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PART I-ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY PROGRAMS

Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

TITLE I-FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO MEET SPECIAL

EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF CHILDREN 1

DECLARATION OF POLICY

SEC. 101. In recognition of the special educational needs of children of low-income families and the impact that concentrations of low-income families have on the ability of local educational agencies to support adequate educational programs, the Congress hereby declares it to ve the policy of the United States to provide financial assistance (as set forth in the following parts of this title) to local educational agencies serving areas with concentrations of children from low-income families to expand and improve their educational programs by various means (including preschool programs) which contribute particularly to meeting the special educational needs of educationally deprived children. Further, in recognition of the special educational needs of children of certain migrant parents, of Indian children and of handicapped, neglected, and delinquent children, the Congress hereby declares it to be the policy of the United States to provide financial assistance (as set forth in the following parts of this title) to help meet the special educational needs of such children.

(20 U.S.C. 2701) Enacted Apr. 11, 1965, P.L. 89-10, Title I, sec. 2, 79 Stat. 27; redesignated and amended Jan. 2, 1968, P.L. 90-247, Title I, secs. 108(a)(2), 110, 81 Stat. 786, 787; amended Apr. 13, 1970, P.L. 91-230, sec. 113(b)(2), 84 Stat. 126; amended Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2153.

DURATION OF ASSISTANCE

SEC. 102. During the period beginning October 1, 1978, and ending September 30, 1983, the Commissioner shall, in accordance with the provisions of this title, make payments to State educational agencies for grants made on the basis of entitlements created under this title.

(20 U.S.C. 2702) Enacted Apr. 11, 1965, P.L. 89-10, sec. 2, 79 Stat. 27; amended Nov. 3, 1966, P.L. 89-750, sec. 101, 80 Stat. 1191; redesignated and amended Jan. 2, 1968, P.L. 90-247, secs. 108(a)(2), 110, 301 (a), 81 Stat. 786, 787, 813; amended Apr. 13, 1970, P.L. 91-230, secs. 101(a), 113(b)(3), 84 Stat. 121, 126; amended Aug. 21, 1974, P.L. 93-380, sec. 101(a)(1), 88 Stat. 488, amended Apr. 21, 1976, P.L. 94-273, sec. 2(12), 90 Stat. 375; amended Sept. 24, 1977, P.L. 95–112, sec. 2(a)(1), 91 Stat. 911; amended Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2153.

PART A-PROGRAMS OPERATED BY LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

Subpart 1-Basic Grants

GRANTS-AMOUNT AND ELIGIBILITY

SEC. 111. (a) AMOUNT OF GRANTS.-(1) There is authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year for the purpose of this paragraph

1 Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 was revised and reenacted by section 101(a) of the Education Amendments of 1978, P.L. 95-561, 92 Stat. 2152 (see 20 U.S.C. 821 note).

1 per centum of the amount appropriated for such year for payments to States under part E (other than payments under such part to jurisdictions excluded from the term “State" by this subsection, and payments pursuant to section 156), and there is authorized to be appropriated such additional sums as will assure at least the same level of funding under this title as in fiscal year 1976 for Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and to the Secretary of the Interior for payments pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d). The amount appropriated pursuant to this paragraph shall be allotted by the Commissioner (A) among Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands according to their respective need for grants under this part, and (B) to the Secretary of the Interior in the amount necessary (i) to make payments pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsecton (d), and (ii) to make payments pursuant to paragraph (2) of subsection (d). The grant which a local educational agency in Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands is eligible to receive shall be determined pursuant to such criteria as the Commissioner determines will best carry out the purpose of this title.

(2XA) In any case in which the Commissioner determines that satisfactory data for that purpose are available, the grant which a local educational agency in a State is eligible to receive under this subpart for a fiscal year shall (except as provided in paragraph (3) be determined by multiplying the number of children counted under subsection (c) by 40 per centum of the amount determined under the next sentence. The amount determined under this sentence shall be the average per pupil expenditure in the State except that (i) if the average per pupil expenditure in the State is less than 80 per centum of the average per pupil expenditure in the United States, such amount shall be 80 per centum of the average per pupil expenditure in the United States, or (ii) if the average per pupil expenditure in the State is more than 120 per centum of the average per pupil expenditure in the United States, such amount shall be 120 per centum of the average per pupil expenditure in the United States.

(B) In any case in which such data are not available, subject to paragraph (3), the grant for any local educational agency in a State shall be determined on the basis of the aggregate amount of such grants for all such agencies in the county or counties in which the school district of the particular agency is located, which aggregate amount shall be equal to the aggregate amount determined under subparagraph (A) for such county or counties, and shall be allo cated among those agencies upon such equitable basis as may be determined by the State educational agency in accordance with the basic criteria prescribed by the Commissioner.

(C) For each fiscal year, the Commissioner shall determine the percentage which the average per pupil expenditure in Puerto Rico is of the lowest average per pupil expenditure of any of the fifty States. The grant which Puerto Rico shall be eligible to receive under this subpart for a fiscal year (exclusive of any amount received under paragraph (3)(D) shall be the amount arrived at by multiplying the number of children counted under subsection (c) for Puerto Rico by the product of

(i) the percentage determined under the preceding sentence and

(ii) 32 per centum of the average per pupil expenditure in the United States. (3XA) Upon determination by the State educational agency that a local educational agency in the State is unable or unwilling to provide for the special educational needs of children described in clause (C) of paragraph (1) of subsection (c), who are living in institutions for neglected or delinquent children, the State educational agency shall, if it assumes responsibility for the special educational needs of such children, be eligible to receive the portion of the allocation to such local educational agency which is attributable to such neglected or delinquent children, but if the State educational agency does not assume such responsibility, any other State or local public agency, as determined by regulations established by the Commissioner, which does assume such responsibility shall be eligible to receive such portion of the allocation.

