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Favorite Viands of Uncivilized Races and their foods are simple and effective. Vegetable Their Preparation.

foodstuffs are preserved by drying, and among

the less sedentary tribes are strung or tied in North America.

bundles for facility of transportation or storage. EDITOR MEDICAL WORLD:-The food of the The preservation of maize, mesquite beans, acorns, Indians of the northern regions of North America etc., brought about the introduction of granaries is three-quarters animal, and in the southern part and other storage devices. Animal food, owing three-quarters vegetable.

to its perishable character, is often dried or The most important food plant of the Indians

frozen, but at times is preserved by smoking. is maize, next to which come beans, peas, pota

Dried meat is sometimes pulverized and mixed toes, squashes, pumpkins, melons and chile. Un

with berries, grease, etc., thus forming pemmican, cultivated plants, seeds, roots and flowers of

which is highly valued for use on journeys. Fruits grasses are used as greens for flavoring, etc. are pulped and dried for preservation. Nuts are In the southwestern parts, cactus and yucca fruits,

often ground before being stored, as are also mesquite beans, and the roasted fleshy leaves and

maize, grass seeds and the legumes. Potatoes and leaf matrix of the agave are the most important

other tubers are frequently stored in the ground elements of food supply. Tuckaho and other

or near the fireplace. fungi are used for food by the eastern Indians,

The Indians often quench their thirst with and tuckaho bread is well known in the South.

drinks made from fruit, such as cider from manThe tribes of the North Pacific region make much

zanita berries, as used by various California use of the sweet inner bark of the hemlock and

tribes, and a beverage from cactus fruit by the spruce. Sweets of various kinds, savors, flavors

Pima and neighboring tribes of Arizona. and condiments are favorite Indian foods. Salt

Infusions of leaves, roots, etc., of various herbs is in general use, altho tabooed by the Onondagas.

are drunk by the Indians as medicine, but no Chile, an article of Mexican origin, became known

stimulating beverage of the character of tea or thruout the southwest, and saffron, an introduced

coffee is known to them. plant, is still used to flavor and color food, as

South America. are also parts of the squash vine. Thruout New In South America the inhabitants of Tierra del England and southeast Canada the Indians pro- Fuego obtain their food chiefly from the sea. duced sugar by evaporating maple sap, while in Mussels and limpets, sea-urchins, etc., form a the southwest it is derived from the willow and

considerable part of their diet. They prize seals the agave. In some localities clay is eaten, either and sea-otters very highly, too, but their great alone or mixed with food, or is sometimes taken feast takes place when a whale is stranded on in connection with wild potatoes. Buffalo, deer their shores. They also indulge in a kind of of various species, and fishes are the animals fungus which grows on the antarctic beech tree. most depended on by Indians for food, and the

The gelatinous mass of this fungus is pale, withporcupine is said to have been the chief food out much taste or odor. animal of the Montagnais.

The Patagonians eat anything in the animal Apache and Navajo Indians will not eat fish or line, be it guanaco, rhæa or cavy, but they have the flesh of the bear or the beaver. The Texas rather a repugnance to the flesh of dogs. Their coast Indians of bygone days ate roots prin- chief dainty is the flesh of a young mare, but cipally. Occasionally they fed on deer and fish, they prefer animals that have been disabled by but when very hungry, and other food could not an accident. They are fond of some roots, too, be had, they ate spiders, the eggs of ants, worms, such as “tus" and "chalas.” The former is somelizards, salamanders, snakes and vipers. They thing like a yam, and the latter a long slender also ate earth and wood, the dung of deer, etc. root, scarcely as thick as an ordinary pencil. The bones of fishes, snakes and other animals Their favorite drink is made from the juice of they beat to a powder, which also they readily barberries mixed with water, but not fermented. devoured.

