Page images


SEC. 197. Notwithstanding the provisions of part A or of subpart 1, 2, or 3 of part B of this title, the amount paid to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico under this title for any fiscal year shall not exceed 150 per centum of the amount received by Puerto Rico under this title in the preceding fiscal year. Any excess over such amount shall be used to ratably increase the allocations under subpart 1 of part A of the other local educational agencies whose allocations do not exceed the maximum amount for which they are eligible under section 111.

(20 U.S.C. 2853) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2198.


SEC. 198. (a) Except as otherwise provided, for purposes of this title:

(1) The term "average daily attendance" means attendance determined in accordance with State law, except that notwithstanding any other provision of this title, where the local educational agency of the school district in which any child resides makes or contracts to make a tuition payment for the free public education of such child in a school situated in another school district, for purposes of this title the attendance of such child at such school shall be held and considered (A) to be in attendance at a school of the local educational agency so making or contracting to make such tuition payment, and (B) not to be in attendance at a school of the local educational agency receiving such tuition payment or entitled to receive such payment under the contract.

(2) The term “average per pupil expenditure” means in the case of a State or the United States, the aggregate current expenditures, during the third fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the computation is made (or if satisfactory data for that year are not available at the time of computation, then during the most recent preceding fiscal year for which satisfactory data are available), of all local educational agencies in the State, or in the United States (which for the purposes of this subsection means the fifty States, and the District of Columbia), as the case may be, plus any direct current expenditures by the State for operation of such agencies (without regard to the source of funds from which either of such expenditures are made), divided by the aggregate number of children in average daily attendance to whom such agencies provided free public education during such preceding year.

(3) The term “Commissioner” means the United States Commissioner of Education.

(4) The term "construction" includes the preparation of drawings and specifications for school facilities; erecting, building acquiring, altering, remodeling, improving, or extending school facilities; and the inspection and supervision of the construction of school facilities.

(5) The term "county" means those divisions of a State utilized by the Secretary of Commerce in compiling and reporting data regarding counties.

(6) The term "current expenditures” means expenditures for free public education, including expenditures for administration, instruction, attendance, and health services, pupil transportation services, operation and maintenance of plant, fixed charges, and net expenditures to cover deficits for food services and student body activities, but not including expenditures for community services, capital outlay, and debt service, or any expenditures made from funds granted under this title or parts B and C of title IV of this Act.

(7) The term “elementary school” means a day or residential school which provides elementary education, as determined under State law, and the term "secondary school” means a day or residential school which provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that it does not include any education provided beyond grade 12.

(8) The term "equipment" includes machinery, utilities, and building equipment and any necessary enclosure or structures to house them, and includes all other items necessary for the functioning of a particular facility as a facility for the provision of educational services, including items such as instructional equipment and necessary furniture, printed, published, and audio-visual instructional materials, and books, periodicals, documents, and other related materials.

(9) The term “free public education” means education which is provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without tuition charge, and which is provided as elementary or secondary school education in the applicable State, except that such term does not include any education provided beyond grade 12.

(10) The term “local educational agency” means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either adminstrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State, or such combination of school districts or counties as are recognized in a State as an administrative agency for its public elementary or secondary schools. Such term includes any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary or secondary school.

(11) The term “parent” includes a legal guardian or other person standing in loco parentis.

(12) The term project area” means a school attendance area having a high concentration of children from low-income families which, without regard to the locality of the project itself, is designated as an area from which children are to be selected to participate in a program or project assisted under this title.

(13) The term "school attendance area" means in relation to a particular school, the geographical area in which the children who are normally served by that school reside.

(14) The term “school facilities” means classrooms and related facilities (including initial equipment) for free public education and interests in land (including site, grading, and improvements) on which such facilities are constructed, except that such term does not include those gymnasiums and similar

[ocr errors]

facilities intended primarily for exhibitions for which admission is to be charged to the general public.

(15) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

(16) The term "State" means a State, Puerto Rico, Guam, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

(17) The term “State educational agency” means the officer or agency primarily responsible for the State supervision of

public elementary and secondary schools. (20 U.S.C. 2854) Enacted Sept. 30, 1950, C. 1124, P.L. 874, 81st Cong., Title III, sec. 303, formerly sec. 9, 64 Stat. 1108; amended Aug. 8, 1953, C. 402, P.L. 248, 83d Cong. sec. 10, 67 Stat. 536; amended Aug. 1, 1956, P.L. 896, 84th Cong., sec. 10, 70 Stat. 909; amended Aug. 3, 1956, C. 915, P.L. 949, 84th Cong., sec. 211, 70 Stat. 972; amended Aug. 12, 1958, P.L. 85-620, sec. 205, 72 Stat. 560; amended June 25, 1959, P.L. 86-70, sec. 18(d)(4), 73 Stat. 145; amended July 12, 1960, P.L. 86-624, sec. 14(d)(4), 74 Stat. 414; amended Oct. 16, 1964, P.L. 88–665, sec. 1102(b), 78 Stat. 1109; redesignated and amended April 11, 1965, P.L. 89-10, secs. 3(c)(1), 4(a)-(c), (d)(1), (e), 79 Stat. 35; amended Nov. 1, 1965, P.L. 89-313, sec. 6(c), 79 Stat. 1162; amended Nov. 3, 1966, P.L. 89-750, sec. 117(a)(1), (b) 80, Stat. 1198, 1199. sec. 206, 80 Stat. 1213; amended Jan. 2, 1968, P.L. 90-247, sec. 201, 81 Stat. 806; amended Apr. 13, 1970, P.L. 91-230, sec. 203(b), 84 Stat. 156. Amendments effective after June 30, 1970; redesignated June 23, 1972, P.L. 92–318, sec. 411, 86 Stat. 334; amended August 21, 1974, P.L. 93380, sec. 304(d)(1), 88 Stat. 523; P.L. 93-380, sec. 101(a)(9)(K), 88 Stat. 501; amended April 21, 1976, P.L. 94-273, sec. 49(d), 90 Stat. 382; amended October 12, 1976, P.L. 94-482, sec. 501(n), 90 Stat. 2237, 2238; redesignated and amended Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2198-2200.

