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supplying agricultural commodities and other food for the program in accordance with the provisions of this Act. For each fiscal year the Secretary may make food assistance payments, at such times as he may determine, from the sums appropriated therefor, to each State educational agency, in a total amount equal to the result obtained by multiplying the number of lunches (consisting of a combination of foods which meet the minimum nutritutional requirements prescribed by the Secretary under subsection 9(a) of the Act) served during such fiscal year to children in schools in such State, which participate in the school lunch program under this Act under agreements with such State educational agency, by a national average payment per lunch for such fiscal year determined by the Secretary to be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act: Provided, That in any fiscal year such national average payment shall not be less than 10 cents per lunch and that the aggregate amount of the food assistance payments made by the Secretary to each State educational agency for any fiscal year shall not be less than the amount of the payments made by the State agency to participating schools within the State for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972,4 to carry out the purposes of this section 4.

Note: P.L. 96-499, sec. 201, 94 Stat. 2599, approved Dec. 5, 1980, revises the operation of section 4 for fiscal year 1981 beginning Jan. 1, 1980. The provision reads as follows:

"Notwithstanding section 4 of the National School Lunch Act, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, the national average payment per lunch under such Act for such fiscal year, after being adjusted under section 11(a) of such Act, shall be reduced by 242 cents for any school food authority under which less than 60 percent of the lunches served in the school lunch program were served free or at reduced price during the second preceding school year. The amount of State administrative expense funds to be made available to the States by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 7 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983, and the amount of State revenues appropriated or used for meeting the requirements under section 7 of the National School Lunch Act for the school year ending June 30, 1982, shall not be reduced because of a reduction in the amount of Federal funds expended as a result of the preceding sentence. For the purpose of this section, the term 'school food authority' means the governing body that is responsible for the administration of one or more schools and has the legal authority to operate a school lunch or school breakfast program.

FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT ASSISTANCE

SEC. 5.1 Of the sums appropriated for any fiscal year pursuant to the authorization contained in section 3 of the Act, $10,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary for the purpose of providing, during such fiscal year, food service equipment assistance for the school-lunch program pursuant to the provisions of this Act. The Secretary shall apportion among the States during each fiscal year the aforesaid sum of $10,000,000, and such apportionment among the States shall be on the basis of the factors, and in accordance with the standards set forth in section 4 with respect to the apportionment for agricultural commodities and other foods.

4 Section 111(b)(1) of Public Law 94-274 construes “the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972” to mean the period of July 1, 1971, through September 30, 1971, in computing the minimum aggre gate amount of food assistance payments to be made by the Secretary to each State educational agency for the period of July 1, 1976, through September 30, 1976.

Sec. 5 was amended by Public Law 87-823, 76 Stat. 945; further amended Nov. 10, 1977, P.L. 95-166, sec. 3, 91 Stat. 1332.

DIRECT FEDERAL EXPENDITURES

SEC. 6. (a) 2 The funds provided by appropriation or transfer from other accounts for any fiscal year for carrying out the provisions of this Act, and for carrying out the provisions of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, other than section 3 thereof, less

(1) not to exceed 342 per centum thereof which per centum is hereby made available to the Secretary for his administrative expenses under this Act and under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966;

(2) the amount apportioned by him pursuant to sections 4 and 5 of this Act and the amount appropriated pursuant to sections 11 and 13 of this Act and sections 4, 5, and 7 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966; and

(3) not to exceed 1 per centum of the funds provided for carrying out the programs under this Act and the programs under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, other than section 3, which per centum is hereby made available to the Secretary to supplement the nutritional benefits of these programs through grants to States and other means for nutritional training and education for workers, cooperators, and participants in these programs, for pilot projects and the cash-in-lieu of commodities study required to be carried out under section 20 of this Act, and for necessary surveys and studies of requirements for food service programs in furtherance of the purposes expressed in section 2 of this Act and section 2 of the Child Nutrition Act of

1966, shall be available to the Secretary during such year for direct expenditure by him for agricultural commodities and other foods to be distributed among the States and schools and service institutions participating in the food service programs under this Act and under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 in accordance with the needs as determined by the local school and service institution authorities.3 Any school participating in food service programs under this Act may refuse to accept delivery of not more than 20 percent of the total value of agricultural commodities and other foods tendered to it in any school year; and if a school so refuses, that school may receive, in lieu of the refused commodities, other commodities to the extent that other commodities are available to the State during that year. The provisions of law contained in the provision of the Act of June 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 323), facilitating operations with respect to the purchase and disposition of surplus agricultural

2 See sec. 404 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, Public Law 81-439, 63 Stat. 1054, approved Oct. 31, 1949, authorizing the use of the services and facilities of Commodity Credit Corporation in carrying out programs under sec. 6. (NOTE: The corporation has since been dissolved and its functions transferred.) Sec. 6 amended by P.L. 93-13, 87 Stat. 9. Further amended by P.L. 93– 150, 87 Stat. 560, approved November 7, 1973; and P.L. 95–166, sec. 10, 91 Stat. 1336, approved Nov. 10, 1977.

