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manner such that (A) a student from a non-English speaking background is not penalized for the student's lack of proficiency in English, and (B) due notice is taken of difficulties inherent in traditional testing methods.

(9) The term “target student” means, with respect to a project offered in an academic year in cooperation with a secondary school system or systems, a talented student from an economically disadvantaged background who is enrolled in the school system or systems in the academic year

(A) in the ninth or tenth grade, or

(B) in the eleventh or twelth grade and who has participated satisfactorily in a project (or in a program comparable to a project) for not less than one hundred hours during the student's enrollment in the ninth or tenth

grade in a school system. (20 U.S.C. 3052) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2223, 2224.

PROJECTS FOR ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS

SEC. 383. (a) To the extent provided in appropriation Acts, the Commissioner is authorized to make grants to and enter into contracts with institutions of higher education for the purpose of offering projects to educate, motivate, and encourage students from an economically disadvantaged background to pursue training at the undergraduate and graduate levels in the biomedical sciences.

(b) The Commissioner, in his selection among applications meeting the requirements for approval under section 385, shall (1) give priority to each such qualified application that proposes the offering of a program not previously offered, (2) give special consideration to each such qualified application that proposes the offering of a project to students enrolled in secondary schools located in a health manpower shortage area (designated under section 332 of the Public Health Service Act) or in a rural area, and (3) take into account the location where the project is proposed to be offered to assure that projects are offered in a diversity of geographic settings.

(c) The amount of money to be provided, under any grant or contract entered into for a project, for all its expenses (other than special expenses approved by the Commissioner for its summer program offered pursuant to section 384(a)(10) for a single fiscal year may not exceed an amount equal to $2,400 for each talented student from an economically disadvantaged background who was a full participant in the project in the academic year ending in that

fiscal year.

(20 U.S.C. 3053) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2224.

PROJECT ACTIVITIES

SEC. 384. (a) Each project funded under this part shall

(1) except as provided in subsection (b), extend over a multiyear grant or contract period of at least five academic years;

(2)Ă) be carried out in cooperation with a public or private nonprofit secondary school system, or with a combination of such systems, which is located in the area in which the applicant is located and which has a relatively high proportion, as determined by the Commissioner, of students from an economically disadvantaged background enrolled in the secondary schools in such system, and (B) involve in a formal role in policymaking decisions in the project an individual who is employed at an administrative level, no lower than principal or dean, in a secondary school with target students who are participating in the project;

(3) be conducted, to the extent feasible, in a manner which does not conflict with a student's participation in extracurricular activities of the school in which he is enrolled;

(4) provide that not less than one hundred talented students from an economically disadvantaged background, who are enrolled in the ninth grade in such public or private nonprofit school system or systems in each academic year in which the project is offered, are full participants in the project in such academic year;

(5) provide for validation of the participation of a target student in such project by a science teacher or the parent or guardian of such student; (6) make arrangements to use in such project,

(A) the research and other facilities and personnel of schools of biomedical science located in the area in which such project is offered;

(B) the special knowledge of individuals from economically disadvantaged backgrounds who live in the area in which such project is offered and who are employed in the biomedical sciences;

(C) the expertise of teachers in secondary schools and institutions of higher education located in the area in which such project is offered; and

(D) the talents and experience of other groups located in the area in which such project is offered, such as parent teacher associations, foundations, civic groups, and professional organizations, which would further the goals of such

project; (7) expose target students to professionals trained in the biomedical sciences and to the resources of the biomedical sciences, including those described in paragraph (6), and such other academic and health-related experiences as are designed to

(A) inform and educate such students to the challenges, opportunities, and needs of serving in the biomedical science professions;

(B) educate and motivate such students to pursue successful careers in the biomedical sciences;

(C) cultivate the development of academic, cognitive, and communication skills in such students; and

(D) instill awareness, concern, and information in such students for the health of their families and communities; (8)(A) provide counseling to target students who are participating, and to individuals who were such students and who were full participants in an academic year, in the project on the range of opportunities available in the biomedical sciences upon completion of high school, college, and professional training, and on the financial and other prerequisites to pursue

such opportunities, and (B) inform parents of participating students of the goals and structure of the project and provide opportunities for the involvement of these parents in the project;

(9) provide for the offering for target students, by a school of biomedical science during each academic year of such project, of a course or courses which

(A) are in one or more of the biomedical sciences,

(B) encompass at least one hundred hours of classroom, laboratory, and field work experience, and

(C) use the facilities of such school, including laboratories, libraries, classrooms, audiovisual equipment, confer

ence and meeting rooms, and other necessary facilities; (10) provide for the offering

(A) in the summer following each academic year of the project and

(B) for each indivdual who was a target student and a full participant in the project in the previous academic

year, of a summer program of at least six weeks duration and involving such academic study and other activities as promote the purposes of this part; and

