Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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These historical forces were discussed in some detail in the previous chapter but will be elaborated here . To begin , in no way does the geographic distribution of clans and sub - clans correlate with neatly defined territorial ...
Negotiated identities The failed 1994 Lower Jubba Peace and Reconciliation Conference cited earlier shows just how fluid and negotiable clan identities are , as well as how much they can be shaped by external forces .
1 In August 2001 Morgan rallied his followers and recaptured Kismayo for a day or so , before being ousted by forces of the Jubba Valley Alliance . The latter are a pro - TNG faction of Marehan , Ogadeen , and Habar Gedir clan members ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review