Undercover Operations Act: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Criminal Law of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, Second Session, on S. 804 ... May 16, 1984
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984 - 362 pages
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Abscam action agencies agents Amendment application appropriate approval Assistant Attorney authorization basis believe bill bribe cause Chairman Chief circumstances citizens civil commit concern conduct Congress conviction cooperating corrupt Counsel Court cover crime criminal activity defendant Department of Justice Director effective engage entrapment establish evidence example existing fact federal finding guidelines Hearings illegal individual inducement initiation innocent intrusive investigation involved issue judges judicial Justice Department law enforcement lawyer legislation limited matter meeting ment middlemen necessary objective obtain occur offer officials opportunity organization particular person political politicians pose present probable problems procedures proposed prosecution protect question reasonable reasonable suspicion recommendations record reliable representatives require result Review Review Committee risk safeguards Select Committee Senate Select Committee situation specific standard statement supra technique testimony tion undercover operations United warrant Weinberg
Page 85 - ... based upon the exercise or performance or the failure to exercise or perform a discretionary function or duty on the part of a federal agency or an employee of the Government, whether or not the discretion involved be abused.
Page 350 - Finally, while the inquiry must focus primarily on the conduct of the law enforcement agent, that conduct is not to be viewed in a vacuum; it should also be judged by the effect it would have on a normally law-abiding person situated in the circumstances of the case at hand.
Page 277 - The historical judgment, which the Fourth Amendment accepts, is that unreviewed executive discretion may yield too readily to pressures to obtain incriminating evidence and overlook potential invasions of privacy and protected speech.
Page 56 - Goldstein, For Harold Lasswell: Some Reflections on Human Dignity, Entrapment, Informed Consent, and the Plea Bargain, 84 Yale LJ 683 (1975); Williams, The Defense of Entrapment and Related Problems in Criminal Prosecution, 28 Ford.L.Rev.
Page 288 - To determine whether entrapment has been established, a line must be drawn between the trap for the unwary innocent and the trap for the unwary criminal.
Page 71 - The risk of being overheard by an eavesdropper or betrayed by an informer or deceived as to the identity of one with whom one deals is probably inherent in the conditions of human society. It is the kind of risk we necessarily assume whenever we speak.
Page 85 - States for injury or loss of property, or personal injury or death caused by the negligent or wrongful act or omission of any employee of the government while acting within the scope of his office or employment, under circumstances where the United States, if a private person, would be liable to the claimant in accordance with the law of the place where the act or omission occurred.
Page 3 - This morning the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the House Judiciary Committee continues its hearings on HR 5030, theproppsed legislative charter for the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Page 56 - It is surely sheer fiction to suggest that a conviction cannot be had when a defendant has been entrapped by government officers or informers because "Congress could not have intended that its statutes were to be enforced by tempting innocent persons into violations." In these cases raising claims of entrapment, the only legislative intention that can with any show of reason be extracted from the statute is the intention to make criminal precisely the conduct in which the defendant has engaged.