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Clubs for Boys and Girls Interested in Science

(Public Law 85-875)

AN ACT

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in order to strengthen future scientific accomplishment in our Nation by assisting in the development of a body of boys and girls with a special interest in science, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1959, and for each fiscal year thereafter, such sums, not in excess of $50,000, as may be necessary to enable the Commissioner of Education to encourage, foster, and assist in the establishment in localities throughout the Nation of clubs which are composed of boys and girls who have an especial interest in science.

Sec. 2. (a) The Commissioner of Education shall carry out his duties under the first section with a view to the ultimate chartering by the Congress of a corporation, similar to the Future Farmers of America, which will seek to

(1) develop an interest in science on the part of the young people of America,

(2) provide an opportunity for the exchange of scientific information and ideas among members of the clubs,

(3) encourage the promotion of science fairs at which members of the clubs may display their scientific works and projects, and

(4) develop an awareness of the satisfactions to be derived throughout a career devoted to science. (b) The Commissioner of Education may utilize any of the personnel and facilities of the Office of Education in carrying out this

Act.

(20 U.S.C. 2 note) Enacted on September 2, 1958, as P.L. 85-875, 72 Stat. 1700.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

(Public Law 85-875)

85th Congress-H.R. 13191: H. Rept. 2643, p. 17931, Aug. 15, 1958; passed House, p. 18976, Aug. 21, 1958. Passed Senate, p. 19558, Aug. 23, 1958. Approved, p. 19719, Sept. 2, 1958.

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Future Farmers of America

(Public Law 740, 81st Cong.)

AN ACT To incorporate the Future Farmers of America, and for

other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following persons: William T. Spanton, Washington, District of Columbia; Dudley M. Clements, College Park, Maryland; Herbert B. Swanson, Washington, District of Columbia; R. Edward Naugher, Arlington, Virginia; Elmer J. Johnson, Arlington, Virginia; Rodolph D. Anderson, Columbia, South Carolina; Earl H. Little, Concord, New Hampshire; Bert L. Brown, Olympia, Washington; and Ralph A. Howard, Columbus, Ohio, are hereby created a body corporate by the name of Future Farmers of America (hereinafter referred to as the “corporation”) and by such name shall be known and have perpetual succession and the powers and limitations contained in this Act. (36 U.S.C. 271) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 1, 64 Stat. 563.

Sec. 2. The persons named in the first section of this Act are authorized to meet to complete the organization of the corporation by the selection of officers, the adoption of regulations and bylaws, and the doing of such other acts as may be necessary for such purpose. (36 U.S.C. 272) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 2, 64 Stat. 563. SEC. 3. The objects and purposes of the corporation shall be

(1) to create, foster, and assist subsidiary chapters composed of students and former students of vocational agriculture in public schools qualifying for Federal reimbursement under the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act or the Vocational Education Act of 1946 (Public Law 347, Sixty-fourth Congress, and Public Law 586, Seventy-ninth Congress), and associations of such chapters in the several States and Territories of the United States;

(2) to develop character, train for useful citizenship, and foster patriotism, and thereby to develop competent, aggressive rural and agricultural leadership;

(3) to create and nurture a love of country life by encouraging members to improve the farm home and its surroundings, to develop organized rural recreational activities, and to create more interest in the intelligent choice of farming occupations;

(4) to encourage the practice of thrift;

(5) to procure for and distribute to State associations, local chapters, and members all official Future Farmers of America supplies and equipment;

(6) to publish an official magazine and other publications for the members of the corporation;

(7) to strengthen the confidence of farm boys and young men in themselves and their work, to encourage members in the development of individual farming programs, and to promote their permanent establishment in farming by (a) encouraging improvement in scholarship; (b) providing prizes and awards to deserving students who have achieved distinction in vocational

agriculture, including farm mechanics activities on a local, State, or national basis; and (c) assisting financially, through loans or grants, deserving students in all-day vocational agriculture classes and young farmers under thirty years of age who were former students in all-day vocational agriculture classes in becoming satisfactorily established in a farming occupation; and

(8) to cooperate with others, including State boards for vocational education, in accomplishing the above purposes; and to engage in such other activities, consistent with the foregoing purposes, determined by the governing body to be for the best

interests of the corporation. (36 U.S.C. 273) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 3, 64 Stat. 563. SEC. 4. The corporation shall have power

(1) to sue and be sued, complain, and defend in any court of competent jurisdiction;

(2) to adopt, use, and alter a corporate seal;

(3) to choose such officers, managers, agents, and employees as the business of the corporation may require;

(4) to adopt and alter bylaws and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of the United States or any State in which such corporation is to operate, for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs, including the establishment and maintenance of local chapters and State associations of chapters;

(5) to contract and be contracted with;

(6) to take and hold be lease, gift, purchase, grant, devise, or bequest any property, real or personal, necessary for attaining the objects and accomplishing the purposes of the corporation, subject to applicable provisions of law of any state (A) governing the amount or kind of real and personal property which may be held by, or (B) otherwise limiting or controlling the ownership of real and personal property by, a corporation operating in such State;

(7) to transfer and convey real or personal property;

(8) to borrow money for the purposes of the corporation, issue bonds therefor, and secure the same by mortgage, subject to all applicable provisions of Federal or State law;

(9) to use the corporate funds to give prizes, awards, loans, and grants to deserving students and young farmers for the purposes set forth in section 3;

(10) to publish a magazine and other publications;

(11) to procure for and distribute to State associations, local chapters, and members all official Future Farmers of America supplies and equipment;

(12) to adopt emblems and badges; and

(13) to do any and all acts and things necessary and proper to carry out the objects and purposes of the corporation. (36 U.S.C. 274) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 4, 64 Stat. 564.

