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THE NEW
INTERNATIONAL

YEAR BOOK

A COMPENDIUM OF THE WORLD'S

PROGRESS

FOR THE YEAR

1921

EDITOR

FRANK MOORE COLBY, M.A.

NEW YORK

DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY

1922

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PREFACE

The leading topics in the present volumethe twentieth since the work began in 1898 and the fifteenth in the new series beginning in 1907– include among others the following: The Washington Conference for the Limitation of Armament discussed under WAR OF THE NATIONS and NAVAL PROGRESS with text of agreements reached before the end of the year and summary of debates on the several issues; the conflicting policies of France and her Allies; the war between Greece and Turkey; the Upper Silesian Settlement; the reversal of Russian Soviet policy; the fall of exchange and the financial chaos in the countries of Europe; the question of German solvency; the menace of revolt in Egypt and India; the movement for Irish independence and the settlement reached at the end of the year; the second year of the League of Nations; Unemployment; the first

; ; ten months of the Harding administration, etc. Outside the political field the articles on industrial subjects, social economics, and applied science are of especial importance, including RAILWAYS, SHIPBUILDING, SHIPPING, WATER POWER, RADIO-TELEGRAPHY AND TELEPHONY, AËRONAUTICS, AGRICULTURE, CITY PLANNING, and the groups of articles on Sanitary Engineering, and on the respective industries and their products.

FRANK MOORE COLBY.

408502

EDITOR

FRANK MOORE COLBY, M. A.

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

COMMISSIONER

OF

FORMERLY
VERMONT.

AND

AGRICULTURE, BOTANY, FOOD, FORESTRY, EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES
HORTICULTURE, RECLAMATION, ETC. MILO B. HILLEGAS, PH.D.,
EDWIN WEST ALLEN, PH.D.,

OF EDUCATION
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
ALFRED CHARLES TRUE, PH.D.,

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SUBJECTS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE; REGINALD GORDON,
E. H. SHINN (AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION); ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF Industrial Management.
WALTER H. EVANS, PH.D. (BOTANY AND
PLANT DISEASES); JOHN I. SCHULTE (CROP EXPLORATION; POLAR RESEARCH; ALASKA
PRODUCTION); CARL W. LARSON (DAIRY-

A. W. GREELY, PH.D.,
ING); WALTER H. BEAL (FERTILIZERS AND
SOILS); HOWARD L. KNIGHT (FOOD AND

MAJOR GENERAL, UNITED STATES ARMY; COM

MANDER GREELY POLAR EXPEDITION. NUTRITION; AGRICULTURAL LEGISLATION); J. E.

i WELLINGTON (HORTICULTURE ESTRY); RAY P. TEELE (RECLAMATION);

FINANCIAL REVIEW E. W. SHEETS (STOCK RAISING); AND WIL

0. C. LOCKHART, PH.D., LIAM A. HOOKER (VETERINARY MEDICINE).

NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE, NEW YORK CITY.
ANTHROPOLOGY (WITH ETHNOLOGY) FRENCH LITERATURE
ROBERT H. LOWIE, PH.D.,

ALBERT SCHINZ, PH.D.,
MUSEUM
NATURAL HISTORY, PROFESSOR

FRENCH LITERATURE,

AND

FOR

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OF

OF

SMITH

AMERICAN
AND

COLLEGE.

CLARK WISSLER, PH.D.,

AMERICAN

MUSEUM

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GEOLOGY; MINERALOGY

H. S. KANE,
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

ARCHAEOLOGY
OLIVER SAMUEL TONKS., PH.D.,
PROFESSOR OF ART, VASSAR COLLEGE.

GERMAN LITERATURE
AMELIA VON ENDE.

ARCHITECTURE

C. MATLACK PRICE,

FORMERLY EDITOR OF THE Architectural Record.
ASTRONOMY, METEOROLOGY

EDGAR W. WOOLARD,
UNITED STATES WEATHER BUREAU.

INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND ARBITRA

TION
CLINTON ROGERS WOODRUFF, LL.B.,
SECRETARY OF THE MUNICIPAL NATIONAL LEAGUE
AND MEMBER OF THE MOHONK CONFERENCE;
FORMERLY PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD OF PER-
BONAL REGISTRATION, PHILADELPHIA.

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LITERATURE, ENGLISH AND AMERICAN

W. B. PRESSEY
AND
DAVID LAMBUTH,

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH, DARTMOUTH COLLEGE.
LITERATURE (CONTINENTAL): SEE FRENCH

LITERATURE; GERMAN LITERATURE;
ETC.

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MEDICAL SUBJECTS

EDWARD PŘEBLE, M.D.,
NEW YORK CITY.

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MILITARY PROGRESS

C. DEWITT WILLCOX.
COLONEL, 0. S. A.; PROFESSOR OF MODERN
LANGUAGES, U. 8. MILITARY ACADEMY.

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