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cess, and a description of the programs which were not successful within the State, including an analysis of the reasons for their failure.

(b) The Commissioner, through the Office of Career Education, shall analyze each one of the State reports submitted pursuant to subsection (a) and shall provide to the State no later than three months after the date of such submission an analysis of the report and recommendations for improvement in the operation and administration of programs being provided by the State with funds made available under this Act.

(c) The Commissioner shall conduct a comprehensive review of a random sample of the State programs funded under this Act and shall submit a report on such review to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Human Resources of the Senate by no later than September 30, 1982.

(20 U.S.C. 2613) Enacted Dec. 13, 1977, P.L. 95-207, sec. 14, 91 Stat. 1473.


SEC. 15. For purposes of this Act the term

(1)(A) "career education", for the purposes of this Act, except for paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8(a), and sections 8(b), 8(c), 9, 10, and 11, means the totality of experiences, which are designed to be free of bias and stereotyping (including bias or stereotyping on account of race, sex, age, economic status, or handicap), through which one learns about, and prepares to engage in, work as part of his or her way of living, and through which he or she relates work values to other life roles and choices (such as family life):

(B) "career education", for purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 8(a), and sections 8(b), 8(c), 9, 10, and 11, shall be limited to activities involving career awareness, exploration, decisionmaking, and planning, which activities are free of or are designed to eliminate bias and stereotyping (including bias or stereotyping on account of race, sex, age, economic status, or handicap), and shall not include any activities carried out by such agencies involving specific job skill training:

(2) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Education; (3) "handicapped" means mentally retarded, hard of hearing, deaf, speech impaired, visually handicapped, seriously emotionally disturbed, orthopedically impaired, or other health impaired persons, or persons with specific learning disabilities who by reason thereof require special education and related services;

(4) "local educational agency" has the meaning given such term by section 801(f) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;

(5) "State" means the several States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and

(6) "State educational agency" has the meaning given such term by section 801(k) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

(20 U.S.C. 2614) Enacted Dec. 13, 1977, P.L. 95-207, sec. 15, 91 Stat. 1473.

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education Act

AN ACT To authorize the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to make grants to conduct special educational programs and activities concerning the use of drugs and other related educational purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education Act."


SEC. 2. (a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that drug and alcohol abuse diminishes the strength and vitality of the people of our Nation; that an increasing number of substances, both legal and illegal, are being abused by increasing numbers of individuals; that abuse of any substance is complex human behavior which is influenced by many forces, including school, family, church, community, media, and peer groups; and that prevention and early intervention in such behavior require cooperation and coordination among all of these elements in strategies designed to respond to carefully defined problems.

(b) It is the purpose of this Act to encourage the prevention of alcohol and drug abuse; to stimulate the development of new and improved approaches to prevention of alcohol and drug abuse; to demonstrate the use of such approaches in model educational programs and to evaluate the effectiveness thereof; to disseminate successful approaches and significant information for use in educational programs throughout the Nation; to provide training programs for teachers, counselors, law enforcement officials, and other public service and community leaders; and to offer community education programs for parents and others, on alcohol and drug abuse problems.

(c) It is further the purpose of this Act to provide leadership to schools and other institutions in the community by supporting projects to identify, evaluate, demonstrate, and disseminate effective strategies for prevention and early intervention and to provide training and technical assistance to schools and other segments of the community in adapting such strategies to identified local needs. (21 U.S.C. 1001) Enacted Dec. 3, 1970, P.L. 91-527, sec. 2, Stat. 1385; amended Sept. 21, 1974, P.L. 93-442, sec. 2, 88 Stat. 1154, 1155; amended August 4, 1978, P.L. 95-336, sec. 2, 92 Stat. 451.


SEC. 3. (a) The Commissioner of Education shall carry out, throughout the Nation in rural areas as well as urban areas, a program of making grants to, and contracts with institutions of higher education, State and local educational agencies, and public and private education or community agencies, institutions, and organizations to support and evaluate demonstration programs, including programs of proven effectiveness, to encourage the establishment of such programs to develop local capability to meet problems of alco

hol and drug abuse, to train educational and community personnel, and to provide technical assistance in program development. In carrying out such program, the Commissioner of Education shall give priority to school based programs and projects. The Commissioner shall seek equitable distribution of available resources among the various regions of the country and seek to ensure that the special needs of rural areas are appropriately addressed.