SEC. 5. The headquarters and principal offices of the corporation shall be located in the District of Columbia, but the activities of the corporation shall not be confined to that place but may be conducted throughout the various States, Territories, and possessions of the United States. The corporation shall maintain at all times in

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the District of Columbia a designated agent authorized to accept
service of process for the corporation, such designation to be filed
in the office of the clerk of the United States District Court for the
District of Columbia. Notice to or service upon such agent, or
mailed to the business address of such agent, shall be deemed suffi-
cient notice or service upon the corporation.
(36 U.S.C. 275) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 5, 64 Stat. 565.

SEC. 6. Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the
rights and privileges of members shall, except as provided in this
Act, be determined according to the bylaws of the corporation. In
the conduct of official business of any local chapter each member
shall have one vote. In the conduct of the official business of any
State association each qualified delegate of a local chapter shall
have one vote.
(36 U.S.C. 275) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 6, 64 Stat. 565.

Sec. 7. (a) The national officers of the corporation shall be a student president, four student vice presidents (one from each of four regions of the United States established in the bylaws for purposes of administration of the corporation), a student secretary, an executive secretary, a treasurer, and a national advisor.

(b) The national student officers of the corporation shall comprise a board of student officers. It shall be the duty of such board to advise and make recommendations to the board of directors with respect to the conduct of the activities and business of the corporation.

(c) The national officers of the corporation shall be elected annually by a majority vote of the delegates assembled in the annual national convention from among qualified members of the corporation, except that the national advisor shall be the Chief of the Agricultural Education Service, Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, the executive secretary shall be a member of that service, and the treasurer shall be an employee or member of a State agency that directs or supervises a State program of agricultural education under the provisions of the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act or the Vocational Education Act of 1946 (Public Law 347, Sixty-fourth Congress, and Public Law 586, Seventy-ninth Congress).

(d) In the conduct of the business of the annual national convention each qualified delegate shall have one vote. (36 U.S.C. 276) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 7, 64 Stat. 565.

SEC. 8. (a) The governing body of the corporation, which shall exercise the powers herein granted to the corporation, shall be a board of directors composed of: (1) the Chief of the Agricultural Education Service, Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, who shall act as chairman; (2) four staff members in the Agricultural Education Service, Office of Education, Federal Security Agency; ' and (3) four State supervisors of agricultural education.

(b) The terms of office of memberss of the board and the method of selection of such members, other than ex officio members, shall be prescribed by the bylaws of the corporation.

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Functions of Federal Security Agency transferred Apr. 11, 1953 to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (1953 Reorg. Plan No. 1, secs. 5, 8, 18 F.R. 2053, 67 Stat. 631).

(c) The board shall meet at least once each year at such time and place as may be prescribed by the bylaws. The annual report of the board shall be presented at such meeting. Special meetings of the board may be called at any time by the chairman.

(d) The board may designate the chairman and two members of his staff as a governing committee which, when the board is not in session, shall have and exercise the powers of the board subject to its direction and have the power to authorize the seal of the corporation to be affixed to all papers which may require it.

(e) The board of directors which shall serve until the first board is selected as provided in this Act shall be composed of the nine persons named in the first section of this Act.

(36 U.S.C. 278) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 8, 64 Stat. 565.

SEC. 9. (a) No part of the income or assets of the corporation shall inure to any member, officer, or director, or be distributable to any such person except upon dissolution and final liquidation of the corporation as provided in section 15 of this Act.

(b) The corporation shall not make loans to its officers, directors, or employees. Any director who votes for or assents to the making of a loan to an officer, director, or employee of the corporation, and any officer who participates in the making of such a loan shall be jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of such loan until the repayment thereof.

(c) This section shall not preclude prizes, awards, grants, or loans to student officers and members meeting the criteria established by the board of directors for selecting recipients of such benefits. (36 U.S.C. 279) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 9, 64 Stat. 566.

SEC. 10. The corporation, and its members, officers, and directors, as such, shall not contribute to or otherwise support or assist any political party or candidate for elective public office. (36 U.S.C. 280) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 10, 64 Stat. 566.

Sec. 11. The corporation shall be liable for the acts of its officers and agents when acting within the scope of their authority. (36 U.S.C. 281) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 11, 64 Stat. 566.

SEC. 13. The corporation shall keep correct and complete books and records of account and shall also keep minutes of the proceedings of its members, the board of directors, and committees having any authority under the board of directors, and it shall also keep a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote. All books and records of the corporation may be inspected by any member or his agent or attorney at any reasonable time. (36 U.S.C. 283) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 13, 64 Stat. 566.

SEC. 15. Upon final dissolution or liquidation of the corporation and after the discharge or satisfaction of all outstanding obligations and liabilities, the remaining assets of the corporation shall be used by the board of directors for the benefit of students of vocational agriculture, or be transferred to some recognized educational foundation. (36 U.S.C. 285) Enacted Aug. 30, 1950, P.L. 740, 81st Cong., sec. 15, 64 Stat. 566.

SEC. 16. The corporation, and its duly authorized chapter and associations of chapters, shall have the sole and exclusive right to use

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