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To amend the Act of June 29, 1935 (the Bankhead-Jones Act), as amended, to strengthen the conduct of research of the Department of Agriculture.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the

United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act of June 68 Stat. 574. 29, 1935 (the Bankhead-Jones Act), as amended (7 U. S. C. 427–427]), 68 Stat. 575. is amended by adding at the end of section 10 thereof the following:

60 Stat. 1085.

"(e) Appropriations for research work in the Department of Agri- 7 USC 4271. culture shall be available for accomplishing such purposes by contract through the means provided in subsection (a) hereof."

Approved July 28, 1954.

(276)

83d Congress Chapter 655 - 2d Session

S. 2759

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AN ACT

All 68 Stat. 652. To amend the Vocational Rehabilitation Act so as to promote and assist in the

extension and improvement of vocational rehabilitation services, provide for a more effective use of available Federal funds, and otherwise improve the provisions of that Act, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be Vooational Recited as the "Vocational Rehabilitation Amendments of 1954".

habilitation

Amendments of AMENDMENTS TO TIIE VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION ACT Sec. 2. The Vocational Rehabilitation Act (29 U. S. C. ch. 4) is 41 Stat. 735. amended to read as follows:

1954.

“AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR GRANTS; PURPOSES FOR WHICH

AVAILABLE

“Section 1. For the purpose of assisting the States in rehabilitating physically handicapped individuals so that they may prepare for and engage in remunerative employment to the extent of their capabilities, thereby increasing not only their social and economic well-being but also the productive capacity of the Nation, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1955, the sum of $30,000,000, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1956, the sum of $45,000,000, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1957, the sum of $55,000,000, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1958, the sum of $65,000,000, and for each fiscal year thereafter such sums as Congress may determine, for grants to carry out the purposes of this Act. The Types of grants, sums so appropriated for any fiscal year shall be available for

"(1) grants to States under section 2 to assist them in meeting the costs of vocational rehabilitation services;

“(2) grants to States under section 3 to assist them in initiating projects for the extension and improvement of their vocational rehabilitation services; and

"(3) grants to States and to public and other nonprofit organizations and agencies under section 4 to assist in meeting the costs of projects for research, demonstrations, training, and traineeships, and special projects, which hold promise of making a substantial contribution to the solution of vocational rehabilitation problems common to a number of States, including temporary assistance in initiating a substantial nationwide expansion of

vocational rehabilitation programs in the States. The portion of such sums which shall be available for each of such Availability. three types of grants shall be specified in the Act appropriating such sums, except that the first $23,000,000 of the aggregate sums so appropriated for any fiscal year shall be available for grants to States under section 2 to assist them in meeting the costs of vocational rehabilitation services.

"GRANTS TO STATES FOR VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES

“Sec. 2. (a) (1) From the sums available for any fiscal year for grants to States to assist them in meeting the costs of vocational rehabilitation services, each State shall be entitled to an allotment of an amount which bears the same ratio to such sums as the product of (A) the population of the State and (B) the square of its allotment percentage (as defined in section 11 (h)) bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all the States.

54-998 0 - 71 - 19

All 68 Stat. 653.

“(2) The allotment to any State for any fiscal year, as computed under the provisions of paragraph (1), which is less than such State's base allotment, shall, notwithstanding such provisions, be increased to

the amount of such base allotment. Base allotment.

“(3) For the

purposes of this section, a State's base allotment is an amount equal to the amount allotted to such State for expenditures, under its State plan approved under this

Act, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1954 (which, in the case of the District of Columbia, shall be the amount appropriated to the Secretary for such fiscal year for providing rehabilitation services in the District of Columbia), increased by a uniform percentage which, if applied to the amounts so allotted to all the States, would increase the total of such allotments to $23,000,000.

“(4) The allotment to any State, as computed under the provisions of paragraph (1) for any fiscal year, which is greater than such State's base allotment by a percentage in excess of one and one-half times the percentage by which the sums available for allotments under this section for such year exceed $23,000,000, shall be reduced by the amount of such excess.

“(5) Sums equal to the reductions effected under paragraph (4) for any fiscal year shall be added to the allotments of other States as computed under paragraph (1) for such year as follows:

“(A) The allotment of any State as so computed which is less than such State's base allotment, shall be increased to the amount of such base allotment.

“(B) The remainder of such sums shall be used to increase by a uniform percentage the allotment of each of the States whose allotments were not subject to reduction under paragraph (4), but with such adjustments as may be necessary to prevent the allotment of any of such States from being so increased as to require reduction under paragraph (4).

"(b) (1) From each State's allotment under this section for any fiscal year ending after June 30, 1962, the Secretary shall pay to such State an amount equal to the Federal share (determined as provided in section 11 (i)) of the cost of vocational rehabilitation services under the plan for such State approved under section 5, including expenditures for the administration of the State plan.

“(2) From each State's allotment under this section for any fiscal year ending prior to July 1, 1962, the Secretary shall make payments to such Ştate, with respect to the cost of vocational rehabilitation services under the plan of such State approved under section 5, including expenditures for the administration of the State plan, determined as follows:

“(A) A portion of such allotment equal to the State’s base allotment shall be available for payment to such State of its adjusted Federal share of such cost of vocational rehabilitation services.

“(B) After such portion has been paid in full, any remaining portions of a State's allotment shall be available for payment to such State of an amount equal to its Federal share (determined as provided in section 11 (i)) of such cost for which payments have

not been made under subparagraph (A).

“(3) For the purposes of this subsection> Adjusted Federal “(A) a State's adjusted Federal share for any fiscal year share.

