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To us and to every nation of the free world, rich or poor, these qualities are necessary today as never before if we are to march together to greater security, prosperity, and peace.

I believe the industrial countries are ready to participate actively in supplementing the efforts of the developing nations to achieve progress.

The immediate need for this kind of cooperation is underscored by the strain in our international balance of payments. Our surplus from foreign business transactions has in recent years fallen substantially short of the expenditures we make abroad to maintain our military establishments overseas, to finance private investment, and to provide assistance to the less developed nations. In 1959 our deficit in balance of payments approached $4 billion.

Continuing deficits of anything like this magnitude would, over time, impair our own economic growth and check the forward progress of the free world.

We must meet this situation by promoting a rising volume of exports and world trade. Further, we must induce all industrialized nations of the free world to work together to help lift the scourge of poverty from less fortunate nations. This will provide for better sharing of this burden and for still further profitable trade.

New nations, and others struggling with the problems of development, will progress only, regardless of any outside help, if they demonstrate faith in their own destiny and possess the will and use their own resources to fulfill it. Moreover, progress in a national transformation can be only gradually earned; there is no easy and quick way to follow from the ox cart to the jet plane. But, just as we drew on Europe for assistance in our earlier years, so now do those new and emerging nations that have this faith and determination deserve help.

Over the last 15 years, 20 nations have gained political independence. Others are doing so each year. Most of them are woefully lacking in technical capacity and in investment capital; without free-world support in these matters they cannot effectively progress in freedom.

Respecting their need, one of the major focal points of our concern is the south Asian region. Here, in two nations alone, are almost 500 million people, all working, and working hard, to raise their standards, and, in doing so, to make of themselves a strong bulwark against the spread of an ideology that would destroy liberty.

I cannot express to you the depth of my conviction that, in our own and freeworld interests, we must cooperate with others to help these people achieve their legitimate ambitions, as expressed in their different multiye ar plans. Through the World Bank and other instrumentalities, as well as through individual action by every nation in position to help, we must squarely face this titanic challenge.

All of us must realize, of course, that development in freedom by the newly emerging nations, is no mere matter of

obtaining outside financial assistance. An indispensable element in this process is a strong and continuing determination on the part of these nations to exercise the national discipline necessary for any sustained development period. These qualities of determination are particularly essential because of the fact that the process of improvement will necessarily be gradual and laborious rather than revolutionary. Moreover, everyone should be aware that the development process is no short-term phenomenon. Many years are required for even the most favorably situated countries.

I shall continue to urge the American people, in the interests of their own security, prosperity, and peace, to make sure that their own part of this great project be amply and cheerfuly supported. Free world decisions in this matter may spell the difference between world disaster and world progress in freedom.

Other countries, some of which I visited last month, have similar needs.

A common meeting ground is desirable for those nations which are prepared to assist in the development effort. During the past year I have discussed this matter with the leaders of several Western nations.

Because of its wealth of experience, the Organization for European Economic Cooperation could help with initial studies needed. The goal is to enlist all available economic resources in the industrialized free world—especially private investment capital. But I repeat that this help, no matter how great, can be lastingly effective only if it is used as a supplement to the strength of spirit and will of the people of the newly developing nations.

By extending this help we hope to make possible the enthusiastic enrollment of these nations under freedom's banner. No more startling contrast to a system of sullen satellites could be imagined. If we grasp this opportunity to build an age of productive partnership between the less fortunate nations and those that have already achieved a high state of economic advancement, we will make brighter the outlook for a world order based upon security, freedom, and peace. Otherwise, the outlook could be dark indeed. We face what may be a turning point in history, and we must act decisively.

As a nation we can successfully pursue these objectives only from a position of broadly based strength.

No matter how earnest is our quest for guaranteed peace, we must maintain a high degree of military effectiveness at the same time we are engaged in negotiating the issue of arms reduction. Until tangible and mutually enforcible arms reduction measures are worked out, we will not weaken the means of defending our institutions.

