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U.S. Office of Education, Mr. Wm. McLaughlin, Regional Commissioner.
Everest, Regional Assistant. Health, Education and Welfare, Dr. Alex Cohen, Cincinnati, Ohio. Housing and Urban Development, Mr. George Winzar, Washington, D.C. Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Acoustical Firm, Dr. Dwight Bishop, Los
Angeles, Calif. Bureau of Occupational Health & Safety, Mr. Alan Stevens, Cincinnati, Ohio. Bolt, Beranek & Newman, Inc., Acoustical Firm, Dr. Peter Franken, Cam
bridge, Mass. Deasey & Lolling, Architects, Mr. Robert Bolling, Los Angeles, Calif. Educational Facilities Laboratory, Mr. Alan Green, Secretary Treasurer, New
York, New York. Long Beach School District. Los Angeles School District. Boston School District. Chicago School District. Health, Education and Welfare, Mr. James Knockenhauer, Acting, Regional
, Environmental Control Director. King County Executive, Mr. John Spellman. Seattle Mayor Wes Uhlman's Office, Mr. King Lysen. Office of Senator Warren G. Magnuson, U.S. Senate, Mr. Warren F. Reid,
, , Washington, D.C. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Facilities Engineering & Con
struction Agency, Research and Development, Mr. Robert W. Blake, Director,
Mr. Len Slagle, Senior Research Architect. National Aeronautics & Space Admin., Washington, D.C. Mr. Roy P. Jockson,
Assoc. Admin. for Advanced Research & Technology; Mr. Duff Ginter,
Assistant. Department of Health, Education & Welfare, Washington, D.C., Mr. Gerrit D.
Fremouw, Director, Office of Facilities Engineering and Constuction Agency. Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education, Mr. Glen C. Boerrigter,
Chief, Applied Research Branch, Division of Research. University of Washington, Mr. Kenneth D. Garrison, Chief Architect. Industrial Noise Services, Inc., Palo Alto, California. Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration, Mr. Ken
Latcholia, Mr. John Spivey. Dept. of Health, Education & Welfare, Office of Federal Assisted Construction,
FECA, Mr. Benson L. Dutton, Director. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, D.C., Mr. Richard Skully, Direc
tor, Office of Environmental Quality, Mr. Ray Shepanek, Assistant. Office of Noise Abatement, Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.,
Mr. Charles R. Foster, Director.
Of these agencies, the Educational Facilities Laboratory, New York, indicated an interest in assisting the school district by providing consultant help to assess the severity of the problem and begin exploring alternative solutions. A small grant to the Highline District has been made by E.F.L. with the express purpose of further research into the alleviation of the noise problem through construction alternatives. This study—to be completed by August of 1973-includes the following steps:
A. Simultaneous measurement within and without the classroom during numerous flyovers.
B. Measurement of the period of time during which sound levels in dBA exceeded predetermined, tolerable levels in order to estimate the amount of time lost due to inability to communicate.
C. Establishment of a tolerance noise criteria within the classroom, based upon the special noise climate requirement of each classroom.
D. Calculation of the noise reduction from inside to outside of building.
E. Preparation of plans modifying the existing construction (by an architectural firm) which would improve the sound isolation of the exterior partition/roof system and meet varying degrees of noise reduction criteria.
F. Estimates of construction costs based upon those varying degrees of acoustical satisfaction which different classrooms required.
This was an extensive research project funded by a single school district. It was conceived and executed in the desperate hope of finding a simple, or at least economically feasible, solution to the noise problem. In the final analysis, however, the Highline School District found that the costs of repair which would meet even compromise criteria far exceed their ability to obtain requisite funding.
The current study, funded by Educational Facilities Laboratory, includes a physiological and behavioral assessment of the effects of jet noise on students. This portion of the study includes the measurement of hearing level, blood pressure, emotional responses, vocal behavior, and attitudes as manifested by students. Results will be reported as they become available.
A search of the literature was conducted, which pointed up the severity of the problem of noise pollution. The October 11, 1971, issue of Time magazine (pages 91 states that "... the din occasionally reaches 90 decibels, enough to cause permanent damage to hearing in 10% of the people who might be exposed to it for eight hours a day.” This reference was made to office buildings in the Loop area of Chicago as particularly demonstrating the severity of the problem. The staff of the Highline District is particularly concerned about this statement, as the school children in several of the Highline schools are exposed to sound levels in excess of 100 decibels.
Although the literature of late portrays the severity of the problem, there is little available information on remediation, particularly in the educational arena. With the exception of demolition or abandonment of buildings, educators have not at this point begun to scientifically study the problem.
The Highline School District has concluded, after several years of intensive study, that:
1. There is very little scientific study being conducted nationally on the noise pollution problem, particularly in the area of educational facilities.
2. There is very little support available from governmental agencies for the remediation of noise pollution problems in the nation's schools
3. Extreme pressure is being applied upon local governmental agencies to remedy the noise problem. The Highline School District Board of Directors has been under growing pressure from the community to relieve this
serious deterrent to the instructional program. The Highline School District would encourage the federal government to take the next step toward solving what has grown into a most severe problem. The serious loss of instructional time in the schools surrounding major airports is of concern to the citizens of this country. Some local school officials have undertaken the remediation of this noise pollution problem, but find that without additional support, further study will be virtually impossible.
Enrollment permanent Permanent Portable Oct. 1, 1971 construction classrooms classrooms
27,789 52, 308
$441, 700 767, 900
41, 864 38, 428 34, 112 30, 610 70, 545 25, 215 27, 243 126, 524 34, 017 34, 230 103,511 70, 132
1 0 0 4 2 2 1 22 2 5 5 4
375 495 419 488 685 310
395 515 973 829
17 43 31
HIGHLINE SCHOOL DISTRICT, BUILDINGS AFFECTED BY FLIGHT NOISE
Year of construction
Angle Lake.. 1937, 1943, 1950, 1953.---
1954, 1957 Southern Heights 1955, 1957, 1965. Midway
1955, 1957 Sunset
1958. Sunny Terrace 1958, 1960 Maywood
1958, 1960. Mt. Rainier
1959, 1964 Madrona..
1960, 1964. Glacier.
1960, 1966 Pacific.
945, 700 681, 800 653,000
728, 800 1,615, 000
486, 300 2,834, 700
660, 800 1, 754,500 1,541, 100
8, 325 14,371, 800