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noise emissions detrimental to the human environment. I and other members of the Subcommittee on Public Health and Environment, have thoroughly reviewed this amendment. The amendment retains all principles contained in the House bill and adds certain provisions found in the Senate amendment which we feel clarify and enhance the position of the House. In my opinion, this amendment insures that all interested parties-regulatory agencies, industry, and the public-will bring together their special qualities to free the American people from the noise pollution which jeopardizes their health and welfare.

Mr. Speaker, the principal difference between the House bill and the Senate amendment was with respect to aircraft noise. The House bill left control of aircraft noise in the hands of the FAA while the Senate gave substantial control to EPA. The amendment before the House today combines the best of both. It retains the existing law's provision which provides the FAA with ultimate authority to prescribe standards to regulate aircraft noise. This is necessary to insure that noise control standards will, through the benefit of FAA's expertise, be consistent with the highest degree of aircraft safety.

However, recognizing that it is the
overall responsibility of EPA to insure a
sound environment, the amendment pro-
vides that EPA play a significant role in
the development of aircraft noise stand-
ards. This role includes the requirement
that EPA propose to FAA a broad and


1.4a (3) (e) Oct. 18: Senate concurred in House amendment, pp. S18638-S18646

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(B) (i) any military weapons or equipment which are designed for combat use; (ii) any rockets or equipment which are designed for research, experimental, or developmental work to be performed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; or (iii) to the extent provided by regulations of other the Administrator, any machinery or equipment designed for use in experimental work done by or for the Federal Government.

(4) The term "ultimate purchaser" means the first person who in good faith purchases a product for purposes other than resale.

(5) The term "new product" means (A)
a product the equitable or legal title of
which has never been transferred to an ulti-
mate purchaser, or (B) a product which is
imported or offered for importation into the
United States and which is manufactured
after the effective date of a regulation under
section 6 or section 8 which would have been
applicable to such product had it been manu-
factured in the United States.

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products referred to in section 3(3)(B) of this Act, may be granted from the requirements of sections 6, 17, and 18 of this Act. No such exemption shall be granted due to lack of appropriation unless the President shall have specifically requested such appropriation as a part of the budgetary process and the Congress shall have failed to make available such requested appropriation. Any exemption shall be for a period not in excess of one year, but additional exemptions may be granted for periods of not to exceed one year upon the President's making a new determination. The President shall report each January to the Congress all exemptions from the requirements of this section granted during the preceding calendar year, together with his reason for granting such exemption.

(c) (1) The Administrator shall coordinate the programs of all Federal agencies relating to noise research and noise control. Each Federal agency shall, upon request, furnish to the Administrator such information as he may reasonably require to determine the nature, scope, and results of the noise-research and noise-control programs of the agency.

(2) Each Federal agency shall consult with the Administrator in prescribing standards or regulations respecting noise. If at any time the Administrator has reason to believe that a standard or regulation, or any proposed standard or regulation, of any Federal agency respecting noise does not protect the public health and welfare to the extent he believes to be required and feasible, he may request such agency to review and report to him on the advisability of revising such standard or regulation to provide such protection. Any such request may be published in the Federal Register and shall be accompanied by a detailed statement of the information on which it is based. Such agency shall complete the requested review and report to the Administrator within such time as the Administrator specifies in the request, but such

sultation with appropriate Federal agencies, compile and publish a report or series of reports (1) identifying products (or classes of products) which in his judgment are major sources of noise, and (2) giving information on techniques for control of noise from such products, including available data on the technology, costs, and alternative methods of noise control. The first such report shall be published not later than eighteen months after the date of enactment of this Act.

(c) The Administrator shall from time to
time review and, as appropriate, revise or
supplement any criteria or reports, published
under this section.

(d) Any report (or revision thereof) un-
der subsection (b) (1) identifying majo
noise sources shall be published in the Fed-
eral Register. The publication or revision
under this section of any criteria or infor-
mation on control techniques shall be an-
nounced in the Federal Register, and copies
shall be made available to the general public.

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SEC. 4. (a) The Congress authorizes and
directs that Federal agencies shall, to the
fullest extent consistent with their authority
under Federal laws administered by them,
carry out the programs within their control
in such a manner as to further the policy
declared in section 2(b).

(b) Each department agency, or instrumentality of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Federal Government

time specified may not be less than ninety days from the date the request was made. The report shall be published in the Federal Register and shall be accompanied by a detailed statement of the findings and conclusions of the agency respecting the revision of its standard or regulation. With respect to the Federal Aviation Administration, section 611 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (as amended by section 7 of this Act) shall apply in lieu of this paragraph.

SEC. 5. (a) (1) The Administrator shall, after consultation with appropriate Federal agencies and within nine months of the date of the enactment of this Act, develop and (1) having jurisdiction over any property publish criteria with respect to noise. Such or facility, or

criteria shall reflect the scientific knowledge most useful in indicating the kind and extent of all identifiable effects on the public health or welfare which may be expected from differing quantities and qualities of noise.

(2) engaged in any activity resulting, or which may result, in the emission of noise, shall comply with Federal, State, interstate, and local requirements respecting control and abatement of environmental noise to the same extent that any person is subject to such requirements. The President may exempt any single activity or facility, including noise emission sources or classes thereof, of any department, agency, or instrumentality in the executive branch from compliance with any such requirement if he determines it to be in the paramount interest of the United States to do so; except that no exemption, other than for those

(3) On the basis of regular consultation with appropriate Federal agencies, the Administrator shall compile and publish, from time to time, a report on the status and progress of Federal activities relating to noise research and noise control. This report shall describe the noise-control programs of each Federal agency and assess the contributions of those programs to the Federal Government's overall efforts to control noise. IDENTIFICATION OF MAJOR NOISE SOURCES; NOISE CRITERIA AND CONTROL TECHNOLOGY

(2) The Administrator shall, after consultation with appropriate Federal agencies and within twelve months of the date of the enactment of this Act, publish information on the levels of environmental noise the attainment and maintenance of which in defined areas under various conditions are requisite to protect the public health and welfare with an adequate margin of safety. (b) The Administrator shall, after con

der paragraph (1) shall be published not later than eighteen months after the date of enactment of this Act, and shall apply to any product described in paragraph (1) which is identified (or is a part of a class identified) as a major source of noise in any report published under section 5(b) (1) on or before the date of publication of such initial proposed regulations.

(B) In the case of any product described in paragraph (1) which is identified (or is part of a class identified) as a major source of noise in a report published under section 5(b) (1) after publication of the initial proposed regulations under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, regulations under paragraph (1) for such product shall be proposed and published by the Administrator not later than eighteen months after such report is published.

(3) After proposed regulations respecting a product have been published under paragraph (2), the Administrator shall, unless in his judgment noise emission standards are not feasible for such product, prescribe regulations, meeting the requirements of subsection (c), for such product

(A) not earlier than six months after publication of such proposed regulations, and (B) not later than

(1) twenty-four months after the date of enactment of this Act, in the case of a product subject to proposed regulations published under paragraph (2) (A), or

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