America possesses an enormous defense power. It is my studied conviction that no nation will ever risk general war against us unless we should be so foolish as to neglect the defense forces we now so powerfully support. It is worldwide

knowledge that any nation which might be tempted today to attack the United States, even though our country might sustain great losses, would itself promptly suffer a terrible destruction. But I once again assure all peoples and all nations that the United States, except in defense, will never turn loose this destructive power.

During the past year our long-range striking power, unmatched today in manned bombers, has taken on new strength as the Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile has entered the operational inventory. In 14 recent test launchings, at ranges of over 5,000 miles, Atlas has been striking on an average within 2 miles of the target. This is less than the length of a jet runwaywell within the circle of total destruction. Incidentally, there was an Atlas firing last night. From all reports so far received, its performance conformed to the high standards I have described. Such performance is a great tribute to American scientists and engineers, who in the past 5 years have had to telescope time and technology to develop these long-range ballistic missiles, where America had none before.

This year, moreover, growing numbers of nuclear-powered submarines will enter our active forces, some to be armed with Polaris missiles. These remarkable ships and weapons, ranging the oceans, will be capable of accurate fire on targets virtually anywhere on earth. Impossible to destroy by surprise attack, they will become one of our most effective sentinels for peace.

To meet situations of less than general nuclear war, we continue to maintain our carrier forces, our many seryice units abroad, our always ready Army strategic forces and Marine Corps divisions, and the civilian components. The continuing modernization of these forces is a costly but necessary process, and is scheduled to go forward at a rate which will steadily add to our strength.

The deployment of a portion of these forces beyond our shores, on land and sea, is persuasive demonstration of our determination to stand shoulder to shoulder with our allies for collective security. Moreover, I have directed that steps be taken to program our military assistance to these allies on a longer range basis.

This is necessary for a sounder collective defense system.

Next I refer to our program in space exploration, which is often mistakenly supposed to be an integral part of defense research and development.

We note that, first, America has made great contributions in the past 2 years to the world's fund of knowledge of astrophysics and space science. These discoveries are of present interest chiefly to the scientific community; but they are important foundation stones for more extensive exploration of outer space for the ultimate benefit of all mankind.

Second, our military missile program, going forward so successfully, does not suffer from our present lack of very large rocket engines, which are so necessary in distant space exploration. I am assured by experts that the thrust of our present missiles is fully adequate for defense requirements.

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Third, the United States is pressing forward in the development of large rocket engines to place vehicles of many tons into space for exploration purposes.

Fourth, in the meantime, it is necessary to remember that we have only begun to probe the environment immediately surrounding the earth. Using launch systems presently available, we are developing satellites to scout the world's weather; satellite relay stations to facilitate and extend communications over the globe; for navigation aids to give accurate bearings to ships and aircraft; and for perfecting instruments to collect and transmit the data we seek. This is the area holding the most promise for early and useful applications of space technology.

Fifth, we have just completed a year's experience with our new space law. I believe it deficient in certain particulars and suggested improvements will be submitted to the Congress shortly.

The accomplishment of the many tasks I have alluded to requires the continuous strengthening of the spiritual, intellectual, and economic sinews of American life. The steady purpose of our society is to assure justice, before God, for every individual. We must be ever alert that freedom does not wither through the careless amassing of restrictive controls or the lack of courage to deal boldly with the giant issues of the day.

A year ago, when I met with you, the Nation was emerging from an economic downturn, even though the signs of resurgent prosperity were not then sufficiently convincing to the doubtful. Today our surging strength is apparent to everyone; 1960 promises to be the most prosperous year in our history.

Yet we continue to be afflicted by nagging disorders.

