Page images
PDF
EPUB

of the percentage increase in the appropriation for fiscal year 1979 over the appropriation for fiscal year 1978, whichever is greater.

(E)(i) Any funds not allotted according to the provisions of this paragraph for any fiscal year shall be allotted according to the provisions of paragraph (2) to those States which, for such fiscal year, receive an allotment under paragraph (2) only.

(ii) If sums reserved under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph are insufficient in any fiscal year to carry out the provisions of subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of this paragraph, the Secretary shall transfer from sums reserved under paragraph (3) an amount necessary to carry out such provisions.

(b) Whenever funds appropriated pursuant to section 512 for any fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1978, are equivalent to, or exceed $800,000,000, the Secretary, pursuant to the provision of subsection (a)(3), shall reserve not more than 20 percent of $800,000,000 or 15 percent of the funds so appropriated, whichever is greater

(c) Financial assistance extended under this part for a Headstart program shall not exceed 80 per centum of the approved costs of the assisted program or activities, except that the Secretary may approve assistance in excess of such percentage if the Secretary determines, in accordance with regulations establishing objective criteria, that such action is required in furtherance of the purposes of this part. Non-Federal contributions may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including but not limited to plant, equipment, or services. The Secretary shall not require non-Federal contributions in excess of 20 per centum of the approved costs of programs or activities assisted under this part.

(d) No programs shall be approved for assistance under this part unless the Secretary is satisfied that the services to be provided under such program will be in addition to, and not in substitution for, comparable services previously provided without Federal assistance. The requirement imposed by the preceding sentence shall be subject to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe.

(e) The Secretary shall establish policies and procedures designed to assure that for fiscal year 1975 not less than 10 per centum of the total number of enrollment opportunities in Headstart programs in the Nation shall be available for handicapped children and that for fiscal year 1976 and thereafter no less than 10 per centum of the total number of enrollment opportunities in Headstart programs in each State shall be available for handicapped children (as defined in paragraph (1) of section 602 of the Education of the Handicapped Act) and that services shall be provided to meet their special needs. The Secretary shall report to the Congress at least annually on the status of handicapped children in Headstart programs, including the number of children being served, their handicapping conditions, and the services being provided such children.

(f) The Secretary shall adopt appropriate administrative measures to assure that the benefits of this part will be distributed equitably between residents of rural and urban areas.

(42 U.S.C. 2928b) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93–644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2301; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95-568, secs. 10(b), 17(a)(17), 92 Stat. 2430-2432, 2441.

DESIGNATION OF HEADSTART AGENCIES

SEC. 514. (a) The Secretary is authorized to designate as a Headstart agency any local public or private nonprofit agency which (1) has the power and authority to carry out the purposes of this part and perform the functions set forth in section 515 within a community, and (2) is determined by the Secretary to be capable of planning, conducting, administering, and evaluating, either directly or by other arrangements, a Headstart program.

(b) For the purposes of this title, a community may be a city, county, or multicity or multicounty unit within a State, an Indian reservation, or a neighborhood or other area (irrespective of boundaries or political subdivisions) which provides a suitable organizational base and possesses the commonality of interest needed to operate a Headstart program.

(c) In the administration of the provisions of this section, the Secretary shall give priority in the designation of Headstart agencies to any local public or private nonprofit agency which is receiving funds under any Headstart program on the date of the enactment of this Act, except that the Secretary shall, before giving such priority, determine that the agency involved meets program and fiscal requirements established by the Secretary.

(d) The Secretary shall require that the practice of significantly involving parents and area residents affected by the program in selection of Headstart agencies be continued.

(42 U.S.C. 2928c) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2302; amended July 6, 1976, P.L. 94-341, sec. 2(a)(18), 90 Stat. 804; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95-568, sec. 10(c), 92 Stat. 2432.

