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(e) ASSISTANCE SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATIONS.-The authority of the Secretary of Defense to make grants under this section in any fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose.
(Added P.L. 97-86, §912(aX1), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1122, and amended P.L. 98-115, §808, Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 789; P.L. 100-26, $70kX3), April 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; P.L. 100-456, $2805, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2116; P.L. 101-510, §4102(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1851; P.L. 102-25, 8701(X3), April 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 116; P.L. 102-484, 88 1061(28), 4301(a)(c), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2500, 2696; P.L. 103-160, §2913, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1925; P.L. 103– 337, §§ 1122(a), 1123(a), (b), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2870.)
$2392. Prohibition on use of funds to relieve economic dislocations
(a) In order to help avoid the uneconomic use of Department of Defense funds in the procurement of goods and services, the Congress finds that it is necessary to prohibit the use of such funds for certain purposes.
(b) No funds appropriated to or for the use of the Department of Defense may be used to pay, in connection with any contract awarded by the Department of Defense, a price differential for the purpose of relieving economic dislocations.
(Added P.L. 97-86, § 913(a)(1), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1123.)
§2393. Prohibition against doing business with certain offerors or contractors 3
(a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary of a military department may not solicit an offer from, award a contract to, extend an existing contract with, or, when approval by the Secretary of the award of a subcontract is required, approve the award of a subcontract to, an offeror or contractor which to the Secretary's knowledge has been debarred or suspended by another Federal agency unless
(A) in the case of debarment, the debarment of the offeror or contractor by all other agencies has been terminated or the period of time specified for such debarment has expired; and (B) in the case of a suspension, the period of time specified by all other agencies for the suspension of the offeror or contractor has expired.
(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply in any case in which the Secretary concerned determines that there is a compelling reason to solicit an offer from, award a contract to, extend a contract with, or approve a subcontract with such offeror or contractor.
(b) Whenever the Secretary concerned makes a determination described in subsection (a)(2), he shall, at the time of the determination, transmit a notice to the Administrator of General Services describing the determination. The Administrator of General Services shall maintain each such notice in a file available for public inspection.
(c) In this section:
(1) The term "debar" means to exclude, pursuant to established administrative procedures, from Government contracting
3 For a provision relating to regulations providing for government-wide effect of debarment, suspension, or other exclusion of a participant in a procurement activity, see section 2455 of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (P.L. 103–355; 31 U.S.C. 6101 note), set forth on page 452.
and subcontracting for a specified period of time commensurate with the seriousness of the failure or offense or the inadequacy of performance.
(2) The term "suspend" means to disqualify, pursuant to established administrative procedures, from Government contracting and subcontracting for a temporary period of time because a concern or individual is suspected of engaging in criminal, fraudulent, or seriously improper conduct.
(d) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations a requirement that each contractor under contract with the Department of Defense shall require each contractor to whom it awards a contract (in this section referred to as a subcontractor) to disclose to the contractor whether the subcontractor is or is not, as of the time of the award of the subcontract, debarred or suspended by the Federal Government from Government contracting or subcontracting. The requirement shall apply to any subcontractor whose subcontract is in an amount greater than the simplified acquisition threshold (as defined in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11))). The requirement shall not apply in the case of a subcontract for the acquisition of commercial items (as defined in section 4(12) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12))).
(Added P.L. 97-86, §914(a), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1124, and amended P.L. 100-180, §1231(17), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1161; P.L. 101-510, §813(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1596; P.L. 102190,1061(aX11), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473; P.L. 103–355, §§4102(e), 8105(c), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3340, 3392.)
§ 2394. Contracts for energy or fuel for military installations
(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary of a military department may enter into contracts for periods of up to 30 years
(1) under section 2689 of this title; and
(2) for the provision and operation of energy production facilities on real property under the Secretary's jurisdiction or on private property and the purchase of energy produced from such facilities.
(b) A contract may be made under subsection (a) only after the approval of the proposed contract by the Secretary of Defense.
(c) The costs of contracts under this section for any year may be paid from annual appropriations for that year.
(Added P.L. 97-214, § 6(a)(1), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 171, and amended P.L. 97-321, §805(b)(3), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1573; P.L. 101-510, § 1301(12), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1668.)
§ 2394a. Procurement of energy systems using renewable
forms of energy
(a) In procuring energy systems the Secretary of a military department shall procure systems that use solar energy or other renewable forms of energy whenever the Secretary determines that such procurement is possible and will be cost effective, reliable, and otherwise suited to supplying the energy needs of the military department under his jurisdiction.
(b) The Secretary of Defense shall from time to time study uses for solar energy and other renewable forms of energy to determine what uses of such forms of energy may be cost effective and reliable in supplying the energy needs of the Department of Defense. The Secretary of Defense, based upon the results of such studies,
shall from time to time issue policy guidelines to be followed by the Secretaries of the military departments in carrying out subsection (a) and section 2857 of this title.
(c)(1) For the purposes of this section, an energy system using solar energy or other renewable forms of energy shall be considered to be cost effective if the difference between (A) the original investment cost of the energy system using such a form of energy, and (B) the original investment cost of the energy system not using such a form of energy can be recovered over the expected life of the system.
(2) A determination under paragraph (1) concerning whether a cost-differential can be recovered over the expected life of a system shall be made using the life-cycle cost methods and procedures established pursuant to section 544(a) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8254(a)).