Among current problems that require solution participated in by citizens as well as Government are

The need to protect the public interest in situations of prolonged labormanagement stalemate;

The persistent refusal to come to grips with a critical problem in one sector of American agriculture;

The continuing threat of inflation, together with the persisting tendency toward fiscal irresponsibility;

In certain instances the denial to some of our citizens of equal protection of the law.

Every American was disturbed by the prolonged dispute in the steel industry and the protracted delay in reaching a settlement.

We are all relieved that a settlement has at last been achieved in that industry. Percentagewise, by this settlement the increase to the steel companies in employment costs is lower than in any prior wage settlement since World War II. It is also gratifying to note that despite the increase in wages and benefits several of the major steel producers have announced that there will be no

increase in steel prices at this time. The national interest demands that in the period of industrial peace which has been assured by the new contract, both management and labor make every possible effort to increase efficiency and productivity in the manufacture of steel so that price increases can be avoided.

One of the lessons of this story is that the potential danger to the entire Nation of longer and greater strikes must be met. To insure against such possibilities we must of course depend primarily upon the good commonsense of the responsible individuals. It is my intention to encourage regular discussions between management and labor outside the bargaining table, to consider the interest of the public as well as their mutual interest in the maintenance of industrial peace, price stability, incentive for continuous investment, and economic growth. Both the Executive and the Congress will, I know, be watching developments with keenest interest.

To me, it seems almost absurd that the United States should recognize the need, and so earnestly to seek, for cooperation among the nations unless we can achieve voluntary, dependable, abiding cooperation among the important segments of our own free society. Without such cooperation we cannot prosper.

Failure to face up to basic issues in areas other than those of labor-management can cause serious strains on the firm freedom supports of our society.

Agriculture is one of these areas.

Our basic farm laws were written 27. years ago, in an emergency effort to redress hardship caused by a worldwide depression. They were continued-and their economic distortions intensifiedduring World War II in order to provide incentives for production of food needed to sustain a war-torn world.

Today our farm problem is totally different. It is that of effectively adjusting to the changes caused by a scientific revolution. When the original farm laws were written, an hour's farm labor produced only one-fourth as much wheat as at present. Farm legislation is woefully out of date, ineffective, and expensive.

For years we have gone on with an outmoded system which not only has failed to protect farm income, but also has produced soaring, threatening surpluses. Our farms have been left producing for war while America has long been at peace.

Once again I urge Congress to enact legislation that will gear production more closely to markets, make costly surpluses more manageable, provide greater freedom in farm operations, and steadily achieve increased net farm incomes.

Another issue that we must meet squarely is that of living within our means. This requires restraint in expenditure, constant reassessment of priorities, and the maintenance of stable prices.

To do so we must prevent inflation. Here is an opponent of so many guises that it is sometimes difficult to recognize.

But our clear need is to stop continuous and general price rises a need that all of us can see and feel.

To prevent steadily rising costs and prices calls for stern self-discipline by every citizen. No person, city, State, or organized group can afford to evade the obligation to resist inflation, for every single American pays its crippling tax.

Inflation's ravages do not end at the water's edge. Increases in prices of the goods we sell abroad threaten to drive us out of markets that once were securely ours. Whether domestic prices, so high as to be noncompetitive, result from demands for too-high profit margins or from increased labor costs that outrun growth in productivity, the final result is seriously damaging to the Nation.

We must fight inflation as we would a fire that imperils our home. Only by so doing can we prevent it from destroying our salaries, savings, pensions, and insurance, and from gnawing away the very roots of a free, healthy economy and the Nation's security.

One major method by which the Federal Government can counter inflation and rising prices is to insure that its expenditures are below its revenues. The debt with which we are now confronted is about $290 billion. With interest charges alone now costing taxpayers about $992 billion, it is clear that this debt growth must stop. You will be glad to know that, despite the unsettling influences of the recent steel strike, we estimate that our accounts will show, on June 30, this year, a favorable balance of approximately $200 million.