The Araucanians, living northwest from PataThe Maidu Indians of California, in addition gonia, are large consumers of mutton, but are to consuming all kinds of vegetable products, very cruel in their preparation of it. Their greateat badgers, skunks, wild-cats and mountain lions; est delicacy is "nachi,” which is obtained from practically all birds excepting buzzards; yellow- a sheep. The wretched animal is hung up alive jacket larvæ, grasshoppers, locusts and crickets, by the forelegs, a quantity of cayenne pepper and and even salmon bones and the vertebræ of deer. salt is mixed in a bowl, and the throat of the

Like the Indians, the Eskimos prefer cooked sheep is cut so as to open the windpipe, down food, and altho their name signifies "eaters of which the operator stuffs salt and pepper as fast raw flesh,” they eat uncooked food only when as he can. He then draws out the jugular vein, absence of fuel prevents cooking. Among the cuts it, and turns the end into the severed windPueblo Indians cooking is said to have reached pipe, down which the blood flows, so as to mix a high degree of proficiency. Most of the tribes with the pepper and salt and carry them into the know how to prepare really savory and nourish- lungs, which distended with a mixture of salt, ing dishes, some of which have been adopted by pepper and blood, form the "nachi.” They have civilized people—such as hominy, maize, samp, two national drinks—"chica" and "mudai.” The succotash, etc.

former is a sort of cider, while the latter almost The Iroquois Indians and other eastern tribes exactly resembles the kava of the Polynesians, cook maize with beans, meat or vegetables. The meal being substituted, however, for the kava Pueblos add wood-ash lye to their “paper-bread,” and prepare their bread and mushes with meat, In Central South America, the Mundurucús greens, or oily seeds and nuts, besides such condi- make cassava bread and tapioca. They also feed ments as chile.

on yams, plantains and other vegetables. They The methods adopted by Indians for preserving delight in monkey flesh, too. Their chief fruits


are the so-called “nuts” of the Lecythis and the or sweet potato, which is carefully and extenBertholetia, which is familiarly known as Brazil sively cultivated. The bud of the nikau-palm, a nut. The fruit of the Lecythis is popularly known species of Areca, is highly prized, being someas “monkey-cup,” because the hard envelope, or times eaten raw, tho more often it is cooked like pericarp, which incloses the seeds, has a movable the kumera. In December they gather the pulpous lid, which falls off when the fruit is ripe and stems of one of the large tree-ferns (Cyathea enables the monkeys to draw the seeds out of the medullaris). A curious article of veg table food case. The Brazil nuts are very large and heavy, is the cow die gum, which issues from a species a number of them being inclosed in a thick and of pine. It is a clear, yellowish resin, and is imhard pericarp. In order to protect themselves, ported into England, where it is used as a varthe natives wear thick wooden caps when they nish. The pawa, a species of Haliotis, is a fago after Brazil nuts, so as to prevent being in- vorite shell food with the New Zealanders. Musjured, or perhaps even killed, by these nuts falling sels and oysters, also, are very plentiful, especially on them.

the cockscomb oyster (Ostræa criststa). They The tribes inhabiting the region of the Amazon still practise cannibalism, but not so much from River depend chiefly for their food on the beasts, a love of the taste of human flesh, as from the birds and fishes which they capture. They also superstitious idea that any one who eats the flesh eat several kinds of vegetable food, the principal of another becomes endowed with all of the best one being the cassava, which is mainly produced qualities of the victim. For this reason a chief from the plant known as Jatropha manihot, whose will often only eat the eye, which is regarded as juice is so poisonous that a small dose will the seat of the soul. The women and young chilproduce death. The venomous principle is very dren are usually not permitted to eat human flesh, volatile, so that the substance which in its raw but among the adult men the palms of the hands state is a deadly poison, becomes, when cooked, and the breast are supposed to be the best parts a wholesome article of food. The cassava roots for food. are reduced to shavings like those of the horse

