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executive agency concerned finds so doing to be most practicable and to be advantageous to the Government. The head of each executive agency responsible for the disposal of foreign excess property may execute such documents for the transfer of title or other interest in property and take such other action as he deems necessary or proper to dispose of such property; and may authorize the abandonment, destruction, or donation of foreign excess property under his control which has no commercial value or the estimated cost of care and handling of which would exceed the estimated proceeds from its sale. June 30, 1949, c. 288, Title IV, § 402, 63 Stat. 398.

Section 513. Proceeds from disposal; foreign currencies; United

States currency; disposition. Proceeds from the sale, lease, or other disposition of foreign excess property, (a) shall, if in the form of foreign currencies or credits, be administered in accordance with procedures that may from time to time be established by the Secretary of the Treasury, and (b) shall, if in United States currency, or when any proceeds in foreign currencies or credits shall be reduced to United States currency, be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts: Provided, That the provisions of section 485(b) of this title (which by their terms apply to property disposed of under subchapter II of this chapter) shall be applicable to proceeds of foreign excess property disposed of for United States currency under this subchapter: And provided further, That any executive agency disposing of foreign excess property under this subchapter (1) may deposit, in a special account with the Treasurer of the United States, such amount of the proceeds of such dispositions as it deems necessary to permit appropriate refunds to purchasers when any disposition is rescinded or does not become final, or payments for breach of any warranty, and (2) may withdraw therefrom amounts so to be refunded or paid, without regard to the origin of the funds withdrawn. June 30, 1949, c. 288, Title IV, § 403, 63 Stat. 398.

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Section 514. General provisions—(a) Promulgation of policies.

The President may prescribe such policies, not inconsistent with the provisions of this subchapter, as he shall deem necessary to effectuate the provisions of this subchapter, which provisions shall guide each executive agency in carrying out its functions hereunder.

*** June 30, 1949, c. 288, Title IV, § 404, 63 Stat. 398.

PART XVII, TITLE 41

CHAPTER 1.-GENERAL PROVISIONS

PUBLIC ADVERTISING STATUTE Section 5. Advertisements for proposals for purchases and con

tracts for supplies or services for Government departments; application to Government sales and

contracts to sell. Unless otherwise provided in the appropriation concerned or other law, purchases and contracts for supplies or services for the Government may be made or entered into only after advertising a sufficient time previously for proposals, except (1) when the

a amount involved in any one case does not exceed $2,500, (2) when the public exigencies require the immediate delivery of the articles or performance of the service, (3) when only one source of supply is available and the Government purchasing or contracting officer shall so certify, or (4) when the services are required to be performed by the contractor in person and are (A) of a technical and professional nature or (B) under Government supervision and paid for on a time basis. Except (1) as authorized by section 1638 of Appendix to Title 50, (2) when otherwise authorized by law, or (3) when the reasonable value involved in any one case does not exceed $500, sales and contracts of sale by the Government shall be governed by the requirements of this section for advertising.

In the case of wholly owned Government corporations, this section shall apply to their administrative transactions only. As amended Aug. 28, 1958, Pub. L. 85–800, § 7, 72 Stat. 967.

Reference in Text.

Section 1638 of Appendix to Title 50, referred to in the text, was repealed by act June 30, 1949, and is now covered by chapter 10 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works. 40 U.S.C. 484(e) also expired on 30 June 1955.

BUY AMERICAN ACT OF 1933
Section 10a. American materials required for public use.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and unless the head of the department or independent establishment concerned shall determine it to be inconsistent with the public interest, or the cost to be unreasonable, only such unmanufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been mined or produced in the United States, and only such manufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been manufactured in the United States substantially all from articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured, as the case may be, in the United States, shall be acquired for public use. This section shall not apply with respect to articles, materials, or supplies for use outside the United States, or if articles, materials, or supplies of the class or kind to be used or the articles, materials, or supplies from which they are manufactured are not mined, produced, or manufactured, as the case may be, in the United States in sufficient and reasonably available commercial quantities and of a satisfactory quality. Mar. 3, 1933, c. 212, Title 3, § 2, 47 Stat. 1520.

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Section 10b. Contracts for public works; specifications for use

of American materials; blacklisting contractors

violating requirements. (a) Every contract for the construction, alteration, or repair of any public building or public work in the United States growing out of an appropriation heretofore made or hereafter to be made shall contain a provision that in the performance of the work the contractor, subcontractors, materialmen, or suppliers, shall use only such unmanufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been mined or produced in the United States, and only such manufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been manufactured in the United States substantially all from articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured, as the case may be, in the United States except as provided in section 10a of this title: Provided, however, That if the head of the department or independent establishment making the contract shall find that in respect to some particular articles, materials, or supplies it is impracticable to make such requirement or that it would unreasonably increase the cost, an exception shall be noted in the specifications as to that particular article, material, or supply, and a public record made of the findings which justified the exception.

