Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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While the Mohamed Zubeyr moved into the region for a second time in the late 1840s , large numbers did not arrive until the 1870s and 1880s when they were forcefully expelled from what is today western Ethiopia ( Dalleo 1975 : 37 ) .
Herders can be differentiated into two groups based on their initial responses to this ' shock ' : ( 1 ) those who immediately moved out of normal grazing areas ( 78 percent of the total ) at the first sign of a prolonged drought ...
In terms of livestock trade their operations essentially collapsed in 1990 , and some moved into other types of commerce , such as food import activities and charcoal exports . Some traders moved out of the region altogether ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review