New Caledonia. radish. The juice is then pressed out as far as

In New Caledonia, to the east of Australia, possible and the cassava is baked on circular iron

cannibalism is practised, but human flesh is only plates. Cassava is largely used under the name of “seminola." The juice becomes a deep brown

eaten as a great luxury, and is not an ordinary

article of diet. Roots of various kinds are eaten, liquid by boiling and is then known as "cassareep,"

as well as cocoanut and other fruits. Shellfish which is extensively used as a sauce. The natives

are also much enjoyed. Two very strange arof Guiana make an intoxicating liquor called "piwarri" from cakes of the cassava bread, which

ticles of diet are in use among these people. The are thrown into a vessel and have boiling water

first is a spider ("nongui") which spins large

and thick nets in the woods. They are cooked poured over them. Other cakes are masticated and mixed with those in the vessel. Fermenta

in a covered earthen jar, which is set on a brisk

fire. The other is a kind of clay—a soft, greenish tion then takes place rapidly, and in a short time

steatite—which crumbles very easily and has the the liquor is ready to drink. The natives are immoderately fond of this disgusting preparation.

property of distending the stomach, thus allay

ing the cravings of hunger, altho it contains no Australia.


Fiji Islands. With the aborigines of Australia the kangaroo and pigeon are favorites, but they will devour

The Fiji Islanders are much given to royal

feasts. any beast, bird, reptile, or fish, and they also

Banquets are planned months ahead. eat a considerable amount of various kinds of Vegetables are planted expressly for these festive insects. Honey, too, is highly prized. The bugong

occasions, and no one is allowed to kill pigs or moth (a heliconide butterfly) is highly esteemed. gather fruit for quite a while before the festival, These moths collect around masses of granite in

at which time the turtle-fishers get very busy. enormous quantities. The natives prepare them

Yams and root-crops are dug up, enormous ovens for eating in the following manner: A circular

are constructed and fuel is chopped. The Fijians space is cleared and on it a fire is lighted and

are skilful cooks, but unfortunately they are also kept burning till the ground is hot enough, when

devoted to cannibalism, and so are their neighbors, the fire is removed, the ashes cleared away, and

the Solomon Islanders. They call human flesh the moths are placed on the heated ground and

"bakolo," and so highly is it honored that it is stirred about till the down and wings drop off.

eaten with a fork instead of with the fingers. The insects are then placed on pieces of bark

Friendly Islands. and winnowed in order to separate the dust, wings,

The natives of the Friendly Islands delight in etc. They are then eaten, or later are placed in a wooden vessel called "walbum" or "cali

kava-drinking, which is practised thruout the bum," and are pounded into masses or cakes re

greater part of Polynesia. It is made from the sembling lumps of fat. The bodies of these

root of the pepper tree called Piper methysticum

(intoxicating pepper-tree). The making and insects are large and filled with a yellowish oil,

drinking of kava by these people are attended sweet to the taste, like nuts. Snakes intended for food are captured alive. The carpet snake, some

by elaborate ceremonies. times ten or twelve feet in length, is a favorite. It

Samoa. furnishes an abundance of meat, and the fat is

The food of the Samoans consists principally said to be especially palatable. Turtles are

of vegetables. They raise taro, yams, breadfruit, eaten.

bananas, cocoanuts and plantain. Their strangest New Zealand.

article of diet is the “palolo," a kind of annelid In New Zealand the aborigines have a wide worm allied to the Nereids, which appears only variety of food supplies, especially the “kumera," in limited localities and at certain times. It


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rises directly from the bottom of the sea to the surface, appearing, first about 4 o'clock in the morning, and continuing to increase in numbers until after sunrise, when they gradually disappear. When caught, the “palolos” are wrapped in breadfruit leaves and cooked in ovens.

