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(d) Subsection (g) of section 2397b of this title, and the definitions prescribed in subsection (f) of such section, apply to this section.
(e) This section does not apply to contracts for the purchase of commercial items (as defined in section 4(12) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12))).
(Added by identical amendments P.L. 99-500, 99-591, 99-661, 88101(c) [$ 931(a)], 101(c) [§ 931(a)], 931(a), Oct. 18, Oct. 30, Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783-156, 3341-156, 3938, and amended P.L. 103–355, § 8105(f), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3392.)
§ 2398. Procurement of gasohol as motor vehicle fuel 6
(a) DOD MOTOR VEHICLES.-To the maximum extent feasible and consistent with overall defense needs and vehicle management practices prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary shall make contracts, by competitive bid and subject to appropriations, to purchase domestically produced alcohol or alcohol-gasoline blends containing at least 10 percent domestically produced alcohol for use in motor vehicles owned or operated by the Department of Defense.
(b) OTHER FEDERAL FUEL PROCUREMENTS.-Consistent with the vehicle management practices prescribed by the heads of affected departments and agencies of the Federal Government and consistent with Executive Order Number 12261, whenever the Secretary of Defense enters into a contract for the procurement of unleaded gasoline that is subject to tax under section 4081 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for motor vehicles of a department or agency of the Federal Government other than the Department of Defense, the Secretary shall buy alcohol-gasoline blends containing at least 10 percent domestically produced alcohol in any case in which the price of such fuel is the same as, or lower than, the price of unleaded gasoline.
(c) SOLICITATIONS.-Whenever the Secretary issues a solicitation for bids to procure unleaded gasoline under subsection (b), the Secretary shall expressly include in such solicitation a request for bids on alcohol-gasoline blends containing at least 10 percent domestically produced alcohol.
(Added P.L. 97-295, §1(29)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1293, and amended P.L. 102–190, § 841(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1448.)
§ 2399. Operational test and evaluation of defense acquisition programs
(a) CONDITION FOR PROCEEDING BEYOND LOW-RATE INITIAL PRODUCTION. (1) The Secretary of Defense shall provide that a major defense acquisition program may not proceed beyond lowrate initial production until initial operational test and evaluation of the program is completed.
(2) In this subsection, the term "major defense acquisition program" means—
• Subsection (d) of section 841 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (P.L. 102-190, 105 Stat. 1449) provides:
(d) SENSE OF CONGRESS.[42 U.S.C. 8871 note] It is the sense of Congress that whenever any motor vehicle capable of operating on gasoline or alcohol-gasoline blends that is owned or operated by the Department of Defense or any other department or agency of the Federal Government is refueled, it shall be refueled with an alcohol-gasoline blend containing at least 10 percent domestically produced alcohol if available along the normal travel route of the vehicle at the same or lower price than unleaded gasoline.
(A) a conventional weapons system that is a major system within the meaning of that term in section 2302(5) of this title; and
(B) is designed for use in combat.
(b) OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.-(1) Operational testing of a major defense acquisition program may not be conducted until the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation of the Department of Defense approves (in writing) the adequacy of the plans (including the projected level of funding) for operational test and evaluation to be conducted in connection with that program.
(2) The Director shall analyze the results of the operational test and evaluation conducted for each major defense acquisition program. At the conclusion of such testing, the Director shall prepare a report stating the opinion of the Director as to
(A) whether the test and evaluation performed were adequate; and
(B) whether the results of such test and evaluation confirm that the items or components actually tested are effective and suitable for combat.
(3) The Director shall submit each report under paragraph (2) to the Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, and the congressional defense committees. Each such report shall be submitted to those committees in precisely the same form and with precisely the same content as the report originally was submitted to the Secretary and Under Secretary and shall be accompanied by such comments as the Secretary may wish to make on the report.
(4) A final decision within the Department of Defense to proceed with a major defense acquisition program beyond low-rate initial production may not be made until the Director has submitted to the Secretary of Defense the report with respect to that program under paragraph (2) and the congressional defense committees have received that report.
(5) In this subsection, the term "major defense acquisition program" has the meaning given that term in section 139(a)(2)(B) of this title.
(c) DETERMINATION OF QUANTITY OF ARTICLES REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL TESTING.-The quantity of articles of a new system that are to be procured for operational testing shall be determined by
(1) the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation of the Department of Defense, in the case of a new system that is a major defense acquisition program (as defined in section 139(a)(2)(B) of this title); or
(2) the operational test and evaluation agency of the military department concerned, in the case of a new system that is not a major defense acquisition program.
(d) IMPARTIALITY OF CONTRACTOR TESTING PERSONNEL.-In the case of a major defense acquisition program (as defined in subsection (a)(2)), no person employed by the contractor for the system being tested may be involved in the conduct of the operational test and evaluation required under subsection (a). The limitation in the preceding sentence does not apply to the extent that the Secretary of Defense plans for persons employed by that contractor to be in
volved in the operation, maintenance, and support of the system being tested when the system is deployed in combat.
(e) IMPARTIAL CONTRACTED ADVISORY AND ASSISTANCE SERVICES. (1) The Director may not contract with any person for advisory and assistance services with regard to the test and evaluation of a system if that person participated in (or is participating in) the development, production, or testing of such system for a military department or Defense Agency (or for another contractor of the Department of Defense).
(2) The Director may waive the limitation under paragraph (1) in any case if the Director determines in writing that sufficient steps have been taken to ensure the impartiality of the contractor in providing the services. The Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall review each such waiver and shall include in the Inspector General's semi-annual report an assessment of those waivers made since the last such report.