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF HEADSTART AGENCIES

Sec. 515. (a) In order to be designated as a Headstart agency under this part, an agency must have authority under its charter or applicable law to receive and administer funds under this part, funds and contributions from private or local public sources which may be used in support of a Headstart program, and funds under any Federal or State assistance program pursuant to which a public or private nonprofit agency (as the case may be) organized in accordance with this part, could act as grantee, contractor, or sponsor of projects appropriate for inclusion in a Headstart program. Such an agency must also be empowered to transfer funds so received, and to delegate powers to other agencies, subject to the powers of its governing board and its overall program responsibilities. This power to transfer funds and delegate powers must include the power to make transfers and delegations covering component projects in all cases where this will contribute to efficiency and effectiveness or otherwise further program objectives.

(b) In order to be so designated, a Headstart agency must also (1) establish effective procedures by which parents and area residents concerned will be enabled to directly participate in decisions that influence the character of programs affecting their interests, (2) provide for their regular participation in the implementation of such programs, and (3) provide technical and other support needed to enable parents and area residents to secure on their own behalf available assistance from public and private sources.

(42 U.S.C. 2928d) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2302; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95-568, sec. 10(d), 92 Stat. 2432.

SUBMISSION OF PLANS TO GOVERNORS

Sec. 516. In carrying out the provisions of this part, no contract, agreement, grant, or other assistance shall be made for the purpose of carrying out a Headstart program within a State unless a plan setting forth such proposed contract, agreement, grant, or other assistance has been submitted to the Governor of the State, and such plan has not been disapproved by the Governor within thirty days of such submission, or, if so disapproved, has been reconsidered by the Secretary and found by the Secretary to be fully consistent with the provisions and in furtherance of the purposes of this part. Funds to cover the costs of the proposed contract, agreement, grant, or other assistance shall be obligated from the appropriation which is current at the time the plan is submitted to the Governor. This section shall not, however, apply to contracts, agreements, grants, loans, or other assistance to any institution of higher education in existence on the date of enactment of this Act.

(42 U.S.C. 2928e) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93–644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2302; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95-568, sec. 17(a)(18), 92 Stat. 2441.

ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS

SEC. 517. (a) Each Headstart agency shall observe standards of organization, management, and administration which will assure, so far as reasonably possible, that all program activities are conducted in a manner consistent with the purposes of this part and the objective of providing assistance effectively, efficiently, and free of any taint of partisan political bias or personal or family favoritism. Each such agency shall establish or adopt rules to carry out this section, which shall include rules to assure full staff accountability in matters governed by law, regulations, or agency policy. Each agency shall also provide for reasonable public access to information, including but not limited to public hearings at the request of appropriate community groups and reasonable public access to books and records of the agency or other agencies engaged in program activities or operations involving the use of authority or funds for which it is responsible. Each such agency shall adopt for itself and other agencies using funds or exercising authority for which it is responsible, rules designed to establish specific standards governing salaries, salary increases, travel and per diem allowances, and other employee benefits; to assure that only persons capable of discharging their duties with competence and integrity are employed and that employees are promoted or advanced under impartial procedures calculated to improve agency performance and effectiveness; to guard against personal or financial conflicts of interests; and to define employee duties in an appropriate manner which will in any case preclude employees from participating, in connection with the performance of their duties, in any form of picketing, protest, or other direct action which is in violation of law.

(b) No financial assistance shall be extended under the Act in any case in which the Secretary determines that the costs of developing and administering a program assisted under the Act exceed 15 per centum of the total costs, including non-Federal contributions to such costs, of such program. The Secretary shall establish by regulation, criteria for determining (i) the costs of developing and administering such program and (ii) the total costs of such program. In any case in which the Secretary determines that the cost of administering such program does not exceed 15 per centum of such total costs but is, in the judgment of the Secretary, excessive, the Secretary shall forthwith require the recipient of such financial assistance to take such steps prescribed by the Secretary as will eliminate such excessive administrative cost, including the sharing by one or more Headstart agencies of a common director and other administrative personnel. The Secretary may waive the limitation prescribed by this paragraph for specific periods of time not to exceed twelve months whenever the Secretary determines that such a waiver is necessary in order to carry out the purposes of the Act.