Borneo. The Dyaks of Borneo have an odd custom of cooking fowls without removing the feathers. When roasted, the birds are torn joint from joint. They also like food in a nearly putrid state, such as fish or mollusks in an advanced stage of decomposition, eggs black from age, or rotten fruit, the chief of which is "durian." It is about as large as a cocoanut, slightly oval and covered with a thick, tough skin armed with sharp spines. It tastes like a rich butter-like custard highly flavored with almonds and intermingled with wafts of flavor of cream cheese, onion sauce, brown sherry and other incongruities. The national drink of the Dyaks, called “tauk," resembles thin milk, and is very intoxicating. Its odor has been compared to that of "five hundred negroes drunk in a slave-pen.” When swallowed, the victim suffers from suffocation. It is consumed in enormous quantities at their feasts, the women forcing the men to drink immoderately.

Andaman Islands. The Andaman Islanders, in the Bay of Bengal, are cannibals when urged by extreme hunger, but their general food consists of pigs, turtles, fish, etc., which are cooked in a very simple and ingenious oven. The pigs are small and black, with spare, hard bristles that look like wire. “They have,” says Captain Mouatt, "a leer that makes them look like so many Mephistopheles, who have chosen to assume that peculiar form, in many respects a very appropriate one; for, if they are not so many little devils, they are certainly possessed by them."

South Africa. The Kaffirs of South Africa consider it a great luxury to eat beef and drink sour milk. The latter is mixed with meal into a porridge, but fresh milk is never used, being regarded as very indigestible. The milk is emptied from the pail into a large store-basket, which already contains milk in the second stage. Soon a sort of fermentation takes place, and in a short time the whole of the liquid is converted into a semisolid mass and watery fluid something like whey. The latter is drawn off and used as a drink. The remainder forms a thick, clotted substance called “a-masi," which forms the Kaffir's "staff of life." It has a slightly acid flavor. The Kaffirs enjoy the flesh of the antelope known as koodoo. It has an excellent flavor, and the marrow taken from the leg bones is a special luxury. It is often eaten not only without cooking, but while still warm. Rhinoceros flesh is considered very tempting, and their intestines, as well as those of several other kinds of animals, are regarded by the Kaffirs as the best parts of the animals for food. The feet of captured elephants are eaten after being baked, the whole of the tendons, fat, bone, etc., being converted into a gelatinous mass. Elephants' trunks are cut into thick slices and baked with the feet. An oily fat is obtained from the skulls. The rest of the meat is converted into "bil tongue,” by cutting it

into strips and drying it in the sun. Honey, too, is a favorite food with the people, and they are very expert at attacking the nests and removing the combs. Nothing can induce a Kaffir to eat fish or reptiles.

The Kaffirs have a fermented drink, which is a kind of beer called "Outchualla,” made from the grain of maize or millet. As it ferments, a scum rises to the top. This is removed and poured into a vessel thru a strainer.

Dr. Lichstenstein, in his well-known work on the Bushmen, or Bosjesmen, of South Africa, remarks:

When a piece of meat was given a Bushman, half rising he stretched out a distrustful arm, snatched it hastily and stuck it immediately into the fire. He soon took the meat from the embers, wiped it hastily with his left arm and tore out with his teeth large half-raw bits, which I could see going down his meager throat. At length, when he came to the bones and sinew, as he could not manage these with his teeth, he had recourse to a knife which hung around his neck, and with this he cut off the piece which he held in his teeth, close to the mouth, without touching his nose or eyes. When the bone was picked clean, he stuck it again into the fire and after beating it between two stones, sucked out the marrow. This done, he immediately filled the emptied bone with tobacco.

The Bushmen eat snakes, reptiles and insects greedily. Roots, too, form a large portion of their diet.

The Hottentots are exceedingly fond of meat, even if it is tainted. For quality they care but little, nor does its tenderness matter much. Under its effect they become semi-intoxicated, and will gorge themselves to the utmost limit of endurance, sleeping like a boa-constrictor that has swallowed a goat, and then awaking only to gorge themselves afresh, and fall asleep again.