I shall present to the Congress for 1961 a balanced budget. In the area of defense, expenditures continue at the record peactime levels of the last several years. With a single exception, expenditures in every major category of health, education, and welfare will be equal or greater than last year. In space expenditures the amounts are practically doubled." But the overall guiding goal of this budget is national need—not response to specific group, local or political insistence.

Expenditure increases, other than those I have indicated, are largely accounted for by the increased cost of legislation previously enacted. I repeat, this budget will be a balanced one. Expenditures will be $79,800 million. The amount of income over outgo described in the budget as a surplus to be applied against our national debt is $4,200 million.

Personally, I do not feel that any amount can be properly called a surplus as long as the Nation is in debt; I prefer to think of such an item as a reduction of our children's inherited mortgage. And once we have established such payments as normal practices we can profitably make improvements in our tax structure and thereby truly reduce the heavy burdens of taxation.

In any event this one reduction will save taxpayers each year approximately $200 million in interest costs.

This favorable balance will help ease pressures in our credit and capital

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markets. It will enhance the confidence in the traditional American method. In storms of the past 5 years. For this I
of people all over the world in the doing so we must realize that nothing am deeply grateful.
strength of our economy and our cur- is really solved, indeed ruinous tenden- My deep concern in the next 12
rency and in our individual and collective cies are set in motion by yielding to the months, before my successor takes office,
ability to be fiscally responsible.

deceptive bait of the "easy" Federal tax is with our joint congressional-executive In the management of the huge public dollar.

duty to our own and to other nations. debt the Treasury is unfortunately not Our educational system provides a Acting upon the beliefs I have expressed free of artificial barriers. Its ability to ready example. All recognize the vital here today, I shall devote my full enerdeal with the difficult problems in this necessity of having modern school plants, gies to the tasks at hand, whether these field has been weakened greatly by the well-qualified and adequately compen- involve travel for promoting greater unwillingness of the Congress to remove sated teachers, and of using the best pos- world understanding, negotiations to rearchaic restrictions. The need for a sible teaching techniques and cur- duce international discord, or constant freer hand in debt maangement is even riculums.

discussions and communications with more urgent today because the costs of We cannot be complacent about edu- the Congress and the American people the undesirable financing practices cating our youth. But the route to bet- on issues both domestic and foreign. which the Treasury has been forced into ter trained minds is not through the In pursuit of these objectives, I look are mounting. Removal of this road- swift administration of a Federal hypo- forward to, and shall dedicate myself to, block has high priority in any legislative dermic or sustained financial transfu- a close and constructive association with recommendations.

sion. The educational process, essen- the Congress. Still another issue relates to civil rights tially a local and personal responsibility, Every minute spent in irrelevant intermeasures.

cannot be made to leap ahead by crash, branch wrangling is precious time taken In all our hopes and plans for a better centralized governmental action.

from the intelligent initiation and adopworld we all recognize that provincial The administration has proposed a tion of coherent policies for our national and racial prejudices must be combatted. carefully reasoned program for helping

survival and progress. In the long perspective of history, the eliminate current deficiencies. It is de- We seek a common goal-brighter opright to vote has been one of the signed to stimulate classroom construc- portunity for our own citizens and a strongest pillars of a free society. Our tion, not by substitution of Federal dol- world peace with justice for all. first duty is to protect this right against lars for State and local funds, but by Before us and our friends is the chalall encroachment. In spite of constitu- incentives to extend and encourage State lenge of an ideology which, for more tional guarantees, and notwithstanding and local efforts. This approach rejects than four decades, has trumpeted abroad much progress of recent years, bias still the notion of Federal domination or its purpose of gaining ultimate victory deprives some persons in this country of control. It is workable, and should over all forms of government at variance equal protection of the laws.

appeal to every American interested in with its own. Early in your last session I recom- advancement of our educational system

