Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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Later the Cynics would take the dog as their ideal , and here the Dog - heads
seem to perform a similar function . They are a curious blend of compound
creature and noble savage ; they are clearly inhabiting a more primitive age of
It has been suggested for example that the reports of the Dog - heads derive from
travellers mistaking baboons for humans , but it is reasonable to ask whether a
Dog - head is qualitatively different from a Shadow - foot – from the scheme I ...
In contrast to the Dog - heads whose language ability goes only somewhat
beyond that of dogs , the islanders of the sun possess superhuman language
skills , but skills that also assimilate them into the animal kingdom at the same
time in ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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