Page images
PDF
EPUB

al average breakfast payment prescribed by the Secretary for such fiscal year to carry out the purposes of this section; (2) multiplying the number of such breakfasts served free to children eligible for free breakfasts in such schools during such fiscal year by a national average free breakfast payment prescribed by the Secretary for such fiscal year to carry out the purposes of this section; and (3) multiplying the number of reduced price breakfasts served to children eligible for reduced price breakfasts in such schools during such fiscal year by a national average reduced price breakfast payment prescribed by the Secretary for such fiscal year to carry out the provisions of this section: Provided, That in any fiscal year the aggregate amount of the breakfast assistance payments made by the Secretary to each State educational agency for any fiscal year shall not be less than the amount of the payments made by the State educational agency to participating schools within the State for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, to carry out the purposes of this section.

(2)2 (A) The Secretary shall make additional payments for breakfasts served to children qualifying for a free or reduced-price meal at schools that are in severe need.

(B) The maximum payment for each such free breakfast shall be the higher of

(i) the national average payment established by the Secretary for free breakfast plus 10 cents, or

(ii) 45 cents, which shall be adjusted on a semiannual basis each July 1 and January 1 to the nearest one-fourth cent in accordance with changes in the series for food away from home of the Consumer Price Index published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor for the most recent sixmonth period for which such data are available, except that the initial such adjustment shall be made on January 1, 1978, and shall reflect the change in the series of food away from

home during the period November 1, 1976, to October 31, 1977. Note: P.L. 96-499, sec. 210, 94 Stat. 2602, approved Dec. 5, 1980, revises the operation of section 4(6)(2) for fiscal year 1981 (effective Jan. 1, 1981). The provision reads as follows:

"SEC. 210. Notwithstanding section 4(6/2/B/(ii) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, in determining the maximum payment for free breakfasts under such section for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981

"(1) no adjustment under such section shall be made on January 1 of such fiscal year; and

(2) the adjustment under such section required to be made on July 1 of such fiscal year shall be computed to the nearest one-fourth cent based on changes, measured over the preceding twelve-month period for which data are available, in the series for food away from home of the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics,

Department of Labor." (C) The maximum payment for each such reduced-price breakfast shall be five cents less than the maximum payment for each free breakfast as determined under clause (B) of this paragraph.

2 Paragraph (2) was added by P.L. 95—166, sec. 12, 91 Stat. 1337, 1338, approved Nov. 10, 1977. Subsecs. (a) and (b) were amended by Public Law 92-32, 85 Stat. 85 (approved June 30, 1971).

STATE DISBURSEMENT TO SCHOOL

[ocr errors]

(c)1 Funds apportioned and paid to any State for the purpose of this section shall be disbursed by the State educational agency to schools selected by the State educational agency to assist such schools in financing the costs of operating a brekfast program and for the purpose of subsection (d). Disbursement to schools shall be made at such rates per meal or on such other basis as the Secretary shall prescribe. În selecting schools for participation, the State educational agency shall, to the extent practicable, give first consideration to those schools drawing attendance from areas in which poor economic conditions exist, to those schools in which a substantial proportion of the children enrolled must travel long distances daily, and to those schools in which there is a special need for improving the nutrition and dietary practices of children of working mothers and children from low-income families. Breakfast assistance disbursements to schools under this section may be made in advance or by way of reimbursement in accordance with procedures prescribed by the Secretary.

(d)2 Each State educational agency shall establish eligibility standards for providing additional assistance to schools in severe need, which shall include those schools in which the service of breakfasts is required pursuant to State law and those schools (having a breakfast program or desiring to initiate a breakfast program) in which, during the most recent second preceding school year for which lunches were served, 40 percent or more of the lunches served to students at the school were served free or at a reduced price and in which the rate per meal established by the Secretary is insufficient to cover the costs of the breakfast program. Such eligibility standards shall be submitted to the Secretary for approval and included in the State plan of child nutrition operations required by section 11(e)l) of the National School Lunch Act. Pursuant to those State eligibility standards, a school, upon the submission of appropriate documentation about the need circumstances in that school and the school's eligibility for additional assistance, shall be entitled to receive 100 percent of the operating costs of the breakfast program, including the costs of obtaining, preparing, and serving food, or the meal reimbursement rate specified in paragraph (2) of section 4(b) of this Act, whichever is less.

a

NUTRITIONAL AND OTHER PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS

3

(e) Breakfasts served by schools participating in the school breakfast program under this section shall consist of a combination of foods and shall meet minimum nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary on the basis of tested nutritional research. Such breakfasts shall be served free or at a reduced price to children in school under the same terms and conditions as are set forth with respect to the service of lunches free or at a reduced price in section 9 of the National School Lunch Act.

