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86 STAT. 1239
Pub. Law 92-574 .6. October 27, 1972
new product and which is not identical to such regulation of the Administrator; or
(B) with respect to any component incorporated into such new product by the manufacturer of such product, any law or regulation setting a limit on noise emissions from such component when so incorporated. (2) Subjeci to sections 17 and 18, nothing in this section precludes or denies the right of any State or political subdivision thereof. to establish and enforce controls on environmental noise (or one or more sources thereof) through the licensing, regulation, or restriction of the use, operation, or movement of any product or combination of products.
AIRCRAFT NOISE STANDARDS Sec. 7. (a) The Administrator, after consultation with appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies and interested persons, shall conduct a study of the (1) adequacy of Federal Aviation Administration flight and operational noise controls; (2) adequacy of noise emission standards on new and existing aircraft, together with recommendations on the retrofitting and phaseout of existing aircraft; (3) implications of identifying and achieving levels of cumulative noise exposure around airports; and (4) additional measures available to airport operators and local governments to control aircraft noise. He shall report on such study to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Commerce and Public Works of the Senate within nine months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(b) Section 611 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1131) is amended to read as follows:
82 Stat. 395.
Standards and regulations,
“COXTROL AXD ABATEMENT OF AIRCRAFT NOISE AND SONIC BOOM “Sec. 611. (a) For purposes of this section:
“(1) The term FAA' means Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.
“(2) The term 'EPA' means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. “(b) (1) In order to afford present and future relief and protection to the public health and welfare from aircraft noise and sonic boom, the FAA, after consultation with the Secretary of Transportation and with EPA, shall prescribe and amend standards for the measurement of aircraft noise and sonic boom and shall prescribe and amend such regulations as the FAA may find necessary to provide for the control and abatement of aircraft noise and sonic boom, including the application of such standards and regulations in the issnance, amendment, modification, suspension, or revocation of any certificate authorized by this title. No exemption with respect to any standard or regulation under this section may be granted under any provision of this Act unless the FAA shall have consulted with EPA before such exemntion is granted, except that if the FAA determines that safety in air commerce or air transportation requires that such an exemption be granted before EPA can be consulted, the FAA shall consult with EPA as soon as practicable after the exemption is granted.
“(2) The FAA shall not issue an original type certificate under section 603(a) of this Act for any aircraft for which substantial noise abatement can be achieved by prescribing standards and regulations in accordance with this section, unless he shall have prescribed standards and regulations in accordance with this section which apply to such aircraft and which protect the public from aircraft noise and sonic boom, consistent with the considerations listed in subsection (d). October 27, 1972
72 Stat. 776. 49 USC. 1423.
86 STAT. 1240 “(c) (1) Not earlier than the date of submission of the report Proposed required by section 7(a) of the Noise Control Act of 1972, EPA shall regulations, submit to the FAA proposed regulations to provide such control and submittal to abatement of aircraft noise and sonic boom (including control and FAA. abatement through the exercise of any of the FAA's regulatory authority over air commerce or transportation or over aircraft or airport operations) as EPA determines is necessary to protect the public health and welfare. The FAA shall consider such proposed regulations sub- Publication. mitted by EPA under this paragraph and shall, within thirty days of the date of its submission to the FAA, publish the proposed regulations in a notice of proposed rulemaking. Within sixty days after such pub- Hearing. lication, the FAA shall commence a hearing at which interested persons shall be afforded an opportunity for oral (as well as written) presentations of data, views, and arguments. Within a reasonable time after the conclusion of such hearing and after consultation with EPA, the FAA shall
“(A) in accordance with subsection (b), prescribe regulations (i) substantially as they were submitted by EPA, or (ii) which are a modification of the proposed regulations submitted by EPA, or
"(B) publish in the Federal Register a notice that it is not Publication prescribing any regulation in response to EPA's submission of in Federal proposed regulations, together with a detailed explanation provid- Register.
