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Professor Hart presents an unusually broadminded, impartial treatment of great issues in this new book for secondary schools. Its study cannot fail to inspire the right ideals and foster patriotism.

Emphasis is laid on the social and economic development of the nation rather than upon its wars. Balance, clearness, vividness and human interest are strong characteristics of this book.

Lewis and Hosic's Practical
English for High Schools

This book emphasizes English for work instead of English for leisure. By constantly providing material which makes English a live part of the student's life, it succeeds in doing away with self-consciousness and artificiality. In its thorough teaching of construction it leads the pupil to organize his ideas. He quickly understands what he is to do, how he is to do it and he is made to feel that it is worth doing. The result is therefore efficiency.

Méras' Le Premier Livre and Le Second Livre Each of these books is an elementary grammar and reader combined, presenting the work for a single half-year of high school. All the work in reading, grammar, conversation, and composition is based on two delightful stories, Sans Famille and Tour du Monde en Onat Vingts Jours. In both books a truly Frenc mosphere is created and French is provided that is natural, attractive and interesting.

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Bolenius's Everyday English

The way in which this book combines originality with practicality, and comprehensiveness with conciseness is most unusual. Its thorough organization and its wealth of material make. the teacher's work easy. It definitely stresses clearness and order, and interweaves English work with all the activities of the school.

Oral composition is one of the chief features of the book and is preceded by work in getting information. Throughout, the pupil is taught, first, how to think; then, how to express himself.

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A HEADLONG RETREAT. The ill-starred Austrian offensive on the Italian front ended in a headlong retreat. The impetuous attacks of the Italians rendered untenable the positions which the Austrians had taken They were in their first advance. forced to evacuate the Montello plateau, and were driven back from the Piave river, western bank of the which they had incautiously crossed, in full expectation of making their The way to the Venetian plains. sudden rise in the Piave river under heavy rains and the destruction of nearly all of the bridges which they had thrown across, made their hasty exit imperative, and they fled in such haste that they left large supplies of guns and stores behind them. Fortyfive thousand prisoners were taken by the Italians, and the total losses of the Austrians are estimated at 180,000.

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All accounts of the fighting in France
agree that the American troops go
into action with an impetuous bravery
which takes little account
posing numbers. A striking illus-
tration of this quality is their recent
capture of a German stronghold south
of the village of Torcy, northwest of
Chateau-Thierry. In this engagement,
preceded by thirteen hours of intense
artillery fire, the American

fighting for seven hours hand to hand
in the woods, practically annihilated
a German force of more than 1,000,
were not
taking prisoner all who
killed in the action, and taking also a
number of machine guns.


It was just a year ago on June 26 that the first division of the American army landed in France and was received, with rapturous


for service. Those who are assigned
to Class 1 are practically certain to
receive an early call to the colors, if
they are physically fit.

GERMANY'S "WAR AIMS." The world has grown somewhat weary of shifting official German statements of war aims and policies, couched in ambiguous terms and leading nowhere. The latest is that made by the German Foreign Secretary von Kuehlmann, in a speech to the Reichstag on June 24. From this it appears that the chief culprit in the beginning and forcing of the war was not Great Britain-as usually charged by the Germans-but Russia, aided and abetted however by France and England. As to Belgium, Von Kuehlmann declined to give any promises or make any concessions, because they would not be binding on the enemy. The positive desires of Germany and her allies are "a free, strong, independent existence, within the boundaries drawn for us by history, overseas possessions corresponding to our greatness and wealth, the freedom of the sea, carrying our trade to all parts of the world." Von Kuehlmann modof estly disclaimed any intention world domination, based his hopes of complete German victory on the German position on the battlefields and her "enormous military resources," and described the idea of victory for the Entente as a dream, an illusion. Von Kuehlmann's statement only strengthens the conviction that there can be no world peace until Germany is completely beaten on the battlefield.