There is a singular variation of taste as regards the diet in use among the large number of South African tribes. Some of them, as we have seen, are depraved in this respect, eating anything and everything, fresh or tainted. Others, like the Ovambos, are quite refined in this matter. They are successful cultivators and raise vegetables of many kinds. The ordinary Kaffir corn and a kind of millet are the two most plentiful grains. Beans, peas, etc., are also in great favor, and they also cultivate the melon, pumpkins, calabashes and other kinds of fruit.

Abyssinia. The most valued kind of bread eaten by the natives of Abyssinia is called “teff.” It is very sour, soft and spongy. The grain is ground between stones and made into a thin paste, which remains in a jar for a day and night in order to become sour, and is then baked in a "magogo" or oven. They eat meat cooked or uncooked. But the great treat for an Abyssinian epicure is the "broundo," a raw meat. They will not, however, eat any animal which has incisor teeth in the upper jaw, and they reject even the camel, because it has not a cloven hoof. The still warm flesh of the animal to be devoured is sliced into strips by the men and handed by them to the women who sit by their side. The women cut it up into smalt squares, lay it on the bread, season it with a kind of paste made from capsicum pods, roll it up into balls, which they push into the mouths of their companions, who eat all they want, and then prepare similar balls which they


.gr. lxxv gr. XXX

Cardiac Palpitation in Rheumatic Cases.

Plicque, in a recent issue of Nouveaux remèdies, it is stated, advised the use of the following ointment over the precordium, in addition to administration of sodium salicylate by mouth: R Sodii salicylatis. .

Extracti hyoscyami.

.gr. XV

3 v M. et ft. unguentum.

The anointed area should be covered with flannel or a little cotton. In chronic rheumatism, in which palpitation is less common than in the more acute forms, the same ointment may be tried. Internally, however, potassium or sodium iodid in small doses is to be preferred to sodium salicylate.-N. Y. Med. Jour.

push into the mouths of the women. An Abyssinian's digestion is marvelous. He will go to any number of feasts in a day, and bring a fine fresh appetite to each, consuming at every meal a quantity of food sufficient for seven or eight hungry Americans. A traveler once gave a party to fourteen natives. They had already been to several feasts, on the same day, and the host thought they certainly could not devour very much food. But he killed a cow and two sheep and provided many gallons of mead and an infinite quantity of "teff.” To his astonishment the whole of the supply vanished, scarcely a scrap being left.

In the province of Shoa a great animal feast is given by the ruler at Easter. The banqueting room is a large chamber, with a curtained alcove on one side, in which the prince sits to view the feast. Fresh grass

strewn on the floor and round the room are set the tables-low circular pieces of wicker-work. Behind the tables, and ranged about along the wall are the bodyguards of the prince, armed with shields and a sword much like the old Roman weapon. Troops of servants are in waiting, and before the banquet they bring in the bread in piles and place it on the tables. Sometimes as many as thirty loaves are placed before each guest, the finest bread at the top and the coarsest below. The object of this arrangement is to suit the different ranks of the party. Those of the highest rank come first, and eat the finest, using the second-class bread as table napkins. When they have finished, the guests of the next rank come in, eat the second-class bread, and wipe their fingers on the third-class bread, and so on until all the food has been consumed. While musicians and dancers enliven the scene, the guests are eating as fast as they can, the servants are carrying meat from one guest to another, and making up neat little sausages of meat, bread and pepper, which they put adroitly into the mouths of the guests. The politer guests, having taken the rough edge off their own appetites by means of two or three pounds of meat, a pile of bread and a gallon or two of mead, also go to work preparing meat balls and put them into their neighbors' mouths. After this course, consisting largely of cooked mutton, has been finished, the servants bring in raw meat, still warm with life and cut from a cow that has been slaughtered at the door while the mutton and bread were being eaten.

Rheumatic Fever. Thiroloix (Presse médicale) reported his experiences with magnesium sulfate in the treatment of acute articular rheumatism. Injections of the following solution were administered in these cases: R Magnesii sulphatis. .

3 ii Aquæ sterilisatæ.

3 i S. Sig.: One dram to be injected at a dose.