3 This sentence was amended by Public Law 91-248, 84 Stat. 209, approved May 14, 1970. * This sentence was added by Public Law 95-166, sec. 7, 91 Stat. 13 approved Nov. 10, 1977.

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commodities under section 32 of the Act approved August 24, 1935 (49 Stat. 774), as amended, shall, to the extent not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, also be applicable to expenditures of funds by the Secretary under this Act. In making purchases of such agricultural commodities and other foods, the Secretary shall not issue specifications which restrict participation of local producers unless such specifications will result in significant advantages to the food service programs authorized by this Act and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966.1

(b)2 Not later than May 15 of each school year, the Secretary shall make an estimate of the value of agricultural commodities and other foods that will be delivered during that school year to States for the school lunch program. If such estimated value is less than the total level of assistance authorized under subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary shall pay to each State educational agency, not later than June 15 of that school year, an amount of funds that is equal to the difference between the value of such deliveries as then programed for such state and the total level of assistance authorized under subsection (e) of this section. In any State in which the Secretary directly administers the school lunch program in any of the schools of the State, the Secretary shall withhold from the funds to be paid to such State under the provisions of this subsection an amount that bears the same ratio to the total of such payment as the number of lunches served in schools in which the school lunch program is directly administered by the Secretary during that school year bears to the total of such lunches served under the school lunch program in all the schools in such State in such school year. Each State educational agency, and the Secretary in the case of private schools in which the Secretary directly administers the school lunch program, shall promptly and equitably disburse, such funds to schools participating in the school lunch program, and such disbursements shall be used by such schools to purchase United States agricultural commodities and other foods for their food service program. Such foods shall be limited to the requirements for lunches and breakfasts for children as provided for in regulations issued by the Secretary.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary, until such time as a supplemental appropriation may provide additional funds for the purpose of subsection (b) of this section, shall use funds appropriated by section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 612c) to make any payments to States authorized under such subsection. Any section 32 funds utilized to make such payments shall be reimbursed out of any supplemental appropriation hereafter enacted for the purpose of carrying out subsection (b) of this section and such reimbursement shall be deposited into the fund established pursuant to section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935, to be available for the purposes of said section 32.

(d) Any funds made available under subsection (b) or (c) of this section shall not be subject to the State matching provisions of section 7 of this Act.

This sentence was amended by Public Law 94-105, 89 Stat. 515, approved October 10, 1975. 2 Section 6(b) was amended by Public Law 94-105, 89 Stat. 511, approved Oct. 7, 1975. The amendments struck the words ''nonprofit

private” from the section. The subsection was later substantially amended by Public Law 95–166, sec. 5, 91 Stat. 1334, approved Nov. 1977.

(e)? For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, and subsequent schoolyears, the national average value of donated foods, or cash payments in lieu thereof, shall not be less than 10 cents per lunch, and that amount shall be adjusted on an annual basis each school year after June 30, 1975, to reflect changes in the Price Index for Food Used in Schools and Institutions. The Index shall be computed using five major food components in the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Producer Price Index (cereal and bakery products, meats, poultry and fish, dairy products, processed fruits and vegetables, and fats and oils). Each component shall be weighted using the same relative weight as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The value of food assistance for each meal shall be adjusted each July 1 by the annual percentage change in a three-month simple average value of the Price Index for Foods Used in Schools and Institutions for March, April, and May each year.2 Such adjustment shall be computed to the nearest one-fourth cent. Among those commodities delivered under this section, the Secretary shall give special emphasis to high protein foods, meat, and meat alternates (which may include domestic seafood commondities and their products). Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, not less than 75 per centum of the assistance provided under this subsection (e) shall be in the form of donated foods for the school lunch program. 3

(f) Beginning with the school year ending June 30, 1981, the Secretary shall not offer commodity assistance based upon the number of breakfasts served to children under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966.4

Note: P.L. 96-499, sec. 202, 94 Stat. 2600, approved Dec. 5, 1980, revises the operation of section 6 for fiscal year 1981 (effective Jan. 1, 1981). The provision reads as follows:

"SEC. 202. (a) For the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, the national average value of donated foods, or cash payments in lieu thereof, as determined under section 6(e) of the National School Lunch Act, shall be reduced by 2 cents.'

