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[PUBLIC LAW 353—818r CONGRESS)
(CHAPTER 68618T SESSION)

(H. R. 4381)

AN ACT To provide cumulative sick and emergency leave with pay for teachers and

attendance officers in the employ of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all teachers and attendance officers in the employ of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia shall be entitled to cumulative leave with pay for personal illness, presence of contagious disease or other death in the home, or pressing personal emergency, in accordance with such rules and regulations as the said Board of Education may prescribe. Such cumulative leave with pay shall be granted at the rate of one day for each month from September through June of each year, both inclusive. The total cumulation shall not exceed sixty days for probationary and permanent teachers and attendance officers, and the total cumulation shall not exceed ten days for temporary teachers and attendance officers.

Sec. 2. In addition to the cumulative leave provided by the first section of this Act each probationary and permanent teacher shall be credited on July 1, 1949, with one day of leave with pay for each complete year of service in the public schools of the District of Columbia prior to July 1, 1949: Provided, That the total amount to be credited under the provisions of this section shall not exceed twenty days and shall be granted for the same purposes as leave with pay is provided in the first section of this Act. Attendance officers shall be credited on July 1, 1949, with all cumulative leave with pay to which they are entitled on June 30, 1949, under the provisions of section 18 of the District of Columbia Teachers' Salary Act of 1947. The total cumulation of leave with pay allowable under this Act and the District of Columbia Teachers' Salary Act of 1947 shall not exceed sixty days, and no attendance officer shall be entitled to annual or sick leave with pay under the provisions of any other Act..

Sec. 3. Probationary and permanent teachers and attendance officers shall be entitled to use all leave to their credit when they are granted maternity leave by the Board of Education.

Sec. 4. In cases of serious disability or ailments, and when required by the exigencies of the situation, and in accordance with such rules and regulations as the Board of Education may prescribe, the superintendent of schools may advance additional leave with pay not to exceed twenty days to every probationary or permanent teacher or attendance officer who may apply for such advanced leave.

Sec. 5. In the event of separation from the service of any teacher or attendance officer who is indebted for unearned advanced leave, such teacher or attendance officer shall refund the amount of pay received for the period of such excess. If such teacher or attendance officer fails to make such refund, deductions therefor shall be made from any salary due him or from any amount standing to his credit under the provisions of the Act entitled "An Act for the retirement of public school teachers in the District of Columbia”, approved August 7, 1946. The provisions of this section shall not apply in cases of death, retirement for disability, or in the event that the teacher or attendance officer to whom leave with pay has been advanced is unable to return to duty because of disability.

SEC. 6. The Board of Education is hereby authorized to employ substitute teachers and attendance officers for service during the absence of any teacher or attendance officer on leave with pay and to fix the rate of compensation to be paid

such substitutes. Sec. 7. The Board of Education is hereby authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as it may deem necessary to carry this Act into effect. The term “teacher” used in this Act shall include all employees whose salaries are fixed by article I of title I of the District of Columbia Teachers' Salary Act of 1947. The term "attendance officers” shall include all employees whose salaries are fixed by class 32 in article II of title I of the District of Columbia Teachers' Salary Act of 1947.

Sec. 8. There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the District of Columbia not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act, and any appropriations for the public schools of the District of Columbia for personal services are hereby made available for the payment of the substitutes provided for in section 6 of this Act.

Sec. 9. The following parts of Acts are hereby repealed:

(a) So much of section 14 of the Act entitled “An Act to fix and regulate the salaries of teachers, school officers, and other employees of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes”, approved July 7, 1947, as reads: "The said Board shall prescribe the amount to be deducted from the salary of absent teacher for whom an annual substitute may perform service.";

(b) Section 18 of the Act entitled "An Act to fix and regulate the salaries of teachers, school officers, and other employees of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes", approved July 7, 1947; and

(c) So much of the first section of the Act entitled "An Act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and twelve, and for other purposes”, approved March 4, 1911 (36 Stat. 1395), under the subheading “District of Columbia", as reads: "Provided, That leave of absence of any regularly employed teacher shall not exceed thirty calendar days in any one school year, and for this period such teacher who may be absent shall be paid, in case the absence is due to personal illness, death in family, or quarantine on account of contagious disease, the salary of the position, less the amount paid to the substitute teacher, and any absence in excess of said thirty days or absence for cause other than herein specified shall be without compensation: Provided further, That all other employees of the Board of Education may, in the discretion of said Board, he granted not exceeding thirty days' leave of absence with pay in any one calendar year, and in the event of the

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absence of any janitor, assistant janitor, engineer, assistant engineer, or caretaker, at any time during school sessions the Board of Education is hereby authorized to appoint a substitute, who shall be paid the salary of the position in which employed, and the amount paid to such substitute shall be deducted from the salary of the absent employee.”

