Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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... clan idiom themselves , often insisting on proposals from clan ' elders ' even when some of these were disguised militia heads ( see United Nations Operation in Somalia [ UNOSOM ] 1993 ) ? The number of acknowl- edged clans quickly ...
... clans and sub - clans correlate with neatly defined territorial boundaries , as current factional politics imply . The patchy environment and contingencies like drought and migration blur the relationship between clan and space . They ...
... clan , for example , can easily be larger than one of the region's smaller clans , and it is not uncommon for a ... clan aggregation in the border region . At the highest level and in descending order of aggregation in Fig . 3.1 is ...
Introduction to a stateless economy
A land of livestock
The destruction of ruralurban relations
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