We realize that however much we remended legislation which would help in the traditional American way. I

pudiate the tenets of imperialistic comeliminate several practices discriminat- urge the Congress to take action upon it. munism, it represents a gigantic entering against the basic rights of Ameri- There is one other subject concern

prise. Its leaders compel its subjects to cans. The Civil Rights Commission has ing which I renew a recommendation I subordinate their freedom of action and developed additional constructive recom- made in my state of the Union message spirit and personal desires for some mendations. I hope that these will be last January. I then advised the Con

hoped-for advantage in the future. among the matters to be seriously con- gress of my purpose to intensify our The Communists can present an array sidered in the current session. I trust efforts to replace force with a rule of law

of material accomplishments over the that Congress will thus signal to the among nations. From many discussions past 15 years that lends a false perworld that our Government is striving abroad, I am convinced that purpose is

suasiveness to many of their glittering for equality under law for all our people. widely and deeply shared by other peo

promises to the uncommitted peoples. Each year and in many ways our Na- ples and nations of the world.

The competition they provide is fortion continues to undergo profound In the same message I stated that our

midable. We so recognize it. change and growth. efforts would include a reexamination

But in our scale of values we place In the past 18 months we have hailed of our own relation to the International

freedom first. Our whole national exthe entry of two more States of the Court of Justice. The Court was estab- istence and development have been Union--Alaska and Hawaii. We salute lished by the United Nations to decide

geared to that basic concept and is rethese two western stars.

international legal disputes between na- sponsible for the position of free-world Our vigorous expansion, which we all tions. In 1946 we accepted the Court's

leadership to which we have succeeded. welcome as a sign of health and vitality, jurisdiction, but subject to a reservation

It is the highest prize that any nation is many-sided. We are, for example, of the right to determine unilaterally can possess; it is one that communism witnessing explosive growth in metro- whether a matter lies essentially within

can never offer. And America's record politan areas. domestic jurisdiction. There is pending

of material accomplishment in freedom By 1975 the metropolitan areas of the before the Senate a resolution which

is written not only in the unparalleled United States will occupy twice the terri- would repeal our present self-judging prosperity of our own Nation, but in the tory they do today. The roster of urban reservation. I support that resolution

many billions we have devoted to the reproblems with which they must cope is and urge its prompt passage. If this is

construction of free-world economies staggering. They involve water supply, done, I intend to urge similar acceptance

wrecked by World War II and in the cleaning the air, adjusting local tax sys- of the Court's jurisdiction by every mem

effective help of many more billions we tems, providing for essential educational, ber of the United Nations.

have given in saving the independence of cultural, and social services, and de- Here perhaps it is not amiss for me to

many others threatened by outside domstroying those conditions which breed say a personal word to the Members of

ination. Assuredly we have the capacity delinquency and crime. the Congress, in this my final year of

for handling the problems in the new era In meeting these, we must, if we value office, a word about the institutions we

of the world's history we are now enterour historic freedoms, keep within the respectively represent and the meaning

ing. traditional framework of our Federal which the relationships between our two But we must use that capacity intellisystem with powers divided between the branches has for the days ahead.

gently and tirelessly, regardless of perNational and State Governments. The I am not unique as a President in hay- sonal sacrifice. uniqueness of this system may confound ing worked with a Congress controlled The fissure that divides our political the casual observer, but it has worked by the opposition party-except that no planet is deep and wide. effectively for nearly 200 years.

other President ever did it for quite so We live, moreover, in a storm of I do not doubt that our urban and long. Yet in both personal and official semantic disorder in which old labels no other perplexing problems can be solved relationships we have weathered the longer faithfully describe.

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Police states are called “people's de- Administration), the Department of De- REPORTS OF COOPERATION OF THE UNITED
mocracies."
fense and the Development Loan Fund.

STATES WITH MEXICO IN THE CONTROL
Armed conquest of free people is called The essence of our experience during

AND ERADICATION OF FOOT-AND-MOUTH "liberation."

