Guidelines for the Treatment, Investigation, and Control of Animal Bites
Discusses medical management of animal bites, animal rabies surveillance, animal bite investigation, domestic animal isolation procedures, laboratory diagnosis of rabies, and answers questions about rabies. 9 tables, 10 figures, 4 appendices.
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Added by Stats animal bites animal bites reported animal control Animal Rabies antibiotics antibody titer antirabies treatment bite incident bite wounds biting animal bitten person brain California Department canine rabies vaccines Cat-scratch disease chloroquine clinical county or city Department of Health develop rabies Diploid disease dog or cat dog vaccinated dogs and cats domestic animals doses of HDCV EUTHANIZED exposed persons exposure to rabies foxes health officer Health Services HRIG human rabies Immune Globulin immunosuppressed Incubation period inflicted inoculation isolated mammalian bites mg/kg/day months nonbite exposure observed occur owner paralysis pets preexposure immunization public health laboratory quarantine rabid animals Rabid bats rabies antibody rabies areas Rabies Control Program rabies exposure Rabies in California rabies prophylaxis rabies testing rabies vaccination rabies virus raccoon rarely recommended risk of rabies rodents saliva salivary glands serology skunks species specimens tested for rabies tetanus tissue United Veterinary Public Health wildlife Zoonotic
Page 69 - ... shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for one, two, or three years.
Page 69 - Code because the only costs which may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, changes the definition of a crime or infraction, changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, or eliminates a crime or infraction.
Page 26 - Corticosteroids, other immunosuppressive agents, and immunosuppressive illnesses can interfere with the development of active immunity and predispose the patient to developing rabies. Immunosuppressive agents should not be administered during postexposure therapy, unless essential for the treatment of other conditions. When rabies post-exposure prophylaxis is administered to persons receiving steroids or other immunosuppressive therapy, it is especially important that serum be tested for rabies antibody...
Page 2 - Section 2606. Rabies, Animal, (a) Reporting. Any person having knowledge of the whereabouts of an animal known to have or suspected of having rabies shall report the facts immediately to the local health officer. The health officer shall likewise be notified of any person or animal bitten by a rabid or suspected rabid animal. In those areas declared by the Director of the State Department of Public Health to be rabies areas (See Section 1901.2, California Health and Safety Code) the local health...
Page 66 - ... declaring that county, or such portion of that county as may be deemed advisable, to be free from rabies or further danger of its spread.
Page 67 - ... to supplement the efforts of the local authorities in any county, city and county, or incorporated city or town whose duties are specified in this act. All expenditures incurred in enforcing such special measures shall be proper charges against the special fund created by the provisions of this act, and shall be paid as they accrue by the proper authorities of each county, city and county, or incorporated city or town in which they have been incurred ; provided, that all such expenditures which...
Page 68 - Section 3. For the purpose of carrying out and enforcing the provisions of this act...
Page 25 - Once initiated, rabies prophylaxis should not be interrupted or discontinued because of local or mild systemic adverse reactions to rabies vaccine. Usually such reactions can be successfully managed with anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agents (eg aspirin). Reactions after vaccination with HDCV are less common than with previously available vaccines.
Page 10 - ... scratches having eschar or more than 24-hours old with saliva of a rabid animal may be considered as intact skin and do not require systematic antirabic treatment. e. Abrasions or Scratches Inflicted by Claws — Abrasions or scratches of skin inflicted by the claws of a suspected rabid cat for example, should be considered as a possible exposure to infection. At times, such injuries may be quite severe. The possibility of exposure to rabies arises from the standpoint that if an animal were rabid...