(c) The Secretary shall prescribe rules or regulations to supplement subsection (a) of this section, which shall be binding on all agencies carrying on Headstart program activities with financial assistance under this part. The Secretary may, where appropriate, establish special or simplified requirements for smaller agencies or agencies operating in rural areas. Policies and procedures shall be established to insure that indirect costs attributable to the common or joint use of facilities and services by programs assisted under this part and other programs shall be fairly allocated among the various programs which utilize such facilities and services.

(d) At least thirty days prior to their effective date, all rules, regulations, guidelines, instructions, and application forms shall be published in the Federal Register and shall be sent to each grantee with the notification that each such grantee has the right to submit comments pertaining thereto to the Secretary prior to the final adoption thereof.

(42 U.S.C. 2928f) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93–644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2303; amended July 6, 1976, P.L. 94-341, sec. 2(a)(19), 90 Stat. 804; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95–568, secs. 10(e), 17(a)(19), 92 Stat. 2432, 2441.

PARTICIPATION IN HEADSTART PROGRAMS

SEC. 518. (a)(1) The Secretary shall by regulation prescribe eligibility for the participation of persons in Headstart programs assisted under this part. Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, such criteria may provide (A) that children from lowincome families shall be eligible for participation in programs assisted under this part if their families are below the poverty line, or if their families are eligible or in the absence of child care would potentially be eligible for public-assistance; and (B) pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary shall prescribe that programs assisted under this part may include, to a reasonable extent, participation of children in the area served who would benefit from such programs but whose families do not meet the low-income criteria prescribed pursuant to clause (A).

(2) Whenever a Headstart program is operated in a community with a population of 1,000 or less individuals and (A) there is no other preschool program in the community, (B) the community is located in a medically underserved area as designated by the Secretary pursuant to section 330(b)(3) of the Public Health Service Act and is located in a health manpower shortage area as designated by the Secretary pursuant to sections 332(a)(1) of such Act, (C) the community is in a location which, by reason of remoteness, does not permit reasonable access to the types of services described in clauses (A) and (B), and (D) not less than 50 per centum of the families to be served in the community are eligible under the eligibility criteria established by the Secretary under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Headstart program in each such locality shall establish the criteria for eligibility, except that no child residing in such community whose family is eligible under such eligibility criteria shall, by virtue of such project's eligibility criteria, be denied an opportunity to participate in such program.

(b) The Secretary shall not prescribe any fee schedule or otherwise provide for the charging of any fees for participation in Headstart programs, unless such fees are authorized by legislation hereafter enacted. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prevent the families of children who participate in Headstart programs and who are willing and able to pay the full cost of such participation from doing so.

(42 U.S.C. 2928g) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2304; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95-568, sec. 10(f), 92 Stat. 2432–2433.

APPEALS, NOTICE, AND HEARING

SEC. 519. The Secretary shall prescribe procedures to assure that

(1) special notice of and an opportunity for a timely and expeditious appeal to the Secretary will be provided for an agency or organization which desires to serve as a delegate agency under this part and whose application to the Headstart agency has been wholly or substantially rejected or has not been acted upon within a period of time deemed reasonable by the Secretary, in accordance with regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe;

(2) financial assistance under this part shall not be suspended, except in emergency situations, unless the recipient agency has been given reasonable notice and opportunity to show cause why such action should not be taken; and

(3) financial assistance under this part shall not be terminated, an application for refunding shall not be denied, and a suspension of financial assistance shall not be continued for longer than thirty days, unless the recipient has been afforded

reasonable notice and opportunity for a full and fair hearing. (42 U.S.C. 2928h) As added January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-644, sec. 8(a), 88 Stat. 2304; amended November 2, 1978, P.L. 95-568, sec. 17(a)(20), 92 Stat. 2441.

RECORDS AND AUDITS

SEC. 520. (a) Each recipient of financial assistance under this part shall keep such records as the Secretary shall prescribe, including records which fully disclose the amount and disposition by such recipient of the proceeds of such financial assistance, the total cost of the project or undertaking in connection with which such financial assistance is given or used, the amount of that portion of the cost

« PreviousContinue »