Somalia: Economy Without State
International African Institute, 2003 - 206 pages
In the wake of the collapse of the Somali government in 1991, a "second" or "informal" economy based on trans-border trade and smuggling is thriving. While focusing primarily on pastoral and agricultural markets, Peter D. Little demonstrates that the Somalis are resilient and opportunistic and that they use their limited resources effectively. While it is true that many Somalis live in the shadow of brutal warlords and lack access to basic health care and education, Little focuses on those who have managed to carve out a productive means of making ends meet under difficult conditions and emphasizes the role of civic culture even when government no longer exists. Exploring questions such as, Does statelessness necessarily mean anarchy and disorder? Do money, international trade, and investment survive without a state? Do pastoralists care about development and social improvement? This book describes the complexity of the Somali situation in the light of international terrorism.
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Based on available census figures , the population of Garissa town and its suburbs is about 43,000 ( 1996 ) ( Kenya 1996 : 18 ) . This means that the per capita value of cattle trade in the Garissa area was about $ 275 in 1997 , which ...
Transport costs in cross - border cattle trade , 1996 and 1998 Market route Estimated Number Cost head % Change Cost per km distance of days ) ( US $ ) 1996 / 1996/1998 ( km ) 1996/1998 1998 Garissa - Mombasa ' 470 1-2 16.15 / 27.83 + ...
The table assumes that there are two traders involved in the market chain ; one based in Garissa who buys from a Somalia - based middleman , and based in Nairobi who purchases from the Garissa trader . The estimates one % net return per ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thewalkinggirl - LibraryThing
Argues that despite political, social, and environmental instability, the Somali society and economy have survived. The author focuses on the Somali borderlands adjacent to Kenya, comparing that ... Read full review