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A Message from the President
Looking at the Department of Com- every American is concerned with: merce today, I want to emphasize that of dealing with the crisis in our this point: we are thinking of it not cities. simply in terms of the past and traditional activities, but in terms of We must recognize that we have a renew responsibilities that will be given sponsibility which goes beyond simto this Department.
ply "business as usual," a responsi
bility to see to it that in this Nation The great majority of Americans rec- everybody has an equal chance-the ognize what a significant part private equal chance at the starting lines, business enterprise plays in this Na- the incentives, the motivation to go tion. I think all of us recognize that as up, and then the opportunities, once business becomes more effective in he does go up, to go to the very top. meeting its challenges, this means a better life for all of us.
We are going to look here for major
leadership in building bridges to huBut at the present time we are think- man dignity and providing opportuing not only of the traditional func- nity. This Department will have a tions in the field of domestic busi- major role in this field, and I know ness and international trade but also you will meet the role and meet it in terms of the role this Department effectively. can play and the major problem that
From the President's remarks to employees of the Department of Commerce, February 7, 1969.
Foreword by the Secretary of Commerce
The Department at home and abroad seeks to be the agency in government that speaks for and defends and builds the free competitive economy on which we depend for our national progress. It should not be merely the voice of business in Washington or the means of communicating from Washington to business. It has the function and responsibility of speaking in a much broader sense for the free enterprise system and doing everything it can possibly do to build and protect and sponsor the growth and strength of the economy under that system.
The Secretary is responsible for the administration of all functions and authorities assigned to the Department of Commerce and for advising the President on Federal policy and programs affecting industry, commerce and general development of the economy.
The services provided by the Department of Commerce to the economy and to the general public are described in the following pages. We invite you to use them.
In addition to his direct consultation with the President, the Secretary serves on a number of bodies organized at the White House level to advise on and carry out Administration policies and directives. The Secretary is a member of the Domestic Coun. cil and the Cabinet Committee on Economic Policy, as well as several specialized Cabinet efforts. He is chairman of the Interagency Committee on Export Expansion, the Export Expansion Advisory Committee, the Federal Advisory Council Regional Economic Development, the President's Cabinet Textile Advisory Committee, and (alternating with the Secretary of Labor) the President's Advisory Committee on Labor-Management Policy.
MAURICE H. STANS
Commerce .. Serving the
The U.S. Department of Commerce provides a wide range of services to the general public and to business. Its mission: to encourage stabilized growth for the benefit of all.
shows what each industry buys and sells to every other industry in the economy.
tion, is developing information techniques to make more readily acces. sible to industry the wealth of applied technology contained in the 31/2 million U.S. patents.
It was established by the Congress in 1903 to "foster, promote, and de. velop the foreign and domestic commerce, [and] * * * manufacturing and shipping * * * industries * * * of the United States."
The Bureau of International Com. merce has launched the most inten. sive export expansion drive in the Nation's history in order to develop new world markets for the products of our factories and our working peo. ple. It has opened permanent trade centers around the world to show U.S.-made quality products. It also has extended computer applications steadily into the field of international business, to give American traders a marketing information system matched by that available to any of their foreign competitors.
The National Bureau of Standards provides science and industry with accurate and uniform physical meas. urements for such quantities length, mass, time, volume, temper. ature, light, and radioactivity—meas. urements that are the heart of mass production technology. The agency also does research and provides serv. ices to science and industry in mate. rials science, engineering standards, and technical information and tech. nology transfer. The Bureau carries out a range of consumer-protective activities under the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act, the Flammable Fabrics Act, and the Fire Research and Safety Act.
The Department's services spotlight economic opportunities that challenge the initiative of business and industry. Its programs promote the increased use of science and technology in the development of our industrial capacity and the production of civilian goods.
It provides business with basic eco. nomic research data that permit sound decisions on industrial growth and development. The Department's statistical data and business analyses provide the standard analytic framework for use in economic policy planning.
The Bureau of Domestic Commerce stimulates economic growth by providing domestic, industrial, and mar. ket reporting, and advice and counsel on business opportunities and prob. lems; and by preparing the Nation's industry for industrial mobilization to meet emergency needs.
The Office of Telecommunications is responsible for a wide range of tech. nical research and economic and policy analyses in telecommunications.
The National Technical Information Service makes publicly available pub. lications and data files containing much of the Government's scientific and technical information.
The Department's Census Bureau, every 10 years, takes the national census of population and housing. The most recent—the 19th in our his. tory-was taken in April 1970. Infor. mation from the census provided the Nation with the basis for reapportion. ment of the House of Representatives and State and local law-making bodies. It also gives new, authoritative data for guiding many governmental and commercial programs serving the public.
NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, is a new Commerce agency created in October 1970 from several Federal organiza. tions. Through its major elementsthe National Ocean Survey, National Weather Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Environ. mental Satellite Service, Environment. al Research Laboratories, and Environ. mental Data Service—NOAA is apply. ing new knowledge and a new tech. nology of satellites, data buoys, en. vironmental sensors, and computers to improving man's understanding and uses of the physical environment and oceanic life.
In addition, the Department of Com. merce is heavily engaged in area economic development.
The Economic Development Adminis. tration helps industry and business not keeping pace with the Nation's growth rate-areas primarily marked by high unemployment and low fam. ily incomes. The result is the creation of jobs where vitally needed to foster economic and social stability.
The Office of Business Economics and the Census Bureau are developing new analytical tools, such as OBE's input-Output Study, which
The Patent Office, which plays such a key role in invention and innova.