(11) provide for the following (through qualitative assessments by a student's teachers and professors and through documentation of a student's cumulative grade point average in high school, scholastic aptitude test scores, acceptances to colleges and universities, and grade point average and major pursued during attendance at a college or university) of each individual who was a target student and a full participant in the project in an academic year in which the project is offered, to evaluate the impact of the project on the careers pursued by

former participants in the project. (b) The Commissioner may not provide funds under this part to an institution for a project (other than for the part of the project described in subsection (a)(11) during an academic year (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the “project year') occurring after the second academic year of the project unless

(1) the number of target students who were enrolled in the tenth grade and were full participants in the project in the academic year preceding the project year is not less than 50 per centum of the number of target students who were enrolled in the ninth grade and were full participants in the project in the second academic year preceding the project year; and

(2) not less than 50 per centum of the particular target students who were enrolled in the tenth or eleventh grade and were full participants in the project in the second academic year preceding the project year also were full participants in the project during the academic year preceding the project

year. (20 U.S.C. 3054) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2224-2226.

APPLICATIONS

SEC. 385. (a) Any institution desiring assistance under this part shall make application therefor in accordance with the provisions of this part and other applicable law and with regulations of the Commissioner promulgated for the purposes of this part. The Commissioner shall approve an application under this part only if he determines that the project for which the application seeks assistance

(1) will be operated by the applicant and that the applicant will carry out such project in accordance with this part; and

(2) will provide for the activities described in section 384(a). (b) In approving an application for assistance under this title, the Commissioner shall insure that there is cooperation and coordination of efforts among the projects, including the exchange of materials and information among such projects.

(20 U.S.C. 3055) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2226, 2227.

USE OF FUNDS

Sec. 386. (a) Funds appropriated to carry out projects under this part may be used to cover all or part of the cost of establishing and carrying out projects, including the cost of stipends, allowances, travel, and subsistence expenses (in such amounts as may be determined in accordance with regulations of the Commissioner) to target students during their participation in a summer program offered pursuant to section 384(a)(10).

(b) Each target student who is participating on an essentially full-time basis in a project during the academic year may be paid a stipend in an amount not in excess of $30 per month, except in exceptional cases as determined by the Commissioner.

(20 U.S.C. 3056) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2227.

APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED

SEC. 387. (a) For the purpose of carrying out projects under this part, there are authorized to be appropriated $40,000,000 for the fiscal year 1979 and each of the four succeeding fiscal years.

(b) From the funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (a), an amount not to exceed 5 per centum thereof shall be used for the purpose of conducting evaluations of the projects authorized under this part.

(c) Sums appropriated pursuant to this section shall remain available for expenditure and obligation on or before September 30, 1983.

(20 U.S.C. 3057) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2227.

PART M-POPULATION EDUCATION

SHORT TITLE

SEC. 391. This part may be cited as the "Population Education Act”.

(20 U.S.C. 3061) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2227.

PROGRAM AUTHORIZED

SEC. 392. (a) The Commissioner, in consultation with the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Population Affairs, established by section 3

of the Family Planning Services and Population Research Act of 1970, is authorized, from the sums available for purposes of this part, to carry out a program of making grants to, and contracts with, institutions of higher education, State and local educational agencies, research organizations, and other public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions to implement a program of population education in elementary and secondary schools.

(b) Funds available for grants and contracts under subsection (a) shall be available for such activities as

(1) preservice and inservice training programs and projects (including fellowship programs, institutes, workshops, symposiums, and seminars) for educational personnel to prepare them to incorporate population concepts into a broad array of subject fields such as geography, history, science, biology, social studies and home economics;

(2) development and dissemination of teacher and student educational, training, and instructional materials, including the identification, evaluation, improvement, and adaptation of existing curricula and educational materials;

(3) research support to develop curriculum content and to evaluate programs and materials for the purpose of widespread dissemination;

(4) in the case of grants to State and local educational agencies, the support of population education programs at the elementary and secondary educational levels; and

(5) projects which demonstrate, test, and evaluate the effectiveness of the activities (described in clauses (1) through (4) of

this subsection) whether or not assisted under this section. Programs assisted under clauses (2) and (3) shall be carried out in cooperation with State and local educational agencies.

(c) Applications for grants and contracts under this section shall be submitted at such time, in such form, and contain such information as the Commissioner shall prescribe.

(d) The National Institute of Education shall establish or designate, with funds available under this part, a clearinghouse on population education for the purpose of evaluating, cataloging, and disseminating teacher and student materials on population. Such activities shall be carried out in coordination with related activities carried out under title X of the Public Health Service Act. For the purposes of carrying out this subsection, the Commissioner is authorized to transfer from sums available for this part to the National Institute of Education sums not to exceed $500,000.

(e) Not less than 10 percent of the funds available for purposes of section 303 shall be made available in each fiscal year for activities under subsection (b) of this section.

(20 U.S.C. 3062) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 301(a), 92 Stat. 2227, 2228.

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