Wind River Indian Reservation, and model cities neighborhoods. Furthermore, occupational programs were pro
vided at the institutions located at Worland, Sheridan, Evanston, Rawlins, Lander, and Thermopolis.
Adult basic education provided a sequential program of instruction designed to: (1) Eliminate the inability of adults in need of basic education to read and write English; (2) to raise substantially the educational level of such adults with a view toward making them less likely to become dependent on others; (3) to improve their ability to benefit from some occupational training; (4) to increase their opportunities for more productive and profitable employment; and (5) to make them better able to meet their adult responsibilities.
In Wyoming the adult basic education program was for adults 16 years of age and older who were functioning less than the 8th grade level. The program was designed to increase their ability to benefit from occupational training, thus increasing their opportunities for more productive and profitable employment.
Approximately 1,054 adults, participating in 45 programs located in 12 communities across the State, were served by adult basic education in Wyoming for fiscal year 1972.
There was a marked inconsistency, on the plus side, between what was planned and what was achieved, at all levels, for the disadvan taged persons. In the secondary level there were 29 courses planned, while the trades and industry program produced 251 courses. In the postsecondary level, there were 144 courses planned, but they produced 599 courses.
OUTLINE FOR STATE REPORTS TO CONGRESS
(1) Introduction: In this section please include any brief general introductory comments which you wish to make concerning the growth of vocational education within your State within the last ten years and include a listing of total enrollments for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). These enrollments should include all persons in vocational education courses within your State whether these courses are funded from Federal, State or local resources.
(2) Public Law 90-576 "Part B-State Vocational Education Programs": The remainder of this outline will follow the format used in authorizing programs under the Vocational Education Act as amended in 1968. This section will be concerned with the uses of the basic State grants provided under Part B of that Act.
(a) Job Training Enrollments.—In this subsection please list the job training enrollments by job training area and by high school, post-high school, and adult for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). These enrollments should include all persons enrolled in courses provided with Federal funds under Part B. (b) General Description.-Include a general description of the growth and development in Federal job training programs for youth and adults, especially highlighting the initiation or expansion of courses in newer job fields.
(c) Post-Secondary Courses.-Include a breakdown of the post-high school enrollments listed in "a" above according to enrollments in junior and community colleges, technical institutes, area vocational schools, and other postsecondary institutions. Provide a brief description of the progress made in postsecondary enrollments within the last ten years.
(d) Disadvantaged Students.-Include a listing of enrollments by regular and special needs programs for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). Please provide a brief description of the progress made within your State.
(e) Handicapped Students.-Include a listing of enrollments by regular and special needs programs for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). Please provide a brief description of the progress made within your State.
(f) Adults.-Provide a breakdown of the adult enrollment listed in "a" above according to those in programs who are unemployed and in need of job training and those who are presently employed and in need of job retraining. How many of these adults are enrolled in preparatory training programs and how many are in regular training programs using these Part B funds? How do these enrollments compare with the number of adults enrolled in such courses using Federal manpower funds? If possible, provide this comparison by enrollments for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected).
(g) Financing.-(i) Provide a detailed description of the method used for the distribution of Part B funds among local educational agencies and other agencies within your State. Please include in this description the manner of considering the relative fiscal abilities of local educational agencies and the relative differences in costs among such agencies as required by law. Also explain your State's use of variable matching of local funds for Federal funds.
(ii) Provide a detailed breakdown on the dollar amounts and percentages of Federal and State funds (listed separately) going to the cities within your Stre which have a population in excess of 250,000 and show how these allocations compare with their relative percentages of the State's population. If there is a wide disparity between these allocations and the relative percentages of population, please explain the disparity. Also provide the same breakdown for the poorest rural areas within your State and provide the same explanation if a disparity exists between population and Federal and State expenditures.
(h) Construction and Equipment.-List investments for construction and equip ment from Federal, State, and local sources (listed separately) for fiscal 1963
through 1968, 1969 through 1972, 1973 through 1977 (projected). Give a brief description of progress.
̧ (3) Public Law 90-576–Other Federal Programs: This section will be concerned with the categorical programs authorized under the Vocational Education Act as amended in 1988.
(a) Exemplary Programs and Projects.—List prógrams and numbers of persons served under this section (this may be your career education programs) for fiscal years 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). Please give a brief description of progress. (b) Residential Vocational Education.—Please indicate the number of centers needed and a brief description of the importance of funding of residential centers for your State.
(e) Consumer and Homemaking.--List enrollments in consumer and homemaking education for secondary and adult for fistal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). Also show a breakdown in each, of these enrollments for gainful employment and also for the disadvantaged and the handicapped. Please give a brief description of progress with emphasis upon consumer education and programming for family life in economically depressed areas,*
(d) Cooperative Vacational Education.—Last the number of persons" served under programs made possible by this section. This may include only a part of your cooperative education effort. If so, please indicate.) Include enr Ements for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected). Please give a brief description of progress.
(e) Work Study Programs.-List mumbers of students served for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected), Please provide a brief description of value of services.
(f) Research and Training, -Give a description of the value of Part C funds for research and development in your State. Please provide,brief summaries of one or two important research projects,
(4) State Advisory Council: Provide your estimation of the most significant centributions of your State Advisory Council within the last five fears List the actions which you have taken in response to their recommendations.
(5) Summary and Reconmmendations: Provide a summary of the progress made within your State with Federal funds for vocational education within the last ten years and provide the Subcommittee with recommendations based upon your experiences for improvements in Federal programs. If you care to, von may also include specific comments on the Better Schools Act of 1973 especial revenue sharing for education) and the Administration's plans for reorganization. and regionalization of the U.S. Office of Education.
See revised chart which follows Outline for Information requested on Cons imer Horie making and Occupational Home EconomuICS,
Consumer Homemaking and Occupational Home Economics
Hone Economics: List enrollments in consumer homemaking and occupational home economics for secondary and adult for fiscal years 1963, 1968, 1972, and 1977 (projected) as shown in chart below. Please give a brief description of the progress made with an emphasis upon consumer education and programming for family life in economically depressed areas.