(3)(A) A contractor that has participated in (or is participating in) the development, production, or testing of a system for a military department or Defense Agency (or for another contractor of the Department of Defense) may not be involved (in any way) in the establishment of criteria for data collection, performance assessment, or evaluation activities for the operational test and evaluation.
(B) The limitation in subparagraph (A) does not apply to a contractor that has participated in such development, production, or testing solely in testing for the Federal Government.
(f) SOURCE OF FUNDS FOR TESTING.-The costs for all tests required under subsection (a) shall be paid from funds available for the system being tested.
(g) DIRECTOR'S ANNUAL REPORT.-As part of the annual report of the Director under section 139 of this title, the Director shall describe for each program covered in the report the status of test and evaluation activities in comparison with the test and evaluation master plan for that program, as approved by the Director. The Director shall include in such annual report a description of each waiver granted under subsection (e)(2) since the last such report. (h) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) The term "operational test and evaluation" has the meaning given that term in section 139(a)(2)(A) of this title. For purposes of subsection (a), that term does not include an operational assessment based exclusively on
(A) computer modeling;
(B) simulation; or
(C) an analysis of system requirements, engineering proposals, design specifications, or any other information contained in program documents.
(2) The term "congressional defense committees" means the Committees on Armed Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives.
(Added P.L. 101-189, §802(a)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1484, and amended P.L. 102-484, $819, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2458; P.L. 103-160, § 904(d), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1728; P.L. 103-337, § 1070(a)(11), (f), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2856, 2859.)
[Former § 2399 repealed by P.L. 100-370, § 1(f)(2), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 846 (See section 2324(e)(1)(L))]
§ 2400. Low-rate initial production of new systems
(a) DETERMINATION OF QUANTITIES TO BE PROCURED FOR LOWRATE INITIAL PRODUCTION.-(1) In the course of the development of a major system, the determination of what quantity of articles of that system should be procured for low-rate initial production (including the quantity to be procured for preproduction verification articles) shall be made
(A) when the milestone II decision with respect to that system is made; and
(B) by the official of the Department of Defense who makes that decision.
(2) In this section, the term "milestone II decision" means the decision to approve the engineering and manufacturing development of a major system by the official of the Department of Defense designated to have the authority to make that decision.
(3) Any increase from a quantity determined under paragraph (1) may only be made with the approval of the official making the determination.
(4) The quantity of articles of a major system that may be procured for low-rate initial production may not be less than one operationally configured production unit unless another quantity is established at the milestone II decision.
(5) The Secretary of Defense shall include a statement of the quantity determined under paragraph (1) in the first SAR submitted with respect to the program concerned after that quantity is determined. If the quantity exceeds 10 percent of the total number of articles to be produced, as determined at the milestone II decision with respect to that system, the Secretary shall include in the statement the reasons for such quantity. For purposes of the preceding? sentence, the term "SAR" means a Selected Acquisition Report submitted under section 2432 of this title.
(b) LOW-RATE INITIAL PRODUCTION OF WEAPON SYSTEMS.-EXcept as provided in subsection (c), low-rate initial production with respect to a new system is production of the system in the minimum quantity necessary
(1) to provide production-configured or representative articles for operational tests pursuant to section 2399 of this title; (2) to establish an initial production base for the system; and
(3) to permit an orderly increase in the production rate for the system sufficient to lead to full-rate production upon the successful completion of operational testing.
(c) LOW-RATE INITIAL PRODUCTION OF NAVAL VESSEL AND SATELLITE PROGRAMS.-(1) With respect to naval vessel programs and military satellite programs, low-rate initial production is production of items at the minimum quantity and rate that (A) preserves the mobilization production base for that system, and (B) is fea
So in original. Reference in subsection (a)(5) to "the preceding sentence" should refer to the first sentence.
sible, as determined pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(2) For each naval vessel program and military satellite program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report providing
(A) an explanation of the rate and quantity prescribed for low-rate initial production and the considerations in establishing that rate and quantity;
(B) a test and evaluation master plan for that program;
(C) an acquisition strategy for that program that has been approved by the Secretary, to include the procurement objectives in terms of total quantity of articles to be procured and annual production rates.
(Added P.L. 101-189, §803(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1487, and amended P.L. 103–355, § 3015, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3332.)
[Former § 2400 transferred to § 2502 and then § 2507]
§ 2401. Requirement for authorization by law of certain contracts relating to vessels and aircraft
(a)(1) The Secretary of a military department may make a contract for the lease of a vessel or aircraft or for the provision of a service through use by a contractor of a vessel or aircraft only as provided in subsection (b) if
(A) the contract will be a long-term lease or charter; or
(B) the terms of the contract provide for a substantial termination liability on the part of the United States.
(2) The Secretary of a military department may make a contract that is an agreement to lease or charter or an agreement to provide services and that is (or will be) accompanied by a contract for the actual lease, charter, or provision of services only as provided in subsection (b) if the contract for the actual lease, charter, or provision of services is (or will be) a contract described in paragraph (1).
(b)(1) The Secretary may make a contract described in subsection (a)(1) if—
(A) the Secretary has been specifically authorized by law to make the contract;
(B) before a solicitation for proposals for the contract was issued the Secretary notified the Committees on Armed Services and on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives of the Secretary's intention to issue such a solicitation; and
(C) the Secretary has notified the Committees on Armed Services and on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives of the proposed contract and provided a detailed description of the terms of the proposed contract and a justification for entering into the proposed contract rather than providing for the lease, charter, or services involved through purchase of the vessel or aircraft to be used under the contract, and a period of 30 days of continuous session of Congress has expired following the date on which notice was received by such committees.