Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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seasonally vacated by cattle herders . When the Ogadeen cattle pastoralists abandoned their seasonal grazing areas each year , camel herders would move in and occupy them . After a period of about four years some Marehan herders decided ...
herders the richest 12.5 percent of herders own nearly 70 percent of the camels in the region , while 12.5 percent own 39 percent of total cattle . The bottom 50 percent of pastoralists , in turn , control only 15 percent of total ...
Herding units supplement their own family labor either by hiring herders or by combining their animals with those of other families and then sharing tasks . While only 20 percent of homesteads hire labor – and most of these are involved ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review