DISEASE
the 712 years of the program on which
Such slippery slogans make difficult reports have been transmitted to the

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the problem of communicating true Congress, is that the mutual security

the Senate three communications from faith, facts, and beliefs. system is vital to our national security.

the Assistant and Under Secretary of We must make clear our peaceful in- If we do not persist in the continuous

Agriculture, respectively, transmitting, tentions, our aspirations for a better and vigorous application of military, eco

pursuant to law, reports on cooperation world. To do so, we must use language nomic, and technical programs making

of the United States with Mexico in the to enlighten the mind, not as the instruup the mutual security system, our for

control and eradication of foot-andment of the studied innuendo and dis- eign policy will be rendered ineffective.

mouth disease, for the months of Autorter of truth. This ultimately cannot fail to have the

gust, September, and October, 1959, And we must live by what we say. most serious consequences for every liv

respectively; which, with the accoming American,

panying reports, were referred to the On my recent visit to distant lands I

Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. found one statesman after another eager

If we fail to win the contest in which

REPORT OF GENERAL

ON we are now engaged, the potential de

SALES MANAGER to tell me of the elements of their government that had been borrowed from struction of our way of life becomes, by

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION SALES our American Constitution, and from the

the degree of our failure, more and more The VICE PRESIDENT laid before

a dangerous reality. It behooves us all the Senate three communications from indestructible ideals set forth in our

to keep this peril fresh in our minds. the Acting and Assistant Secretary of Declaration of Independence.

I trust that this report will provide a Agriculture, respectively, transmitting, As a nation we take pride that our own constitutional system, and the ideals yardstick to evaluate the measures we

pursuant to law, reports for the months and other members of the great com

of July, August, and September 1959, rewhich sustain it have been long viewed

spectively, of the General Sales Manas a fountainhead of freedom.

munity of nations are taking in the mu

tual security program to defend our ager concerning the policies, activities, By our every word and action we must freedoms.

and developments, including all sales strive to make ourselves worthy of this

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER.

and disposals, with regard to each comtrust, ever mindful that an accumulation

THE WHITE HOUSE, October 19, 1959.

modity which the Commodity Credit of seemingly minor encroachments upon

Corporation owns or which it is directed freedom gradually could break down the

CONTRACTS NEGOTIATED BY THE NATIONAL to support; which, with the accompanyentire fabric of a free society.

AERONAUTICS AND SPACE AD MINISTRATION ing reports, was referred to the CommitSo persuaded, we shall get on with the The VICE PRESIDENT laid before tee on Agriculture and Forestry. task before us. the Senate a communication from the

REPORTS OF AGREEMENTS CONCLUDED UNDER So dedicated, and with faith in the Al- Assistant Administrator for Congres- AGRICULTURAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT AND mighty, humanity shall one day achieve sional Relations of the National Aero- ASSISTANCE ACT the unity in freedom to which all men nautics and Space Administration, The VICE PRESIDENT laid before have aspired from the dawn of time. transmitting, pursuant to law, the semi- the Senate a communication from the annual report covering the contracts

Administrator of the Foreign AgriculUpon the conclusion of the address, negotiated by the National Aeronautics

tural Service, Department of Agriculthe joint session was dissolved; and and Space Administration for the period

ture, transmitting, pursuant to law, a The Senate returned to its Chamber. ended June 30, 1959; which, with the

report concerning agreements entered accompanying report, was referred to

into during September and October 1959 AT 1 O'CLOCK AND 36 MINUTES P.M. the Committee on Aeronautical and

with Peru, Indonesia, Columbia, VietThe PRESIDENT pro tempore called Space Sciences.

nam, and India, under title I of the the Senate to order.

