Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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Panchaia One particular example of this is Euhemerus ' island of Panchaia , lying
to the south of India . Panchaia is best known as the setting for Euhemerus '
doctrine – from which we get the word ' euhemerising ' – that the
41 That Panchaia seems to be the home of the Greek Pantheon itself suggests
that we are to view the Panchaians as cultureheroes of Greece . On the other
hand , perhaps rather surprisingly , we are told that in fact the priestly class of ...
One particularly interesting feature of Panchaia then is that it illustrates the
geographical mobility of such constructs . We have seen such sacred island
utopias begin in the river Ocean to the west , and in Panchaia we see them move
both to ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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