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communications services by various means, including the publication of a journal;
(E) arrange, by grant to or contract with appropriate public or private agencies, organizations, or institutions, for interconnection facilities suitable for distribution and transmission of public telecommunications services to public telecommunications entities;
(F) hire or accept the voluntary services of consultants, experts, advisory boards, and panels to aid the Corporation in carrying out the purposes of this subpart;
(G) conduct (directly or through grants or contracts) research, demonstrations, or training in matters related to public television or radio broadcasting and the use of nonbroadcast communications technologies for the dissemination of noncommercial educational and cultural television or radio programs; (H) make grants or contracts for the use of nonbroadcast telecommunications technologies for the dissemination to the public of public telecommunications services; and
(I) take such other actions as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes set forth in subsection (a) of this section. Nothing contained in this paragraph shall be construed to commit the Federal Government to provide any sums for the payment of any obligation of the Corporation which exceeds amounts provided in advance in appropriation Acts.
(3) To carry out the foregoing purposes and engage in the foregoing activities, the Corporation shall have the usual powers conferred upon a nonprofit corporation by the District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act, except that the Corporation is prohibited from
(A) owning or operating any television or radio broadcast station, system, or network, community antenna television system, interconnection system or facility, program production facility, or any public telecommunications entity, system, or network; and
(B) producing programs, scheduling programs for dissemination, or disseminating programs to the public.
(4) All meetings of the Board of Directors of the Corporation, including any committee of the Board, shall be open to the public under such terms, conditions, and exceptions as are set forth in subsection (k)(4) of this section.
(5) The Corporation, in consultation with public broadcast stations, shall undertake a study to determine the manner in which personal services of volunteers should be included in determining the level of non-Federal financial support pursuant to subsection (k)(2)(A) of this section. The study, which shall be completed not later than 180 days after the effective date of this paragraph, shall include an examination of any fiscal administrative, or other factors which should be taken into account in determining the manner in which such services should be so included, and shall include proposed valuation standards. Upon completion, the study and the proposed valuation standards shall be submitted to the Comptroller General of the United States for approval.
(6) The Corporation, in consultation with interested parties, shall create a 5-year plan for the development of public telecommunica
tions services. Such plan shall be updated annually by the Corporation.
(h)(1) Nothing in this chapter, or in any other provision of law, shall be construed to prevent United States communications common carriers from rendering free or reduced rate communications interconnection services for public television or radio services, subject to such rules and regulations as the Commission may prescribe.
(2) Subject to such terms and conditions as may be established by public telecommunications entities receiving space satellite interconnection facilities or services purchased or arranged for, in whole or in part, with funds authorized under sections 390 to 399 of this title, other public telecommunications entities shall have reasonable access to such facilities or services for the distribution of educational and cultural programs to public telecommunications entities. Any remaining capacity shall be made available to other persons for the transmission of noncommercial educational and cultural programs and program information relating to such programs, to public telecommunications entities, at a charge or charges comparable to the charge or charges, if any, imposed upon a public telecommunications entity for the distribution of noncommercial educational and cultural programs to public telecommunications entities. No such person shall be denied such access whenever sufficient capacity is available.
REPORT TO CONGRESS
(i)(1) The Corporation shall submit an annual report for the preceding fiscal year ending September 30 to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before the 15th day of February of each year. The report shall include
(A) a comprehensive and detailed report of the Corporation's operations, activities, financial condition, and accomplishments under this subpart and such recommendations as the Corporation deems appropriate;
(B) a comprehensive and detailed inventory of funds distributed by Federal agencies to public telecommunications entities during the preceding fiscal year; and
(C) the summary of the annual report provided to the Secretary pursuant to section 398(b)(4) of this title.
(2) The officers and directors of the Corporation shall be available to testify before appropriate committees of the Congress with respect to such report, the report of any audit made by the Comptroller General pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, or any other matter which such committees may determine.
RIGHT TO REPEAL, ALTER, OR AMEND
(j) The right to repeal, alter, or amend this section at any time is expressly reserved.
FINANCING; OPEN MEETINGS AND FINANCIAL RECORDS
(k)(1)(A) There is hereby established in the Treasury a fund which shall be known as the Public Broadcasting Fund (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the "Fund"), to be administered by the Secretary of the Treasury.
(B) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Fund, for each of the fiscal years 1978, 1979, and 1980, an amount equal to 40 percent of the total amount of non-Federal financial support received by public broadcasting entities during the fiscal year second preceding each such fiscal year, except that the amount so appropriated shall not exceed $121,000,000 for fiscal year 1978, $140,000,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $160,000,000 for fiscal year 1980.
(C) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Fund, for each of the fiscal years 1981, 1982, and 1983, an amount equal to 50 percent of the total amount of non-Federal financial support received by public broadcasting entities during the fiscal year second preceding each such fiscal year, except that the amount so appropriated shall not exceed $180,000,000 for fiscal year 1981, $200,000,000 for fiscal year 1982, and $220,000,00 for fiscal year 1983.
(D) Funds appropriated under this subsection shall remain available until expended.
