Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives
Clarendon Press, 1997 M07 10 - 420 pages
India is a country of great diversity. The commonly used indicators of `quality of life' (such as life expectancy, infant mortality, and literacy) vary tremendously between the different states, rivalling international contrasts between very low performing countries and very high achieving ones. This volume of essays reflects an attempt to draw lessons from the disparate experiences within India, rather than from contrasts with the experiences of other countries. It supplements Drèze and Sen's India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, which studies what we can learn from international comparisons of policies, actions, and achievements. The essays challenge exclusively economic judgements of the development process. The first task is to identify the ends of economic and social development in order to have a basis in which to found the means and strategies. The second task is to understand a wider range of means than those related simply to the use or non-use of markets.The first two overview essays study the issues at the national level, focusing on policy debates and district-by-district demographic indicators, respectively. They are followed by detailed case studies of three very different states: Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, and West Bengal.
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achievements agrarian relations agricultural labourers all-India Andhra Pradesh basic bias in child Bihar Census of India cent Centre child mortality child survival Cochin Communist consumption decline Delhi demographic district Drèze E.M.S. Namboodiripad effect estimates expenditure female disadvantage female labour-force participation female literacy female—male ratio fertility gender bias groups growth head-count ratio higher households important income India Kerala Indian average inequality infant mortality janmi Jeffrey Kerala Kerala and India Kerala India Krishnan land reform landless landlords Left Front levels literacy rate Madhya Pradesh Madras Malabar male literacy ment missionary mortality rate movement Namboodiri Namboodiripad National Sample Survey Nayar oppressed castes organizations peasant per-capita Political Weekly population poverty programmes proportion public distribution system redistribution region role rural areas scheduled castes schools social South India Studies Table Tamil Nadu teachers tenants Tharakan Thiruvananthapuram tion Travancore urban Uttar Pradesh variables village wage West Bengal women