Used alone, these injections had little or no effect, but when they were given in conjunction with sodium salicylate, highly satisfactory results were obtained, the disease being arrested in four or five days at the most.

Pellagrous Anemia. R Blaud's mass

.3j Quinin bisulfate

. gr. XXX Pulv. capsicum

.gr. iij Strychnin sulf.. M. and place in 30 capsules. Sig.: 1 capsule 3 times a day.-S. R. ROBERTS, in Med. Review of Reviews.

Anodyne Tablet. Dr. Hiram H. Seelye, of Atlantic Beach, Fla., suggests the following for an anodyne tablet for wounded soldiers to assuage their pain. It may be useful for other conditions: R Acetanilid.

6 grains

Y grain
Oil of wintergreen.

18 minim

78 grain

Arabia. The Bedouins of the Arabian deserts are not very highly skilled in the arts of cooking. Their greatest luxury is a feast of boiled mutton. The meat is put into a pot containing some water; but, as a rule, when it is about two-thirds cooked, the hungry Bedouins can wait no longer, but plunge their hands into the bowl to which the meat has been transferred from the cooking pot, tear it to pieces with their hands, and in a few minutes nothing is left but the cleanly picked bones. The cooking of their bread is equally simple, so that it can be readily cooked on their frequent journeys, and, indeed, a camel rider can even bake his bread while going at full speed on the dromedary. The date, which when fresh contains a large amount of_nourishment, is the chief food resource of the Bedouin, and on it alone he can exist for a long time.

R. I. GEARE. National Museum, Washington, D. C.

Diuretic Elixir. The following is given by the Vierteljahresschrift für praktische Pharmazie as Magoffin's : R Oil of juniper...

7.5 parts Alcohol

60.0 parts Fluid extract of buchu..

30.0 parts
Potassium acetate..

30.0 parts
Distilled water, q. S.

60.0 parts Aromatic elixir, q. s. to make. .500.0 parts Dissolve the potassium acetate in as little water as possible. Add the other ingredients and filter the mixture after standing twelve hours.

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MONTHLY CLINIC thin shell which is easily dissolved by the cells and


They are incapable of

penetrating even the weakest epithelium. In sumPlease notice that our CLINIC department is not used mer men have injuries to the chest; they get chilled to "boost" proprietary remedies, almanac fashion. The in the water of the river or ocean, but unless they MEDICAL WORLD has no interests other than to give to are very old or have tuberculosis, they seldom have the medical profession the greatest amount of honest service possible. It has absolutely no interests in any

pneumonia. proprietary preparation nor any medical supply house.

Now, what happens in winter-in the pneumonia Only such queries will be publisht as are likely to inter:

months ? The spore-bearing bacilli of the street est and instruct many others as well as the one asking dust and even of the bare trees have long before help. No charge is made for this service to our sub- lost their vegetative bacillary form and have all scribers. However, those who wish an immediate and turned to spores, and the capsules of these spores personal reply by mail may obtain the same by inclosing

have become thicker and more resistant and often two dollars to the Editor of this department, DR. A. L. RUSSELL, MIDWAY, WASHINGTON Co., Pa. This is really

acid-fast. When the snow is on them, no matter a consultation in the interest of the patient, and should

how cold the weather is, there is little pneumonia be charged to the patient-two dollars being a very in the community ; but if the streets and the fields moderate consultation fee. The Doctor agrees to give are bare, and the winds high-in other words, if it full, careful and immediate attention to such consulta.

is a green Christmas—the hardy spores of bacillus tions. We reserve the right to publish in this department

subtilis or some of its kindred spore-bearers are any such consultations that may be interesting and help: ful to our readers. Name and address will be withheld

inhaled with every breath by young and old. The if requested; but anonymous communications will receive

cells and secretions of the air passages break up no attention. Come freely for help, but read up as fully the spores as they did the rods in the summer, but as you can before coming to us.

the resulting cocci inherit now a thick capsule like the shell of the tubercle bacillus, and this is not

easily dissolved, even by the most vigorous epitheOrigin of Pneumococcus and Other Bacteria. lium. And in the weak and the aged, and even in Editor MEDICAL WORLD :-Being young in the

the young and strong who have by exposure, or

by overeating, or by overdrinking, or excesses of science of microscopy, I find a great many things any kind, caused a little congestion of the blood in pathologic specimens, and some that, like the vessels of the air passages, these capsuled cocci amateur astronomer, make me wish for some- gain access to the circulation and in a few hours body to tell me what they are after I have found there is another case of pneumonia. them.