(Added P.L. 97-321, §801(aX1), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1569, and amended P.L. 98-525, $1405(36), Oct 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2623; P.L. 101-510, §§ 1322(a)(7), 2852(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1671, 1804; P.L. 102–25, § 701(g)(2), April 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 115.)
§ 2395. Availability of appropriations for procurement of technical military equipment and supplies
Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for the procurement of technical military equipment and supplies remain available until spent.
(Added as §2394 P.L. 97-258, §2(b)(4)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1053; redesignated § 2395 and amended P.L. 97–295, § 1(28)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1291.)
§ 2396. Advances for payments for compliance with foreign laws, rent in foreign countries, tuition, and pay and supplies of armed forces of friendly foreign countries
(a) An advance under an appropriation to the Department of Defense may be made to pay for
(1) compliance with laws and ministerial regulations of a foreign country;
(2) rent in a foreign country for periods of time determined by local custom; and
(b)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service of the Navy, an officer of an armed force of the United States accountable for public money may advance amounts to a disbursing official of a friendly foreign country or members of an armed force of a friendly foreign country for
(A) pay and allowances to members of the armed force of that country; and
(B) necessary supplies and services.
(2) An advance may be made under this subsection only if the President has made an agreement with the foreign country
(A) requiring reimbursement to the United States for amounts advanced;
(B) requiring the appropriate authority of the country to advance amounts reciprocally to members of the armed forces of the United States; and
(C) containing any other provision the President considers necessary to carry out this subsection and to safeguard the interests of the United States.
(Added as §2395 P.L. 97-258, §2(b)(4)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1053; redesignated § 2396 and amended P.L. 97–295, § 1(28)(B), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1291.)
$2397. Employees or former employees of defense contractors: reports 4
(a) In this section:
(1) The term "contract" means a contract (including the net amount of modifications to, and the exercise of options under, the contract) that is in an amount in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold, as in effect at the time that the contract is awarded. The term does not include a contract for the purchase of commercial items (as defined in section 4(12) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12))). (2) The term "defense contractor" means a person that provides services, supplies, or both (including construction) to the Department of Defense under a contract directly with the Department.
(3) The term "served", when used with "otherwise", includes the representation of a defense contractor
(A) at a hearing, trial, appeal, or other action in which the United States was a party and that involved services, supplies, or both (including construction) that were provided to, or to be provided to, the Department by the contractor; and
(B) in a transaction with the Department that involved services, supplies, or both (including construction) that were provided to, or to be provided to, the Department by the contractor.
(b)(1) This subsection applies to
(A) a former or retired officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who (i) has at least 10 years of active service, and (ii) held for any period during that service a grade above captain or, if the Navy, above lieutenant; and
(B) a former civilian official or employee (including a consultant or part-time employee) of the Department of Defense whose pay rate (at any time during the three-year period before the end of the last service of the person with the Department) was at least equal to the minimum rate at the time for GS-13.
(2)(A) If a person to whom this subsection applies (i) was employed by, or served as a consultant or otherwise to, a defense contractor at any time during a year at an annual pay rate of at least $25,000 and the defense contractor was awarded contracts by the Department of Defense during the preceding year that totaled at least $10,000,000, and (ii) within the two-year period ending on the day before the person began the employment or consulting relation
For other restrictions on employment of certain officers of the United States, see section 27 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 423) [page 569]; section 3326 of title 5, United States Code (page 767]; sections 207, 208, and 281 of title 18, United States Code [page 667]; section 908 of title 37, United States Code [page 768]; and sections 601-603 of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7211-7213) (page 769].
ship, the person served on active duty or was a civilian employee for the Department, the person shall file a report with the Secretary of Defense in such manner and form as the Secretary may prescribe. The person shall file the report not later than 90-days after the date on which the person began the employment or consulting relationship.
(B) The person shall file an additional report each time, during the two-year period beginning on the date the active duty or civilian employment with the Department terminated, that the person's job with the defense contractor significantly changes or the person commences an employment or consulting relationship with another defense contractor under the conditions described in the first sentence. A person required to file an additional report under this subparagraph shall file the report within 30 days after the date of the change or the date the employment or consulting relationship commences, as the case may be.
(3) The report shall contain the following information:
(A) The name and address of the person reporting.
(B) The name and address of the defense contractor that employed the person or for whom the person served as a consultant or otherwise.
(C) The title of the position of the person when serving the defense contractor.
(D) A description of the duties and work performed or to be performed by the person for the defense contractor, and a description of any similar duties or work performed for which the person had at least partial responsibility as a civilian official or employee of the Department of Defense or a member of the armed forces during the two-year period referred to in paragraph (2)(A)(ii).
(E) The military grade of the person while on active duty or the gross pay rate while performing civilian service for the Department.
(F) A description of the duties and the work performed by the person while on active duty or performing civilian service for the Department during the two-year period referred to in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) and a description of the type of work performed and the extent to which such work was performed by the person for the defense contractor that has employed the person or has retained the person as a consultant.
(G) The date the active duty or civilian service by the person for the Department ended and the date the service with the defense contractor began and, if applicable, ended.
(H) Other pertinent information the Secretary requires.
(I) A statement describing any disqualification action taken by the person during the two-year period referred to in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) with respect to any involvement in a matter concerning the defense contractor.
(c)(1) A person who (A) holds civilian office or employment (including employment as a consultant or part-time employee) in the Department at any time during a year at a pay rate at least equal to the minimum rate for GS-13, and (B) within the two-year period before the effective date of employment with the Department was employed by, or served as a consultant or otherwise to, a defense