(2)(A) The funds authorized to be appropriated by this subsection shall be used by the Corporation, in a prudent and financially responsible manner, solely for its grants, contracts, and administrative costs, except that the Corporation may not use any funds appropriated under this subpart for purposes of conducting any reception, or providing any other entertainment, for any officer or employee of the Federal Government or any State or local government. The Corporation shall determine the amount of non-Federal financial support received by public broadcasting entities during each of the fiscal years referred to in paragraph (1) for the purpose of determining the amount of each authorization, and shall certify such amount to the Secretary of the Treasury, except that the Corporation may include in its certification non-Federal financial support received by a public broadcasting entity during its most recent fiscal year ending before September 30 of the year for which certification is made. Upon receipt of such certification, the Secretary of the Treasury shall make available to the Corporation, from such funds as may be appropriated to the Fund, the amount authorized for each of the fiscal years pursuant to the provisions of this sub
(B) Funds appropriated and made available under this subsection shall be disbursed by the Secretary of the Treasury on a quarterly basis, in such amounts as the Corporation certifies will be necessary to meet its financial obligations in the succeeding quarter.
(3)(A) The Corporation shall reserve for distribution among the licensees and permittees of public television and radio stations an amount equal to—
(i) not less than 40 percent of the funds disbursed by the Corporation from the Fund under this section in each fiscal year in which the amount disbursed is $88,000,000 or more, but less than $121,000,000;
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(ii) not less than 45 percent of such funds in each fiscal year in which the amount disbursed is $121,000,000 or more, but less than $160,000,000; and
(iii) not less than 50 percent of such funds in each fiscal year in which the amount disbursed is $160,000,000 or more. (B)(i) The Corporation shall establish an annual budget according to which it shall make grants and contracts for production of public television or radio programs by independent producers and production entities and public telecommunications entities, for acquisition of such programs by public telecommunications entities, for interconnection facilities and operations, for distribution of funds among public telecommunciations entities, and for engineering and program-related research. A significant portion of funds available under the budget established by the Corporation under this subparagraph shall be used for funding the production of television and radio programs. Of such portion, a substantial amount shall be reserved for distribution to independent producers and production entities for the production of programs.
(ii) All funds contained in the annual budget established by the Corporation under clause (i) shall be distributed to entities outside the Corporation and shall not be used for the general administrative costs of the Corporation, the salaries or related expenses of Corporation personnel and members of the Board, or for expenses of consultants and advisers to the Corporation.
(iii) During each of the fiscal years 1981, 1982, and 1983, the annual budget established by the Corporation under clause (i) shall consist of not less than 95 percent of the funds made available by the Secretary of the Treasury to the Corporation pursuant to paragraph (2)(A).
(iv) In determining the amount of funds which shall be made available for radio programming and operations under this subparagraph, the Corporation shall take into account the increased financial needs relating to radio programming and operations resulting from the expansion and development of noncommercial radio broadcast station facilities through the use of funds made available pursuant to section 393(d) of this title.
(C) In fiscal year 1981, the Corporation may expend an amount equal to not more than 5 percent of the funds made available by the Secretary of the Treasury during such fiscal year pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) for those activities authorized under subsection (g)(2) of this section which are not among those grant activities described in subparagraph (B).
(D) In fiscal years 1982 and 1983, the amount which the Corporation may expend for activities authorized under subsection (g)(2) of this section which are not among those grant activities described in subparagraph (B) shall be 105 percent of the amount derived for the preceding fiscal year.
(4) Funds may not be distributed pursuant to this subsection to the Public Broadcasting Service or National Public Radio (or any successor organization), or to the licensee or permittee of any public broadcast station, unless the governing body of any such organization, any committee of such governing body, or any advisory body of any such organization, holds open meetings preceded by reasonable notice to the public. All persons shall be permitted to attend any meeting of the board, or of any such committee or body,
and no person shall be required, as a condition to attendance at any such meeting, to register such person's name or to provide any other information. Nothing contained in this paragraph shall be construed to prevent any such board, committee, or body from holding closed sessions to consider matters relating to indivdual employees, proprietary information, litigation and other matters requiring the confidential advice of counsel, commercial or financial information obtained from a person on a privileged or confidential basis, or the purchase of property or services whenever the premature exposure of such purchase would compromise the business interests of any such organization. If any such meeting is closed pursuant to the provisions of this paragraph, the organization involved shall thereafter (within a reasonable period of time) make available to the public a written statement containing an explanation of the reasons for closing the meeting.
(5) Funds may not be distributed pursuant to this subsection to any public telecommunications entity that does not maintain for public examination copies of the annual financial and audit reports, or other information regarding finances, submitted to the Corporation pursuant to subsection (1)(3)(B) of this section.
(6)(A) The Corporation, in consultation with public television and radio licensees, shall review annually the percentage of funds reserved pursuant to paragraph (3)(A), and the criteria and conditions regarding the division and distribution of such funds among public television and radio stations.
(B) The funds reserved for public broadcast stations pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) shall be divided into two portions, one to be distributed among radio stations and one to be distributed among television stations. The Corporation shall make a basic grant from the portion reserved for television stations to each licensee and permittee of a public television station that is on the air. The balance of the portion reserved for television stations and the total portion reserved for radio stations shall be distributed to licensees and permittees of such stations in accordance with eligibility criteria that promote the public interest in public broadcasting, and on the basis of a formula designed to
(i) provide for the financial needs and requirements of stations in relation to the communities and audiences such stations undertake to serve;
(ii) maintain existing, and stimulate new, sources of non-Federal financial support for stations by providing incentives for increases in such support; and
(iii) assure that each eligible licensee and permittee of a public radio station receives a basic grant.
(7) No distribution of funds pursuant to this subsection shall exceed, in any fiscal year, 50 percent of a licensee's or permittee's total non-Federal financial support during the fiscal year second preceding the fiscal year in which such distribution is made.
(8) The funds distributed pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) may be used at the discretion of the recipient for purposes relating to the provision of public television and radio programming, including, but not limited to
(A) producing, acquiring, broadcasting, or otherwise disseminating public television or radio programs;