In tuberculous pneumonia the development of the The thing that has bothered me most for some

acute process may be explained in the same way time is : How can a virulent germ like the

except that the pneumococcus could come from the

disintegrating tubercle bacillus. A few winters ago pneumococcus inhabit the lungs for a long time

I had a very severe epidemic of pneumonia in the (as in so-called chronic bronchitis) without pro- Home for the Aged in New Haven. Every day ducing the characteristic manifestations of pneu- for a couple of weeks, on the women's side of the monia, general and local?

institution, one or two new cases of pneumonia I have a case, also, of otitis media in a woman,

broke out. And the cases were very severe.

And 40 years old, which has discharged since child

all this while there were no cases of pneumonia on

the men's side of the institution. At about the hood and this discharge is loaded with what my

tenth day I discovered that one fussy old lady, who tests prove to be the bacillus of influenza, no

coughed but said she was not sick, had a chronic streptos nor staphylos; yet there is no history

tuberculous process of the lungs. It was against of grip or influenza in either herself or her house- the rule of the institution to harbor tuberculous hold in many years. How? Why? This same patients. . She was isolated and, after a few days, ear, by the way, is occasionally the seat of vica- sent home. Not another case of pneumonia ocrious menstruation.


curred. We found then that all the first cases were

the women who were her chums or who sat with her Gaylesville, Ala.

at table, or who slept beside her in the dormitory. (We will first refer you to our editorial in Her sputum injected into a rabbit killed it promptly this issue entitled “The Origin of Bacterial In- and filled its blood with pneumococci. fections.” After you have read that carefully This being true of the pneumococcus, it also one or more times then consider the following is true of the influenza bacillus and other bacas an addendum thereto: Dr. Maher offers the teria as well.-Ed.) following explanation of the origin of the pneumococcus, in the article quoted from in our

Malarial Hemoglobinuria. editorial :

Editor MEDICAL WORLD:-I want you to tell Let us go back to the ever-present cocci of the skin and air passages : if they are derived from the

me the best treatment for malarial hemogloharmless spore-bearing bacilli of the air and leaves,

binuria. We have it down here, in Southwest is it not easy to understand why they are harmless

Georgia, and it is a disease I get very little reon the intact skin, but become harmful when they

sults with, and I have read all the books I could have lived for a few generations, or seventy-two find about it. They say very little about it. See hours, in the broken cells and effused blood of an if some one of “the family" can suggest anything injured arm or leg? And does not this conception that will do any good or will help. We have a afford a new and inviting lead into the mysterious

young man now in our community, just 26 years problem of pneumonia-traumatic pneumonia, epidemic pneumonia, and tuberculous pneumonia ? It

of age. He was taken last week, and he has deis usually a coccus that is found frequently in veloped anemia and he is going to die within the the month vegetating harmlessly, but that from the

next 48 hours. beginning to the end of cold weather is our most We have done everything we can, and fought dangerous foe.

a hard battle, but we are going to lose and lose In warm weather the atmosphere conditions are a-fighting for his life. so favorable that the spore-bearing bacillus grows

Geo. W. BAGLEY, JR., PG., M.D. readily in nature in its bacillary form, and when

DeSoto, Ga. taken into the air passages it is easily and quickly broken into its coccal granules. These resulting

[The first question is always, in such a case, cocci inherit from their mother rod only a very shall or shall not quinin be a feature of the treat

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