Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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It included the Mohamed Zubeyr sub - clan of the Ogadeen , who were in the interior and focused heavily on cattle pastoralism , and the Harti , who were concentrated in Kismayo town and its environs and emphasized trade and pastoralism ...
For example , there was a major split among the Ogadeen between Omar Jess's Mohamed Zubeyr and General Gebiyo's Aulihan factions . This occurred in the mid - 1990s and Gebiyo's group actually ended up joining with Morgan's forces .
... 58 , 60–2 passim , 113 , 133 , 138 minerals 151 minorities 124 mobility 18 , 27 , 40 , 65–74 passim , 80 , 159 , 168 modernity 169–71 Mohamed , Mohamed Said ' Gees ' 172 Mohamed Zubeyr xvi , 25 , 27 , 43 , 44 , 48 , 49 , 51–4 passim ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review