"(i) in the case of any fiscal year ending prior to July 1, 1959, the 1954 Federal share for such State; and

“(ii) in the case of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1960, June 30, 1961, or June 30, 1962, the Federal share for such

means

All 68 Stat. 654.
State for such year increased (if it is less than such State's
1954 Federal share) or decreased (if it is greater than such
State's 1954 Federal share) by 75 per centum, 50 per centum,
and 25 per centum, respectively, of the difference between
such Federal share for the year involved and the 1954 Federal

share. “(B) A State's 1954 Federal share means the percentage which 1954 Federal (i) the base allotment of such State is of (ii) the sum of such share. allotment and the amount of 1954 State funds.

“(C) The 1954 State funds for any State shall be the amount 1954 State funds, of State and other non-Federal funds available for expenditures, under such State's plan approved under this Act, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1954, as estimated by the Secretary for purposes of determining such State's allotment for such year for such expenditures, except that the 1954 State funds for the District of Columbia shall be the amount appropriated for such fiscal year out of the general fund of the District of Columbia for vocational

rehabilitation. "(c) If in any State there is, during the fiscal year ending June 30, Services for 1954, a State agency administering or supervising the administration the blind. of the part of the State plan under which vocational rehabilitation services are provided for the blind, separate from the State agency administering or supervising the administration of the remainder of the State plan

"(1) for each consecutive fiscal year during which there are Division of such separate agencies, the portion of such State's allotment which allotment. is equal to such State's base allotment shall be divided between the two agencies in the same proportion as the amount allotted to the State under this Act for expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1954, was divided between such agencies;

“(2) for each such consecutive fiscal year ending prior to July Separate Fed1, 1962, separate Federal shares shall be established for such agen- eral shares. cies for purposes of subsection (b) (2), and for such purposes

“(A) the 1954 Federal share for each shall be the percentage which (i) the portion of the State's allotment for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1954, which was made available to each, is of (ii) the portion of the sum of such allotment and the amount of 1954 State funds available to each for expenditures, under the State plan approved under this Act, during such year, and

“(B) the portion of the allotment referred to in subsection (b) (2) (A) for each shall be the portion of the State's allotment allocated to each pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.

66

“GRANTS TO STATES FOR EXTENSION AND IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS

"Sec. 3. (a) (1) From the sums available for any fiscal year for Basis of grants to States to assist them in initiating projects for the extension allotments. and improvement of vocational rehabilitation services, each State shall be entitled to an allotment of an amount bearing the same ratio to such sums as the population of such State bears to the population of all the States. The allotment to any State under the preceding sentence for any fiscal year which is less than $5,000 (or such other amount as may be specified as a minimum allotment in the Act appropriating such sums for such year) shall be increased to that amount, the total of the increases thereby required being derived by proportionately reducing the allotments to each of the remaining States under the preceding sentence, but with such adjustments as may be necessary to

A11 68 Stat. 655.

prevent the allotment of any of such remaining States from being

thereby reduced to less than that amount. HEW payment. “(2) From each State's allotment under this section for any fiscal

year, the Secretary shall pay to such State a portion of the cost of approved projects for the extension and improvement of vocational

rehabilitation services (including their administration) under the Projeot apa

State plan. The Secretary shall approve any project for purposes proval, of this section only if the plan of such State approved under section 5

includes such project or is modified to include it and only if he finds the project constitutes an extension or improvement of vocational rehabilitation services under the State plan or will contribute mate

rially to such an extension or improvement. Duration, "(b) Payments under this section with respect to any project may

be made for a period of not to exceed three years beginning with the commencement of the first fiscal year for which any payment is made with respect to such project from an allotment under this section. To the extent permitted by the State's allotment under this section, such payments with respect to any project shall be equal to 75 per centum of the cost of such project, except that, at the request of the State, such

payments may be less than such percentage of the cost of such project. Restriotion, “(c) No payment may be made from an allotment under this section

with respect to any cost with respect to which any payment is made under section 2.

“GRANTS FOR SPECIAL PROJECTS “Sec. 4. (a) From the sums available therefor for any fiscal year,

the Secretary shall make grants to States and public and other nonResoaroh, train profit organizations and agencies (1) for paying part of the cost of ing, eto. projects for research, demonstrations, training, and traineeships, and

projects for the establishment of special facilities and services, which, in the judgment of the Secretary, hold promise of making a substantial

contribution to the solution of vocational rehabilitation problems Program ex- common to all or several States, and (2) for planning, preparing for, pansion, and initiating, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1955, and the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1956, a substantial nationwide expansion Limitations, of vocational rehabilitation programs in the States. No grant shall.

be made under clause (1) or clause (2) of this subsection for furnish

ing to an individual any one course of study extending for a period in Direot services. excess of two years. Any grant of funds under this subsection which Approval, will be used for direct services to physically handicapped individuals

or for establishing facilities which will render direct services to such individuals must have the prior approval of the appropriate State

agency. Demonstration **(b) The Secretary shall be authorized to cooperate in assisting rehabilita- with the financing of a pilot demonstration rehabilitation center in the tion oenter, metropolitan Washington area to be used as a guide for rehabilitation Washington, centers which may be set up later in other parts of the country. Sums D. C., area, made available for such a pilot demonstration center in the Washing

ton area may be used during such initial period as the Secretary may determine for such services as hospitalization, domiciliary care, and rehabilitation training, including costs of board and room of trainees and other services essential to the program, as in the discretion of the Secretary deems desirable. The services of such a pilot demonstration rehabilitation center in the metropolitan Washington area shall be made available to area civil service employees as well as to other

patients. Paymonts. "(c) Payments under this section may be made in advance or by way

of reimbursement for services performed and purchases made, as may

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