Note: Sections 102 and 103 of the Education Amendments of 1978 provided certain study and waiver requirements as follows:


Sec. 102. (a) The Commissioner shall, not later than September 30, 1981, make a study of the feasibility and desirability of alternative criteria for demonstrating the comparability of services provided with State and local funds in each project area (as defined in section 198 (12) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) to those provided outside such areas which ensure, at least to the same extent as the criteria in existing regulations published in the Federal Register (41 F.R. 42894 et seq., September 28, 1976), that children in each school serving such a project area receive comparable services paid for out of State and local funds.

(6) The Commissioner may select all the local educational agencies in one State and not more than twenty such agencies in other States which are reasonably representative of the various geographical ares of the Nation for participation in the study provided for in this section. For purposes of the study, the Commissioner, without regard to section 431 of the General Education Provisions Act, may permit the use of substitute criteria meeting the requirements of subsection (c) in place of criteria contained in existing regulations, to be applicable only for the school years 1979–1980 and 1980–1981 and only to local educational agencies selected to participate in the study.

(c) Local educational agencies selected for participation in the study provided for in this section shall demonstrate comparability through the use of alternative criteria, which, at a minimum, meet the conditions of the following paragraphs:

(1) Such criteria are approved by the districtwide advisory council established under section 125 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

(2) Based on such criteria, each school serving such a project area receives services comparable to those services provided with State and local funds in schools not receiving assistance under this title.

(3) Services measured by such criteria shall vary by not more than 5 per centum between each school serving such a project area and other schools of the agency.

(4) Compliance with such criteria shall be determined on the basis of services actually provided during the current school year.

(5) If expenditures are used in the criteria, only expenditures for instructional services shall be included and for this purpose "instructional services' means current expenditures for free public education other than expenditures for attendance and health services, pupil transportation services, operation and maintenance of plant, fixed charges, and net expenditures to cover deficits for food services and student body activities.

(6) In all other respects, such criteria shall be consistent with the regulations of the Commissioner pertaining to comparability

of services. In order to provide a basis for comparison, local educational agencies participating in the study under this section shall continue to make reports under existing criteria for comparability of services.


SEC. 103. Notwithstanding any other provision of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, the Commissioner shall approve for fiscal year 1979 the use of funds provided under that title under the same terms and conditions as such uses were permitted during the preceding fiscal year in local educational agencies which participated in the study conducted under section 821(a)(5) of the Education Amendments of 1974 when such agency requests such approval.

(20 U.S.C. 1221e) Enacted August 6, 1979, P.L. 96-46, sec. 2(a)(11)A. (20 U.S.C. 2701 note.)




SEC. 201. The purpose of this part is

(1) to assist Federal, State, and local educational agencies to coordinate the utilization of all available resources for elementary and secondary education to improve instruction so that all children are able to master the basic skills of reading, mathematics, and effective communication, both written and oral;

1 A new Title II was enacted by the Education Amendments of 1978 (P.L. 95-561, sec. 201), replacing the old Title II, formerly entitled “School Library Resources, Textbooks, and Other Instructional Materials”. (For related provisions of federal law, see "National Reading Improvement Program,” Title VII, Education Amendments of 1974, P.L. 93-380, secs. 701, et seq.)

(2) to encourage States to develop comprehensive and systematic plans for improving achievement in the basic skills;

(3) to provide financial assistance to State and local educational agencies for the development of programs in the basic skills;

(4) to develop means by which parents working with the schools can contribute to improving the educational achievement of their children;

(5) to encourage the involvement of the private sector in the delivery to children, youths, and adults of educational services and materials that will improve achievement in the basic skills; and

(6) to expand the use of television and other technology in the delivery of instructional programs aimed at improving

achievement in the basic skills. (20 U.S.C. 2881) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 201, 92 Stat. 2201.


SEC. 202. (a) The Secretary may make a grant or award a contract under this part only upon the submission of an application by an eligible entity at the time and in the form prescribed by the Secretary. Each such application by a State or local educational agency shall provide assurances that

(1) in designing the proposal for which application is made, the needs of children in nonprofit private elementary and secondary schools have been taken into account through consultation with private school officials; and, to the maximum extent feasible, and consistent with the number of such children in the area to be served who have the educational needs the proposal is intended to address, those children will be provided an opportunity to participate in the proposed activity on a basis comparable to that provided for public school children;

(2) procedures have been developed to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed activity in achieving the purposes of this title; and

(3) procedures have been developed for incorporating successful practices developed with assistance under this title into the

regular instructional program. (b) No grant or contract may be awarded to a local educational agency under this part unless the appropriate State educational agency has been provided an opportunity for at least thirty days to comment on the application.

(20 U.S.C. 2882) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 201, 92 Stat. 2202.


SEC. 203. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 408(a)(3) of the General Education Provisions Act, the Secretary may accept, on behalf of the United States, conditional or unconditional gifts or donations of services, money, or property, made for any activities authorized to be carried out under this title.

(20 U.S.C. 2883) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 201, 92 Stat. 2202.

« PreviousContinue »