Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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In 1988 a conscientious civil servant based in Afmadow actually mapped out for me the extent of water point development ... As early as 1984 , Ogadeen herders protested about the number of water points in the area , which was inviting ...
The process accelerated in late 1988 when Marehan herders began to spontaneously ' privatize ' water points and surrounding pastures by demarcating them with thorn fences . Some individuals went so far as to have their water points ...
established near dry - season water points . Whole market centers , ranging from a few to close to a hundred businesses , quite literally move as the herds migrate seasonally , while others only open during dry periods when herders ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review