Agricultural Trade Development and
AMENDMENT OF NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
APPOINTMENT TO ADVISORY COMMISSION ON

SPACE ACT OF 1958

Assistance Act of 1954; which, with the INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS MADE

accompanying papers, was referred to The VICE PRESIDENT laid before DURING ADJOURNMENT OF SENATE

the Committee on Agriculture and the Senate a communication from the Under the authority of the provisions

Forestry. Administrator of National Aeronautics of Senate Resolution 199, agreed to Sep- and Space Administration, transmitting ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SOIL CONSERVATION tember 14, 1959, the Vice President, dur- a draft of proposed legislation to amend

AND DOMESTIC ALLOTMENT ACT ing the adjournment of the Senate, ap- section 305 of the National Aeronautics The VICE PRESIDENT laid before pointed Mr. MUNDT, Mr. ERVIN, and Mr. and Space Act of 1958, entitled “Prop- the Senate a communication from the MUSKIE as members of the Advisory Com- erty Rights in Inventions"; which, with Acting Secretary of Agriculture, transmission on Intergovernmental Relations, the accompanying paper, was referred to mitting, pursuant to law, a report of the established by the act of September 24, the Committee on Aeronautical and operations, expenditures, and obliga1959. Space Sciences.

tions under the Soil Conservation and MUTUAL SECURITY PROGRAM

Domestic Allotment Act, for the fiscal
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the
LIQUIDATION OF STOCKS OF AGRICULTURAL

year 1959, and a report of the emerSenate the following message from the

COMMODITIES AND EXPANSION OF MAR

gency hurricane and flood damage resPresident of the United States, which was

KETS FOR SURPLUS AGRICULTURAL COM

toration measure; which, with the ac

MODITIES received by the Secretary of the Senate

companying report, was referred to the during the sine die adjournment of the

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before

Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.
Senate; which was referred to the Com-

the Senate a communication from the
mittee on Foreign Relations:
Acting Secretary of Agriculture, trans-

ANNUAL REPORT OF FARM CREDIT

ADMINISTRATION
mitting, pursuant to law, the annual
To the Congress of the United States: report of the Secretary of Agriculture

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before
Transmitted herewith is the 15th semi-

the Senate a communication from the entitled "Orderly Liquidation of Stocks annual report on the operations of the

Governor of the Farm Credit Adminisof Agricultural Commodities Held by mutual security program for the period

tration, transmitting, pursuant to law, the Commodity Credit Corporation and ending December 31, 1958. The report

the annual report of the Farm Credit the Expansion of Markets for Surplus

Administration on the work of the cowas prepared by the coordinator of the Agricultural Commodities"; which, with

operative farm credit system for the mutual security program, with partici- the accompanying report was referred fiscal year 1959; which, with the accompation by the Department of State (in- to the Committee on Agriculture and panying report, was referred to the cluding the International Cooperation Forestry.

Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

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retary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, transmitting, pursuant to law, 7 reports of 11 violations of regulations by incurring in excess of approved apportionments of appropriations "Control of veneral diseases," "Sanitary engineering activities,” “Hospitals and medical care," and "Foreign Quarantine Service"; fiscal years 1959 and 1960; which, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on Appropriations,

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Acting Secretary of Commerce, transmitting, pursuant to law, a report of violation of regulations by incurring in ex

of approved apportionments of appropriation "Federal-aid highway (trust fund), 1958, Bureau of Public Roads," fiscal year 1958; which was referred to the Committee on Appropriations.

REPORT OF AWARD OF MILITARY

CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks, Department of the Navy, transmitting, pur. suant to law, à semiannual report of military construction contracts, awarded on other than a competitive basis to the lowest responsible bidder, for the quarter ended June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying paper, was referred to the Committee on Armed Services. REPORT OF AWARD OF MILITARY CON

STRUCTION CONTRACTS FOR DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director of Legislative Liaison, Department of thé Air Force, transmitting pursuant to 1,aw, a semiannual report of the Air Force military construction contracts awarded without formal advertising for the period ended June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Armed Seryices.