PAYMENTS TO STATES

Sec. 7. Funds appropriated to carry out section 4 or 5 during any fiscal year shall be available for payment to the States for disbursement by State educational agencies, in accordance with such agreements, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may be entered into by the Secretary and such State educational agencies, for the purpose of assisting schools of the States in supplying (1) agricultural commodities and other foods for consumption by children and (2) food service equipment assistance in furtherance of the school lunch program authorized under this Act. Such payments to any State in any fiscal year during the period 1947 to 1950, inclusive, shall be made upon condition that each dollar thereof will be matched during such year by $1 from sources within the State determined by the Secretary to have been expended in connection with the school-lunch program under this Act. Such payments in any fiscal year during the period 1951 to 1955, inclusive, shall be made upon condition that each dollar thereof will be so matched by one and one-half dollars; and for any fiscal or school year thereafter, such payments shall be made upon condition that each dollar will be so matched by $3. In the case of any State whose per capita income is less than the per capita income of the United States, the matching required for any fiscal or school year shall be decreased by the percentage which the State per capita income is below the per capita income of the United States. For the purpose of determining whether the matching requirements of this section and section 10, respectively, have been met, the reasonable value of donated services, supplies, facilities and equipment as certified, respectively, by the State educational agency and in case of schools receiving funds pursuant to section 10, by such schools (but not the cost or value of land, of the acquisition, construction, or alteration of buildings of commodities donated by the Secretary, or of Federal contributions), may be regarded as funds from sources within the State expended in connection with the school lunch program. “For the school year beginning in 1976, State revenue (other than revenues derived from the pro gram) appropriated or used specifically for program purposes other than salaries and administrative expenses at the State, as distinguished from local, level) shall constitute at least 8 percent of the matching requirement for the preceding school year, or, at the discretion of the Secretary, fiscal year, and for each school year thereafter, at least 10 percent of the matching requirement for the preceding school year."; 1 The State revenues made available pursuant to the preceding sentence shall be disbursed to schools, to the extent the State deems practicable, in such manner that each school receives the same proportionate share of such revenues as it receives of the funds apportioned to the State for the same year under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act and sections 4 and 5 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966. The requirement in this section that each dollar of Federal assistance be matched by $3 from sources within the State (with adjustments for the per capita income of the State) shall not be applicable with respect to the payments made to participating schools under section 4 of this Act for free and reduced price lunches: Provided, That the foregoing provision shall not affect the level of State matching required by the sixth sentence of this section. The Secretary shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury from time to time the amounts to be paid to any State under this section and the time or times such amounts are to be paid; and the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the State at the time or times fixed by the Secretary the amounts so certified.

Subsection (e) was amended Nov. 10, 1978, P.L. 95-627, sec. 5(6), 92 Stat. 3619 (effective July 1, 1979) and sec. 12(a), 92 Stat. 3625 (effective Oct. 1, 1978).

2 This sentence was amended by Public Law 95-166, sec. 19, 91 Stat. 1345, approved Nov. 10, 1977 (effective date: July 1, 1977).

3 This sentence was added by Public Law 94-105, 89 Stat. 515, approved Oct. 7, 1975.

4 Subsection (f) was added by P.L. 96-499, sec. 202, 94 Stat. 2600, approved Dec. 5, 1980 (effective Jan. 1, 1981).

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1 This sentence was added by Public Law 91-248, 84 Stat. 209, approved May 14, 1970. Further amended by Public Law 92-433, 86 Stat. 724, approved September 26, 1972. Section 111(bX2) of P.L. 94-274 provides that for the purpose of this sentence "for the period of July 1, 1976, through September 30, 1976, State revenue shall constitute at least 8 per centum of the matching requirement for the same three-month period in the preceding fiscal year.” The sentence was also amended by Public Law 95-166, sec. 19, 91 Stat. 1345, approved Nov. 10, 1977 (effective date: July 1, 1977).

2 This sentence was added by Public Law 94-105, 89 Stat. 511, approved October 7, 1975.

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