Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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From mythology to atomic physics I begin with a survey of ancient ideas of the
creation of the world because ideas of prehistory and of anthropology are closely
intertwined in ancient thought , and so the way people imagined the world had ...
One significant aspect of ancient descriptions of prehistory is that the lives of
former peoples are traditionally described in negative terms : no agriculture , no
seafaring , no warfare and so on . As has been noted before , this is a form of the
43 on the simplicity of the prehistoric life : The air , the breezes blowing free
through the open spaces , the flitting ... With this technique Lucretius produces a
prehistory that is a blend or a patchwork of primitivist and anti - primitivist motifs .
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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