2 Subsection (d) was amended by P.L. 95-166, sec. 12, 91 Stat. 1338, approved Nov. 10, 1977; amended Nov. 10, 1978, P.L. 95-567, se 6(c), 92 Stat. 3620, 3621 (effective Oct. 1, 1978).

3 Subsecs. (e) and (f) were amended by Public Law 92-248, 84 Stat. 210, approved May 14, 1970, id by Public Law 92-32, and by Public Law 92-433, 86 Stat. 724, Sept. 26, 1972. Subsection (f) as further amended by Public Law 94-105, 89 Stat. 525, approved October 7, 1975.

NONPROFIT PRIVATE SCHOOL

(f): For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, any withholding of funds for and disbursement to nonprofit private schools shall be effected in the manner used prior to such fiscal year. Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1974, the Secretary shall make payments from the sums appropriated for any fiscal year for the purposes of this section directly to the schools (as defined in section 15(c) of this Act which are private and nonprofit as defined in the last sentence of section 15(c) of this Act) within a State, that participate in the breakfast program under an agreement with the Secretary, for the same purposes and subject to the same conditions as are authorized or required under this section with respect to the disbursements by State educational agencies.

EXPANSION OF PROGRAM

(g) As a national nutrition and health policy, it is the purpose and intent of the Congress that the school breakfast program be made available in all schools where it is needed to provide adequate nutrition for children in attendance. The Secretary is hereby directed, in cooperation with State educational agencies, to carry out a program of information in furtherance of this policy. Within 4 months after October 7, 1975, the Secretary shall report to the committees of jurisdiction in the Congress his plans and those of the cooperating State agencies to bring about the needed expansion in the school breakfast program

FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT ASSISTANCE

SEC. 5.1 (a) There is authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, $35,000,000 for fiscal year ending September 30, 1983, and $40,000,000 for each succeeding fiscal year, to enable the Secretary to formulate and carry out a program to assist the States through grants-in-aid and other means to supply schools drawing attendance from areas in which poor economic conditions exist with equipment, other than land or buildings, for the storage, preparation, transportation, and serving of food to enable such schools to establish, maintain, and expand school food service programs. In the case of a nonprofit private school, such equipment shall be for use of such school principally in connection with child feeding programs authorized in this Act and in the National School Lunch Act.

1

? Enacted Oct. 11, 1966, P.L. 89-642, 80 Stat 887; amended May 14, 1970, P.L. 91–248, sec. 2, 84 Stat. 208; amended Sept. 26, 1972, P.L. 92-433, sec. 6, 86 Stat. 727; amended June 30, 1974, P.L. 93-326, sec. 5, 88 Stat. 287; amended Oct. 7, 1975, P.L. 94-105, sec. 18, 89 Stat. 525; amended Nov. 10, 1977, P.L. 95-166, secs. 3, 4, 20, 91 Stat. 1332, 1333, 1334, 1346; amended Nov. 10, 1978, P.L. 95-627, sec. 6(b), 92 Stat. 3620 (effective Oct. 1, 1978); amended Dec. 5, 1980, P.L. 96-479, sec. 211, 14 Stat. 2603.

APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS TO STATES

(b) Except for the funds reserved under subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary shall apportion the funds appropriated for the purposes of this section among the States on the basis of the ratio that the number of lunches (consisting of a combination of foods which meet the minimum nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary pursuant to section 9 of the National School Lunch Act) served in each State in the latest preceding school year for which the Secretary determines data are available at the time such funds are apportioned bears to the total number of such lunches served in all States in such preceding school year. If any State cannot utilize all of the funds apportioned to it under the provisions of this subsection, the Secretary shall make further apportionments to the remaining States in the manner set forth in this subsection for apportioning funds among all the States. Payments to any State of funds apportioned under the provisions of this subsection for any fiscal year shall be made upon condition that at least one-fourth of the cost of equipment financed under this subsection shall be borne by funds from sources within the State, except that such condition shall not apply with respect to funds used under this section to assist schools that are especially needy, as determined by criteria to be established by each State and approved by the Secretary. States shall apportion their share of funds under this subsection by giving priority to schools without a food service program, schools that do not serve both breakfasts and lunches but that will use food service equipment to initiate the service of breakfasts or lunches, and schools without the facilities to prepare and cook hot meals at the schools (including schools having equipment that is so antiquated or impaired as to endanger the continuation of an adequate food service program or the ability to prepare and cook hot meals) or at a kitchen that serves the schools and that is operated by the local school district or by a nonprofit private school or the authority that is responsible for the administration of one or more nonprofit private schools. After making funds available to such schools, the Secretary shall make the remaining funds available to eligible schools that do not meet the priority criteria, for the purpose of purchasing needed replacement equipment.

STATE DISBURSEMENT TO SCHOOLS

a

(c) Funds apportioned and paid to any State for the purpose of this section shall be disbursed by the State educational agency to assist schools, which draw attendance from areas in which poor economic conditions exist and which have no, or grossly inadequate, equipment, to conduct a school food service program, and to acquire such equipment. In the selection of schools to receive assistance under this section, the State educational agency shall require applicant schools to provide justification of the need for such assistance and the inability of the school to finance the food service equipment needed. Disbursements to any school may be made, by advances or reimbursements, only after approval by the State educational agency of a request by the school for funds, accompanied by a detailed description of the equipment to be acquired and the

plans for the use thereof in effectively meeting the nutritional needs of children in the school.

NONPROFIT PRIVATE SCHOOLS

(d) If, in any State, the State educational agency is prohibited by law from administering the program authorized by this section in nonprofit private schools within the State, the Secretary shall administer such program in such private schools. In such event, the Secretary shall withhold from the funds apportioned to any such State under the provisions of subsection (b) of this section an amount which bears the same ratio to such funds as the number of lunches (consisting of a combination of foods which meet the minimum nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary pursuant to section 9(a) of the National School Lunch Act) served in nonprofit private schools in such State in the latest preceding school year for which the Secretary determines data are available at the time such funds are withheld bears to the total number of such lunches served in all schools within such State in such preceding

school year.

RESERVE OF FUNDS

(e) For the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, and for each succeeding fiscal year ending on or before September 30, 1984, 40 percent of the funds appropriated for the purposes of this section shall be reserved to the Secretary to assist schools without a food service program and schools that do not serve breakfasts or lunches but that plan to use food service equipment to initiate a breakfast or lunch program. The Secretary shall apportion the funds so reserved among the States on the basis of the ratio of the number of children in each State enrolled in schools without a food service program and in schools moving toward the initiation of the service of breakfasts to the number of children in all States enrolled in schools without a food service program and in schools moving toward the initiation of the service of breakfasts. In those States in which the Secretary administers the food service equipment assistance program in nonprofit private schools, the Secretary shall withhold from the funds apportioned to any such State under this subsection an amount which bears the same ratio to such funds as the number of children enrolled in nonprofit private schools without a food service program or moving toward the initiation of the service of breakfasts in such State bears to the total number of children enrolled in all schools without a food service program or moving toward the initiation of the service of breakfasts in such State. The funds so reserved, apportioned, and withheld shall be used by the State, or the Secretary in the case of nonprofit private schools, only to assist schools without a food service program and schools moving toward the initiation of the service of breakfasts. If any State cannot use all the funds apportioned to it under the provisions of this subsection, the Secretary shall make further apportionment to the remaining States for use only in assisting schools without a food service program and schools moving toward the initiation of the service of breakfasts. If after such further apportionment, any funds received under this subsection

« PreviousContinue »