Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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As discussed earlier , it has been an important trade center since the nineteenth century.10 The location of the Lower Jubba , with its sea links to the outside , brings nomadic herders and local traders into close contact with global ...
It is important to understand how the dairy trade operated prior to the events of 1991 , which as will be shown – had important effects on the activity . In terms of rural - to - urban marketing , those herders who supplied milk on a ...
Other variables are important , but it is suggested here that they either are not as important or are covered by these three factors . So far , this chapter has shown why accessibility and mobility are vitally paramount for pastoral ...
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Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review