Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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As was pointed out then , herd movements are strongly influenced by several environmental features : ( 1 ) the Jubba Valley ; ( 2 ) the Lag Dera ( and Jira ) complex ; ( 3 ) the coastal zone ; and ( 4 ) the tsetse fly belt .
During dry periods the heavy use of grazing areas in the Jubba Valley area highlights the valley's critical role . For instance , in Afmadow alone more than 60 percent of jilaal ( long dry ) season movements are to the Jubba River area ...
the general proximity of Descheeg Waamo near the Jubba Valley . By doing this , he avoids time - consuming watering tasks and the need for long migrations , but he exposes his herd to additional disease and security risks during the ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review