The average American finds it hard
to understand why the United States
should hesitate to declare war against
Turkey and Bulgaria when those coun-
tries are in direct alliance with Ger-
many and Austria, and their troops
may at any moment be confronting
'American forces in France. As mat-
ters now are, the Turkish and Bul-
garian legations still hold their stand-
ing at Washington, and Turks and
Bulgars in this country cannot be
treated as enemy aliens, although they
are essentially that. The recent out-
rage at Tabriz, Persia, where
American missionary hospital
and the
sacked by Turkish
American consulate occupied by them
brings about an acute situation which
can scarcely end in anything short of
The United
a declaration of war.
States has addressed three messages
Turkish Govern-
of inquiry to the
ment, without receiving any reply, and
it would seem that the time has come,
when the next step should be taken.

tions of enthusiasm by the French
people. During the year this division
has grown to an army of more than
900,000, of whom 650,000 constitute a
fighting force, holding sectors in at
least six places on the battle line, on
the Marne, in Picardy and in Flanders.
Behind this fighting force, in camps
in this
and cantonments
equipped and ready to move,
1,000,000 men, and behind these, an-
other 1,000,000 who will fill up the
gaps left at home as division after
division sails for the front. Consider-
ing that the United States entered
the war only fifteen months ago, and
was at the time admittedly unprepared
for any serious war effort, this is a
pretty good record.

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revised by Americans, who, in their
zeal to produce something better, con-
sumed months in trying out
to in-
plans, with no result except
crease the weight of the machine, and
to hold up production until today only
one machine is ready to be
The same experience befell the build-
ers of the Caproni, the Italian bomb-
ing plane.


The latest exploit of the German submarine raiders off the Atlantic coast is the sinking of a British transport, which was under charter by the United States and had been used for conveying troops to the other side. Happily, the ship was westward bound, and there were no troops on board. Of the crew of 148, sixtyseven are missing. The torpedoing occurred about 700 miles east of the Delaware capes. The submarine was not seen until a torpedo had struck the ship. Afterwards she rose to the surface and fired nineteen shells into the sinking vessel. Nothing had been heard of the operations of the submarines for four days before the torpedoing of this ship, and it is uncer-tain whether this attack was the work of a homeward bound U-boat, or of to re-enone that was on its way force those previously sent. One result of the U-boat raids which the Germans could not have anticipated has been a great boom in the recruiting for the American naval service. In the first week in June 14,400 men were enrolled in the naval reserve broke alone-a number which second records-and in the there were 12,308 recruits.

all week

A WISE DELAY. The British Government has reached the wise decision to postpone for the present both the question of home rule for Ireland and that of conscription in Ireland. It has thereby exposed itself criticism from both sides, but it can well afford to face that rather than force to the front, at this critical stage in the war, questions which must inevitably create bitter dissension. Any re-enforcement of British arms which might be secured by drafts in Ireland would be more than offset by the necessity of maintaining in Ireland a military force strong enough to put down inevitable revolt, and the home rule question, with the attendant problem of the government of Ulster, may well than wait for quieter times these, since it already has waited so long. It is not impossible that the measures which have been taken to stimulate voluntary recruiting in Ireland may make both questions less acute than they are now.

We can better appreciate why we should now buy only the things we need when we stop to think that in the past the supply of labor and materials has been chiefly consumed by ordinary civilian needs while now a large proportion of it must be devoted to the needs of the army and navy. It is self-evident that the labor and materials, the supply of which is limited, now used by the Government cannot be used also for unnecessary civilian wants.

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1 yearly subscription to Public Service, with one Teacher Benefits

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High spots from 216 cities. Second edition printing; 25c in lots of 10 or

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Universal Training for Citizenship and Public Service, 281 pp.
Teacher's Personality Cards

(5 for 10c; 10 for 15c; 50 for 50c; per 100, 75c; per 1000, $5.-Postpaid)

(All books, 10 or more reduction.)


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