ing reasons for the decision not to prescribe such regulations. “(2) If EPA has reason to believe that the FAA's action with respect to a regulation proposed by EPA under paragraph (1) (A) (ii) or (1) (B) of this subsection does not protect the public health and welfare from aircraft noise or sonic boom, consistent with the considerations listed in subsection (d) of this section, EPA shall consult with the FAA and may request the FAA to review, and report to EPA on, the advisability of prescribing the regulation originally proposed by EPA. Any such request shall be published in the Federal Register Report and shall include a detailed statement of the information on which it is request, based. The FAA shall complete the review requested and shall report publication to EPA within such time as EPA specifies in the request, but such in Federal
Register. time specified may not be less than ninety days from the date the request was made. The FAA's report shall be accompanied by a detailed statement of the FAA's findings and the reasons for the FAA's conclusions; shall identify any statement filed pursuant to section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 83 Stat. 853. with respect to such action of the FAA under paragraph (1) of this 42 USC 4332. subsection; and shall specify whether (and where) such statements are available for public inspection. The FAA's report shall be published Report, in the Federal Register, except in a case in which EPA's request pro- publication posed specific action to be taken by the FAA, and the FAA's report in Federal indicates such action will be taken.
Register. “(3) If, in the case of a matter described in paragraph (2) of this Supplemental subsection with respect to which no statement is required to be filed report, under such section 102(2)(C), the report of the FAA indicates that publication the proposed regulation originally submitted by EPA should not be in Federal
Register. made, then EPA may request the FAA to file a supplemental report, which shall be published in the Federal Register within such a period as EPA may specify (but such time specified shall not be less than ninety days from the date the request was made), and which shall contain a comparison of (A) the environmental effects (including those which cannot be avoided) of the action actually taken by the FAA in response to EPA's proposed regulations, and (B) EPA's proposed regulations.
86 STAT, 1241
80 Stat. 931. 49 USC 1651 note.
Notice and appeal.
Pub. Law 92-574
October 27, 1972 “(d) In prescribing and amending standards and regulations under this section, the FAA shall
“(1) consider relevant available data relating to aircraft noise and sonic boom, including the results of research, development, testing, and evaluation activities conducted pursuant to this Act and the Department of Transportation Act;
“(2) consult with such Federal, State, and interstate agencies as he deems appropriate;
“(3) consider whether any proposed standard or regulation is consistent with the highest degree of safety in air commerce or air transportation in the public interest;
"(4) consider whether any proposed standard or regulation is economically reasonable, technologically practicable, and appropriate for the particular type of aircraft, aircraft engine, appliance, or certificate to which it will apply; and
“(5) consider the extent to which such standard or regulation will contribute to carrying out the purposes of this section. “(e) In any action to amend, modify, suspend, or revoke a certificate in which violation of aircraft noise or sonic boom standards or regulations is at issue, the certificate holder shall have the same notice and appeal rights as are contained in section 609, and in any appeal to the National Transportation Safety Board, the Board may amend, modify, or reverse the order of the FAA if it finds that control or abatement of aircraft noise or sonic boom and the public health and welfare do not require the affirmation of such order, or that such order is not consistent with safety in air commerce or air transportation.” (c) All
(1) standards, rules, and regulations prescribed under section 611 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, and
(2) exemptions, granted under any provision of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, with respect to such standards, rules, and
regulations, which are in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or repealed by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration in the exercise of any authority vested in him, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.
72 Stat, 7793 85 Stat. 481. 49 USC 1429.
72 Stat. 731. 49 USC 1301 note.
Sec. 8. (a) The Administrator shall by regulation designate any product (or class thereof)
(1) which emits noise capable of adversely affecting the public health or welfare; or
(2) which is sold wholly or in part on the basis of its effectiveness in reducing noise. (b) For each product (or class thereof) designated under subsection (a) the Administrator shall by regulation require that notice be given to the prospective user of the level of the noise the product emits, or of its effectiveness in reducing noise, as the case may be. Such regulations shall specify (1) whether such notice shall be affixed to the product or to the outside of its container, or to both, at the time of its sale to the ultimate purchaser or whether such notice shall be given to the prospective user in some other manner, (2) the form of the notice, and (3) the methods and units of measurement to be used. Sections 6(c) (2) shall apply to the prescribing of any regulation under this section.
(c) This section does not prevent any State or political subdivision thereof from regulating product labeling or information respecting products in any way not in conflict with regulations prescribed by the Administrator under this section.