(b) If the head of a department, bureau, agency, or independent establishment which has made any contract containing the provision required by subsection (a) of this section finds that in the performance of such contract there has been a failure to comply with such provisions, he shall make public his findings, including therein the name of the contractor obligated under such contract, and no other contract for the construction, alteration, or repair of any public building or public work in the United States or elsewhere shall be awarded to such contractor, subcontractors, materialmen, or suppliers with which such contractor is associated or affiliated, within a period of three years after such finding is made public. Mar. 3, 1933, c. 212, Title III, § 3, 47 Stat. 1520.

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Section 10c. Definition of terms used in sections 10a and 10b. When used in sections 10a and 10b of this title

(a) The term "United States”, when used in a geographical sense, includes the United States and any place 'subject to the jurisdiction thereof;

(b) The terms “public use”, “public building”, and “public work” shall mean use by, public building of, and public work of, the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Canal Zone, and the Virgin Islands. Mar. 3, 1933, c. 212, Title III, § 1, 47 Stat. 1520; 1946 Proc. No. 2695, eff. July 4, 1946, 11 F.R. 7517, 60 Stat. 1352; as amended June 25, 1959, Pub. L. 86–70, $ 43, 73 Stat. 151; as amended July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–624, § 28, 74 Stat. 411. Section 10d. Clarification of Congressional intent regarding sec

tions 10a and 10b (a). In order to clarify the original intent of Congress, hereafter, section 10a of this title and that part of section 10b(a) of this title preceding the words "Provided, however," shall be regarded as requiring the purchase, for public use within the United States, of articles, or supplies manufactured in the United States in sufficient and reasonably available commercial quantities and of a satisfactory quality, unless the head of the department or independent establishment concerned shall determine their purchase to be inconsistent with the public interest or their cost to be unreasonable. Oct. 29, 1929, c. 787, Title VI, 8 633, 63 Stat. 1024. E. 0. 10582, 17 December 1954. Uniform Procedures for De

terminations. Ex. Ord. No. 10582, Dec. 17, 1954, 19 F.R. 8723, provided :

Section 1. As used in this order, (a) the term “materials” includes articles and supplies, (b) the term “executive agency” includes executive department, independent establishment, and other instrumentality of the executive branch of the Government, and (c) the term "bid or offered price of materials of foreign origin" means the bid or offered price of such materials delivered at the place specified in the invitation to bid including applicable duty and all costs incurred after arrival in the United States.

Section 2. (a) For the purposes of this order materials shall be considered to be of foreign origin if the costs of the foreign products used in such materials constitutes fifty percentum or more of the costs of all the products used in such materials.

(b) The bid or offered price of materials of domestic origin shall be deemed to be unreasonable, or the purchase of such materials shall be deemed to be inconsistent with the public interest, if the bid or offered price thereof exceeds the sum of the bid or offered price of like materials of foreign origin and a differential computed as provided in subsection (c) of this section.

(c) The executive agency concerned shall in each instance de

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termine the amount of the differential referred to in subsection (b) of this section on the basis of one of the following-described formulas, subject to the terms thereof:

(1) The sum determined by computing six per centum of the bid or offered price of materials of foreign origin.

(2) The sum determined by computing ten per centum of the bid or offered price of materials of foreign origin exclusive of applicable duty and all costs incurred after arrival in the United States; provided that when the bid or offered price of materials of foreign origin amounts to less than $25,000, the sum shall be determined by computing ten per centum of such price exclusive only of applicable duty.

Section 3. Nothing in this order shall affect the authority or responsibility of an executive agency:

(a) To reject any bid or offer for reasons of the national interest not described or referred to in this order; or

(b) To place a fair proportion of the total purchases with small business concerns in accordance with section 302(b) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended [section 252(b) of this title], section 2(b) of the Armed Services Procurement Act of 1947, as amended [section 2301 of Title 10], and section 202 of the Small Business Act of 1953 [section 631 of Title 15); or

(c) To reject a bid or offer to furnish material of foreign origin in any situation in which the domestic supplier offering the lowest price for furnishing the desired materials undertakes to produce substantially all of such materials in areas of substantial unemployment, as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with such appropriate regulations as he may establish and during such period as the President may determine that it is in the national interest to provide to such areas preference in the award of Government contracts: Provided, That nothing in this section shall prevent the rejection of a bid or offered price which is excessive; or

(d) To reject any bid or offer for materials of foreign origin if such rejection is necessary to protect essential nationalsecurity interests after receiving advice with respect thereto from the President or from any officer of the Government designated by the President to furnish such advice.

Section 4. The head of each executive agency shall issue such regulations as may be necessary to insure that procurement practices under his jurisdiction conform to the provisions of this order.

Section 5. This order shall apply only to contracts entered into after the date hereof. In any case in which the head of an execu

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