(b) Funds appropriated for grants and contracts under this Act shall be available for activities, including bilingual activities, such


(1) projects for the development, testing evaluation, and dissemination of exemplary materials for use in elementary, secondary, adult, and community education programs, and for training in the selection and use of such materials;

(2) comprehensive demonstration programs which focus on the causes of drug and alcohol abuse rather than on the symptoms; which include both schools and the communities within which the schools are located; which emphasizes the affective as well as the cognitive approach; which reflect the specialized needs of communities; and which include, in planning and development, school personnel, the target population, community representation, and parents;

(3) creative primary prevention and early intervention programs in schools, utilizing an interdisciplinary "school team" approach, developing in educational personnel and student skills in planning and conducting comprehensive prevention programs which include such activities as training drug and alcohol education specialists and group leaders, peer group and individual counseling, and student involvement in intellectual, cultural, and social alternatives to drug and alcohol abuse;

(4) preservice and inservice training programs on drug and alcohol abuse prevention for teachers, counselors, and other educational personnel, law enforcement officials, and other public service and community leaders and personnel;

(5) community education programs on drug and alcohol abuse prevention, especially for parents and others in the community;

(6) programs or projects to recruit, train, organize, and employ professionals and other persons, including former drug and alcohol abusers and former drug- and alcohol-dependent persons, to organize and participate in programs of public education in drug and alcohol abuse; and

(7) projects for the dissemination of valid and effective school and community drug and alcohol abuse educational programs. (c) In addition to the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, funds in an amount not to exceed 10 per centum of the sums appropriated to carry out this Act may be made available for the payment of reasonable and necessary expenses of State educational agencies for assisting local educational agencies in the planning, development, and implementation of drug and alcohol abuse education programs, including such projects as

(1) inservice training of education personnel,
(2) technical assistance to local school districts,

(3) creative leadership in programing for indigenous minorities, and

(4) training of peer counselors.

(d) In addition to the purposes described in subsections (b) and (c), from funds in an amount not to exceed 10 per centum of the sums appropriated to carry out this Act, the Commissioner is authorized to make grants to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions of postsecondary education, and other nonprofit agencies and organizations to support projects, including projects of proven effectiveness, to demonstrate the most effective methods and techniques in alcohol and drug abuse prevention, and to develop exemplary alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs. To maximum extent practicable, funds expended under this subsection shall be used for grants and programs reflecting various services to individuals proportionate to relative numbers of individuals served within and outside of standard metropolitan statistical


(e)(1) In order to carry out the provisions of this Act, there is established in the Office of Education an Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education (hereafter in this section referred to as the 'Office'). The Office shall be headed by a Director.

(2) The Director shall report directly to the Commissioner.

(3) The Office of Education shall provide the Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education with sufficient staff and resources to carry out its responsibilities under this Act.

(4) In carrying out the provisions of this Act, the Director of such Office shall consult with the Directors of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and shall coordinate the activities of such Office with the activities of such Institutes to the extent feasible.

(f) The Secretary shall assure cooperation and coordination between the Office of Education (acting through the Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education) and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (acting through the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the National Institute on Drug Abuse) to identify and implement successful prevention programs and strategies, to identify research and development priorities, and to disseminate the results of such activities. The Secretary shall further assure that all such prevention programs and strategies which are school-based (assisted or conducted by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) shall, to the extent feasible, be coordinated through the Office of Education (acting through the Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education).

(g)(1) Financial assistance under this section may be made only upon application at such time or times, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Commissioner deems necessary, and only if such application

(A) provides that activities and services for which assistance under this title is sought will be adminstered by or under the supervision of the applicant;

(B) provides for carrying out one or more projects or programs eligible for assistance under subsections (b) and (c) of this section and provides for such methods of administration as are necessary for the proper and efficient operation of such projects or programs;

(Č) sets forth policies and procedures which assure that Federal funds made available under this section for any fiscal year

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will be so used as to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available by the applicant for the purposes described in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, and in no case supplant such funds;

(D) provides for making such reports, in such form and containing such information, as the Commissioner may reasonably require, and for keeping such records and affording such access thereto as the Commissioner may find necessary to assure to correctness and verification of such reports; and

(E) provides assurance that the applicant will coordinate its effort with the appropriate State and local alcohol and drug abuse agencies, and educational agencies and organizations; and

(F) provides a proposed performance standard to measure, or research procedure to determine, the effectiveness of the program or project for which assistance is sought.

(2) An application from a local education agency for financial assistance under this section may be approved by the Commissioner only after the applicant has submitted the application to the State ecucational agency. The State educational agency shall, not more than thirty days after the date of receipt of the application, submit to the Secretary in writing its comments on the application. A copy of such comments shall be submitted at the same time to the appli


(3) Amendments of applications shall, except as the Commissioner may otherwise provide by or pursuant to regulation, be subject to the requirements set forth in subsections (d)(1) and (d)(2).

(h)(1) The Commissioner shall use funds in an amount of 3 per centum of the funds appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year for independent analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the drug and alcohol abuse education programs assisted under this section.

(2) The Commissioner shall, not later than March 31 of each calendar year, submit an evaluation report to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations, the House Committee on Education and Labor, and the Senate Committee on Human Resources. Such report shall

(A) contain the agency's statement of specific and detailed objectives for the program or programs assisted under the provisions of this Act, and relate these objectives to those in the Act,

(B) include statements of the agency's conclusions as to effectiveness of the program or programs in meeting the stated objectives, measured through the end of the preceding fiscal year,

(C) make recommendations with respect to any changes or additional legislative action deemed necessary or desirable in carrying out the program or programs,

(D) contain a listing identifying the principal analyses and studies supporting the major conclusions and recommendations, and

(E) contain the agency's annual evaluation plan for the program or programs through the ensuing fiscal year for which the budget was transmitted to Congress by the President, in

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