97-555 O - 73 - 2
Sec. 9. The Secretary of the Treasury shall, in consultation with Regulations, the Administrator, issue regulations to carry out the provisions of this Act with respect to new products imported or offered for importation.
PROHIBITED ACTS Sec. 10. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), the following acts or the causing thereof are prohibited:
(1) In the case of a manufacturer, to distribute in commerce any new product manufactured after the effective date of a regulation prescribed under section 6 which is applicable to such product, except in conformity with such regulation.
(2) (A) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any product in compliance with regulations under section 6, prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use, or (B) the use of a product after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
(3) In the case of a manufacturer, to distribute in commerce any new product manufactured after the effective date of a regulation prescribed under section 8(b) (requiring information respecting noise) which is applicable to such product, except in conformity with such regulation.
(4) The removal by any person of any notice affixed to a product or container pursuant to regulations prescribed under section 8(b), prior to sale of the product to the ultimate purchaser.
(5) The importation into the United States by any person of any new product in violation of a regulation prescribed under section 9 which is applicable to such product.
(6) The failure or refusal by any person to comply with any requirement of section 11(d) or 13(a) or regulations prescribed
under section 13(a), 17, or 18. (b) (1) For the purpose of research, investigations, studies, demon- Exemptions. strations, or training, or for reasons of national security, the Administrator may exempt for a specified period of time any product, or class thereof, from paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (5) of subsection (a), upon such terms and conditions as he may find necessary to protect the public health or welfare.
(2) Paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to any product which is manufactured solely for use outside any State and which (and the container of which) is labeled or otherwise marked to show that it is manufactured solely for use outside any State; except that such paragraphs shall apply to such product if it is in fact distributed in commerce for use in
Sec. 11. (a) Any person who willfully or knowingly violates para- Penalty. graph (1), (3), (5), or (6) of subsection (a) of section 10 of this Act shall be punished by a fine of not more than $25,000 per day of violation, or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both. If the conviction is for a violation committed after a first conviction of such person under this subsection, punishment shall be by a fine of not more than $50,000 per day of violation, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or by both.
(b) For the purpose of this section, each day of violation of any paragraph of section 10(a) shall constitute a separate violation of that section.
86 STAT, 1243
Pub. Law 92-574
October 27, 1972
(c) The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction of actions brought by and in the name of the United States to restrain any violations of section 10(a) of this Act.
(a)(1) Whenever any person is in violation of section 10(a) of this Act, the Administrator may issue an order specifying such relief as he determines is necessary to protect the public health and welfare.
(2) Any order under this subsection shall be issued only after notice and opportunity for a hearing in accordance with section 554 of title 5 of the United States Code.
(e) The term “person,” as used in this section, does not include a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States.
80 Stat, 384. Person,"
USC preo. title 1.
Sec. 12. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), any person (other than the United States) may commence a civil action on his own behalf
(1) against any person (including (A) the United States, and (B) any other governmental instrumentality or agency to the extent permitted by the eleventh amendment to the Constitution) who is alleged to be in violation of any noise control requirement (as defined in subsection (e)), or (2) against
(Ă) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency where there is alleged a failure of such Administrator to perform any act or duty under this Act which is not discretionary with such Administrator, or
(B) the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration where there is alleged a failure of such Administrator to perform any act or duty under section 611 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 which is not discretionary with
such Administrator. The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction, without regard to the amount in controversy, to restrain such person from violating such noise control requirement or to order such Administrator to perform such act or duty, as the case may be. (b) No action may be commenced (1) under subsection (a) (1)
(A) prior to sixty days after the plaintiff has given notice of the violation (i) to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (and to the Federal Aviation Administrator in the case of a violation of a noise control requirement under such section 611) and (ii) to any alleged violator of such requirement, or
(B) if an Administrator has commenced and is diligently prosecuting a civil action to require compliance with the noise control requirement, but in any such action in a court of the United States any person may intervene as a matter of
right, or (2) under subsection (a) (2) prior to sixty days after the plaintiff has given notice to the defendant that he will commence
such action. Notice under this subsection shall be given in such manner as the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall prescribe by regulation.
(c) In an action under this section, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, if not a party, may intervene as a matter of right. In an action under this section respecting a noise control requirement under section 611 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958,