cess

REPORTS OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE BUREAU

OF THE BUDGET ON THE REAPPORTION-
MENT OF APPROPRIATIONS

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate seven communications from the Director and Acting Director of the Bureau of the Budget, respectively, transmitting, pursuant to law, reports on the reapportionment of appropriations which indicate a necessity for supplemental estimates of appropriations for the fiscal year 1960; which, with the accompanying papers, were referred to the Committee on Appropriations, as follows:

Veterans' Administration, “Compensations and pensions and general operating expenses”;

General Services Administration, "Operating expenses, supply distribution";

Department of Commerce, "Salaries and expenses”;

Department of the Army, “Civil functions";

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, “Salaries and expenses, grants to States for public assistance";

Department of the Interior, "Operation and maintenance and resources management, Bureau of Indian Affairs":

Treasury Department, “Salaries and expenses”;

Department of Justice, “Salaries and expenses”; and

U.S. Secret Service, “Salaries and expenses." OVEROBLIGATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS IN

EXCESS OF APPROVED APPORTIONMENTS

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Secretary of Defense, transmitting, pursuant to law, 15 reports of 15 violations of regulations by incurring obligations in excess of approved apportionment of appropriation “Administrative Control of appropriations within the Department of Defense”; which, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on Appropriations.

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Administrator of the Veterans' Administration, transmitting, pursuant to law, a report of 96 violations of regulations by incurring in excess of approved apportionments of appropriation “Inpatient and outpatient care, Veterans' Administration,” fiscal years 1958–60; which, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on Appropriations.

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate two communications from the Secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, transmitting, pursuant to law, two reports of two violations of regulations by incurring in excess of approved apportionments of appropriation "Salaries and expenses, Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance,” fiscal years 1957 and 1958; which, with the accompanying papers, were referred to the Committee on Appropriations. OVEROBLIGATIONS APPROPRIATIONS IN

EXCESS OF APPROVED APPORTIONMENTS

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Sec

REPORT OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION CON

TRACTS FOR DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Secretary of the Army, transmitting, pursuant to law, a semiannual report of the Department of the Army military construction contracts awarded without formal advertising for the period ending June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Armed Services. EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

PROCUREMENT REPORT The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director, Legislative Liaison, Department of the Air Force, transmitting, pursuant to law, a semiannual report on experimental research and development procurement contracts in excess of $50,000, for the period ended June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Armed Services, REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY

ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CON-
TRACTS

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Chief of Naval Material (Procurement), transmitting, pursuant to law, a semiannual report of the Department of the Navy on research and development contracts in excess of $50,000, for the period ended June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Armed Services. REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CON-
TRACTS

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director of Research and Development, Department of the Army, transmitting, pursuant to law, the semiannual report of the Department of the Army on research and development contracts in excess of $50,000, for the period ended June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Armed Services.

REPORT OF STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL

MATÉRIAL STOCKPILING PROGRAM The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director of the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, Executive Office of the President ,transmitting, pursuant to law, a semiannual report on the strategic and critical materials stockpiling program for the period ended June 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Armed Services. FEDERAL CONTRIBUTIONS FOR CIVIL

DEFENSE The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director of the Office of Civil and Defense Mo. bilization, Executive Office of the President, transmitting, pursuant to law, the quarterly report of contributions to the States (including territories and possessions) for civil defense purposes for the quarter ended September 30, 1959; which, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on Armed Seryices.

ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY BY THE OF

FICE OF CIVIL AND DEFENSE MOBILIZA-
TION

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director of the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, Executive Office of the President, transmitting, pursuant to law, a quarterly report of property acquisitions for the quarter ended June 30, 1959; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services.

OFFICERS OF

THE

AIR FORCE ASSIGNED TO PERMANENT DUTY AT THE SEAT OF GOVERNMENT

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Director of Legislative Liaison, Department of the Air Force, transmitting, pursuant to law, a report of the number of officers assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the executive element of the Air Force

OF

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