(B) In the case of local educational agencies which serve in whole or in part the same geographical area, and in the case of a local educational agency which provides free public education for a substantial number of children who reside in the school district of another local educational agency, the State educational agency may allocate the amount of the grants for those agencies among them in such manner as it determines will best carry out the purposes of this title.

(C) In any State in which a large number of local educational agencies overlap county boundaries, the State educational agency may apply to the Commissioner for authority during any particular fiscal year to make the allocations under this part (other than section 117) directly to local educational agencies without regard to the counties. If the Commissioner approves an application of a State educational agency for a particular year under this subparagraph, the State educational agency shall provide assurances that such allocations will be made using precisely the same factors for determining a grant as are used under this part and that a procedure will be established through which local educational agencies dissatisfied with the determinations made by the State educational agency may appeal directly to the Commissioner for a final determination.

(D)(i) From one-half of any amount made available for this subpart for any fiscal year in excess of the amount made available for this subpart for fiscal year 1979, there shall be allotted to each State an amount which bears the same ratio to such excess as the product of

(I) the number of children in such State aged five to seventeen, inclusive, from families below 50 per centum of the median national income for four-person families from the 1975 survey of income and education conducted by the Bureau of

the Census, multiplied by

(II) 40 per centum of the amount determined under the second sentence of paragraph (2)(A) and, in the case of Puerto Rico, the product determined under subparagraph (C) (i) and

(ii) of this paragraph. bears to the sum of such products for all the States.

(ii) In any case in which the Commissioner finds that a State's percentage decrease in children from low-income families exceeds 25 per centum between the 1970 decennial census, as adjusted, and the 1975 survey of income and education, the Commissioner shall allocate funds based on the most current valid data available or based on a resurvey of the affected State by the Bureau of the Census.

(iii) From the amount allotted to each State under division (i), the amount which each local educational agency in that State shall be eligible to receive under this subparagraph shall be an amount which bears the same ratio to the total amount allotted to such State under this subparagraph as the amount such local educational agency receives under paragraph (2) bears to the total amount of funds made available to local educational agencies in such State under such paragraph.

(E) From the remaining one-half of any amount made available for this subpart for any fiscal year in excess of the amount made available for this subpart for fiscal year 1979 after the application of subparagraph (D), there shall be allotted to each State an amount determined in accordance with paragraph (2) of this subsection.

(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term "State" does not include Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

(b) MINIMUM NUMBER OF CHILDREN TO QUALIFY.-A local educational agency shall be eligible for a basic grant for a fiscal year under this subpart only if it meets the following requirements with respect to the number of children counted under subsection (c):

(1) In any case (except as provided in paragraph (3)) in which the Commissioner determines that satisfactory data for the purpose of this subsection as to the number of such children are available on a school district basis, the number of such children in the school district of such local educational agency shall be at least ten.

(2) In any other case, except as provided in paragraph (3), the number of such children in the county which includes such local educational agency's school district shall be at least ten.

(3) In any case in which a county includes a part of the school district of the local educational agency concerned and the Commissioner has not determined that satisfactory data for the purpose of this subsection are available on a school district basis for all the local educational agencies or all the counties into which the school district of the local educational agency concerned extends, the eligibility requirement with respect to the number of such children for such local educational agency shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Commissioner for the purposes of this subsection.

(c) CHILDREN TO BE COUNTED.-(1XA) The number of children to be counted for purposes of this section, other than for subsection (a)(3)(D), is the aggregate of—

(i) the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, in the school district of the local educational agency from fami

lies below the poverty level as determined under paragraph (2)(A),

(ii) the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, in the school district of such agency from families above the poverty level as determined under paragraph (2)(B), subject to subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, and

(iii) the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, in the school district of such agency living in institutions for neglected or delinquent children (other than such institutions operated by the United States) but not counted pursuant to subpart 3 of part B for the purposes of a grant to a State agency, or being supported in foster homes with public funds. (B) For the purpose of division (ii) of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph the number of children aged five through seventeen, inclusive, in the school district of such agency from families above the poverty level as determined under paragraph (2)(B) shall be reduced by one-third for fiscal year 1979; except that such reduction shall not be applicable with respect to determinations made under section 117(b) of the number of children to be counted under this subsection.

(2)(A) For the purposes of this section, the Commissioner shall determine the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, from families below the poverty level on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data available from the Department of Commerce for local educational agencies (or, if such data are not available for such agencies, for counties); and in determining the families which are below the poverty level, the Commissioner shall utilize the criteria of poverty used by the Bureau of the Census in compiling the 1970 decennial census.

(B) For purposes of this section, the Secretary shall determine the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, from families above the poverty level on the basis of the number of such children from families receiving an annual income, in excess of the current criteria of poverty, from payments under the program of aid to families with dependent children under a State plan approved under title IV of the Social Security Act; and in making such determinations the Secretary shall utilize the criteria of poverty used by the Bureau of the Census in compiling the 1970 decennial census for a nonfarm family of four in such form as those criteria have been updated by increases in the Consumer Price Index. The Secretary shall determine the number of such children and the number of children of such ages living in institutions for neglected or delinquent children, or being supported in foster homes with public funds, on the basis of the caseload data for the month of October of the preceding fiscal year (using, in the case of children described in the preceding sentence, the criteria of poverty and the form of such criteria required by such sentence which were determined for the calendar year preceding such month of October) or, to the extent that such data are not available to him before January of the calendar year in which the Secretary's determination is made, then on the basis of the most recent reliable data available to him at the time of such determination. The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall collect and transmit the information required by this subparagraph to the Secretary not later than January 1 of each year.

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