Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 256 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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... seen as somehow first principles or primal substances themselves . They are , then , the four primal substances expressed on a macroscopic scale , just as in the Hieros Gamos , but a rational account of cosmogony would perhaps struggle ...
... seen , chaotic flux is a fundamental aspect of creation , it is perhaps not too surprising if Ocean and creation become linked , however loosely . The obvious fact that the sun and stars , themselves divine in traditional thought , are seen ...
... seen and heard the blow of the executioner's club on the victim's skull , seen the body still twitching after death , seen it butchered , smelt the roasting human flesh and seen it eaten , politely declined a roasted human foot , and ...
The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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