SEC. 10. This Act may be cited as “District of Columbia Teachers' Leave Act of 1949”.

SEC. 11. This Act shall become effective July 1, 1949.
Approved October 13, 1949.

[PUBLIC LAW 507—81st CONGRESS]
(CHAPTER 171—2D SESSION)

(S. 247]

AN ACT To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity,

and welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National Science Foundation Act of 1950”.

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ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Sec. 2. There is hereby established in the executive branch of the Government an independent agency to be known as the National Science Foundation (hereinafter referred to as the "Foundation"). The Foundation shall consist of a National Science Board (hereinafter referred to as the “Board”) and a Director.

FUNCTIONS OF THE FOUNDATION
Sec. 3. (a) The Foundation is authorized and directed-

to develop and encourage the pursuit of a national policy for the promotion of basic research and education in the sciences;

(2) to initiate and support basic scientific research in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, engineering, and other sciences, by making contracts or other arrangements (including grants, loans, and other forms of assistance for the conduct of such basic scientific research and to appraise the impact of research upon industrial development and upon the general welfare;

; (3) at the request of the Secretary of Defense, to initiate and support specific scientific research activities in connection with matters relating to the national defense by making contracts or other arrangements (including grants, loans, and other forms of assistance) for the conduct of such scientific research;

(4) to award, as provided in section 10, scholarships and graduate fellowships in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, engineering, and other sciences;

(5) to foster the interchange of scientific information among scientists in the United States and foreign countries;

(6) to evaluate scientific research programs undertaken by agencies of the Federal Government, and to correlate the Foundation's scientific research programs with those undertaken by individuals and by public and private research groups;

(7) to establish such special commissions as the Board may from time to time deem necessary for the purposes of this Act; and

(8) to maintain a register of scientific and technical personnel and in other ways provide a central clearinghouse for information covering all scientific and technical personnel in the United States, including its Territories and possessions.

(b) In exercising the authority and discharging the functions referred to in subsection (a) of this section, it shall be one of the objectives of the Foundation to strengthen basic research and education in the sciences, including independent research by individuals, throughout the United States, including its Territories and possessions, and to avoid undue concentration of such research and education.

(c) The Foundation shall render an annual report to the President for submission on or before the 15th day of January of each year to the Congress, summarizing the activities of the Foundation and making such recommendations as it may deem appropriate. Such report shall include (1) minority views and recommendations if any, of members of the Board, and (2) information as to the acquisition and disposition by the Foundation of any patents and patent rights.

NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

SEC. 4. (a) The Board shall consist of twenty-four members to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and of the Director ex officio, and shall, except as otherwise provided in this Act, exercise the authority granted to the Foundation by this Act. The persons nominated for appointment as members (1) shall be eminent in the fields of the basic sciences, medical science, engineering, agriculture, education, or public affairs; (2) shall be selected solely on the basis of established records of distinguished service; and (3) shall be so selected as to provide representation of the views of scientific leaders in all areas of the Nation. The President is requested, in the making of nominations of persons for appointment as members, to give due consideration to any recommendations for nomination which may be submitted to him by the National Academy of Sciences, the Association of Land Grant Colleges and Universities, the National Association of State Universities, the Association of American Colleges, or by other scientific or educational organizations.

(b) The term of office of each voting member of the Board shall be six years, except that (1) any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term; and (2) the terms of office of the members first taking office after the date of enactment of this Act shall expire, as designated by the President at the time of appointment, eight at the end of two years, eight at the end of four years, and eight at the end of six years, after the date of enactment of this Act. Any person who has been a member of the Board for twelve consecutive years shall thereafter be ineligible for appointment during the two-year period following the expiration of such twelfth year.

(c) The President shall call the first meeting of the Board, at which the first order of business shall be the election of a chairman and a vice chairman.

(d) The Board shall meet annually on the first Monday in December and at such other times as the Chairman may determine, but he shall also call a meeting whenever one-third of the members so request in writing. A majority of the voting members of the Board shall constitute a quorum. Each member shall be given notice, by registered mail mailed to his last-known address of record not less than fifteen days prior to any meeting, of the call of such meeting.

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