The Other Half of Gender: Men's Issues in Development
This book is an attempt to bring the gender and development debate full circle-from a much-needed focus on empowering women to a more comprehensive gender framework that considers gender as a system that affects both women and men. The chapters in this book explore definitions of masculinity and male identities in a variety of social contexts, drawing from experiences in Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. It draws on a slowly emerging realization that attaining the vision of gender equality will be difficult, if not impossible, without changing the ways in which masculinities are defined and acted upon. Although changing male gender norms will be a difficult and slow process, we must begin by understanding how versions of masculinities are defined and acted upon.
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activities adolescent adult afﬁrm areas Barker and Ricardo behavior beneﬁts boys Bungoma Caribbean changes child Colombia comandos condom conﬁrm conﬂict cultural deﬁned developing countries difﬁcult districts domestic violence economic employment engage factors fatherhood fathers favelas female ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst focus gangs gender issues gender roles genocide girls groups higher HIV/AIDS homicide household identity impact income increased inﬂuence involved Isiolo district Kenya Latin America Liberia lives low-income majority male youth male-female marginalized marriage masculinity men’s issues men’s roles mother norms ofﬁcial partners peer percent political population programs promote rates reﬂect region relationships reported reproductive health Rio de Janeiro rural Rwandan sexual and reproductive Sierra Leone signiﬁcant social society South Africa speciﬁc Sub-Saharan Africa suggest traditional United Upper Guinean forest urban violence against women World Bank young men’s young women youth bulge
Page 19 - East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa...
Page xxvi - UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund...
Page 27 - Table 1) but includes an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is most easily understood as the equivalent number of years in full health that a newborn can expect to live based on current rates of ill-health and mortality.
Page 139 - Africa is likely to perpetuate the cycle of political instability, ethnic wars, revolutions and anti-regime activities that already affects many of these countries. Unemployed youth provide exceptional fodder for radical movements and terrorist organizations, particularly in the Middle East.
Page 195 - Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women...
Page 139 - ... of international donors and of health and social service providers, the international security community, too, has begun to take notice. In April 2002, in a written response to congressional questioning, the US Central Intelligence Agency noted that "several troublesome global trends — especially the growing demographic youth bulge in developing nations whose economic systems and political ideologies are under enormous stress — will fuel the rise of more disaffected groups willing to use...
Page 76 - Such expressions are more common among the couples who have been together only a few years, and they tend to disappear as the household persists. The grandmother family (Type C) is so called because the grandmother or some female relative, perhaps a sister, usurps the function of the father and, at times, the function of the mother.
Page 5 - To recognize diversity in masculinities is not enough. We must also recognize the relations between the different kinds of masculinity: relations of alliance, dominance and subordination. These relationships are constructed through practices that exclude and include, that intimidate, exploit, and so on. There is a gender politics within masculinity